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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Public Trust and Law Enforcement--A Brief Discussion for Policymakers

Public Trust and Law Enforcement--A Brief Discussion for Policymakers

Date: March 22, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Finklea, Kristin; Keegan, Natalie; Lister, Sarah A.; Sacco, Lisa N. et al.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of police-community relations and how the federal government might be able to promote more accountability and better relationships between citizens and law enforcement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B. & Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides background information on sexual violence on campus and its prevalence, descriptions of the Clery Act and Title IX, and an analysis of prominent policy and legal issues related to these two statutes. It also includes a brief description of a related third statute focused on educational privacy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Obama Announces Executive Actions to "Reduce Gun Violence"

President Obama Announces Executive Actions to "Reduce Gun Violence"

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly discusses executive actions aimed at, among other things, "keep[ing] guns out of the wrong hands through background checks" and "mak[ing] our communities safer from gun violence." These actions include, for example, directing specified executive agencies to conduct or sponsor research into gun safety technology and finalizing a rule requiring firearms shippers to notify law enforcement of any firearms lost or stolen in transit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Criminal Justice Reform: One Judge's View

Criminal Justice Reform: One Judge's View

Date: January 1, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly provides highlights from an article written by Judge Alex Kozinski of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in which he recommended 26 changes in the U.S. criminal justice system, federal and state.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Conspiracy Law: A Brief Overview

Federal Conspiracy Law: A Brief Overview

Date: January 20, 2016
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a brief discussion of the common features of federal conspiracy law that evolved over the years, with passing references to some of the distinctive features of some of the statutory provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Date: January 28, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report contains an overview of the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Initiative (BPV program). It also provides a discussion of data on law enforcement agencies that require their officers to wear armor vests while on duty, research on why officers may choose to wear armor vests, research on the life cycle for armor vests, data on the use of body armor by law enforcement officers who were killed with a firearm, and research on the effectiveness of armor vests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: January 15, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of security challenges in Mexico and Mexico's security strategy. It then provides information on congressional funding and oversight of the Mérida Initiative, with details about each of the program's four pillars. The report concludes by raising policy issues that Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Conspiracy Law: A Sketch

Federal Conspiracy Law: A Sketch

Date: January 20, 2016
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This is a brief discussion of the common features of federal conspiracy law that evolved over the years, with passing references to some of the distinctive features of some of the statutory provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Free-Riders or Compelled Riders? Key Takeaways as Court Considers Major Union Dues Case

Free-Riders or Compelled Riders? Key Takeaways as Court Considers Major Union Dues Case

Date: January 1, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly outlines the ongoing debate regarding Union dues. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, as of 2015, 7.2 million employees in the public sector belong to a union, with more than 700,000 additional government employees being represented by a union without belonging to the union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of security challenges in Mexico and Mexico's security strategy. It then provides information on congressional funding and oversight of the Mérida Initiative, with details about each of the program's four pillars. The report concludes by raising policy issues that Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former U.S. Hostages of Iran to be Eligible for Compensation

Former U.S. Hostages of Iran to be Eligible for Compensation

Date: December 29, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar briefly discusses the U.S. victims of the 1979-1981 Iran Hostage Crisis, who will become eligible to receive up to $4.4 million each in compensation, thanks to the Justice for United States Victims of State Sponsored Terrorism Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Juvenile Justice Funding Trends

Juvenile Justice Funding Trends

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the juvenile justice grant programs and the overall appropriation administered by the Department of Justice's (DOJ's) Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). There is no federal juvenile justice system, however the government uses federal juvenile justice entities and grant programs in order to influence the states' systems. Eligibility for some of these grant programs is tied to certain mandates that the states must adhere to in order to receive federal funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing Adults: Background, Federal Programs, and Issues for Congress

Missing Adults: Background, Federal Programs, and Issues for Congress

Date: May 7, 2013
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: The first section of this report discusses demographics and record keeping of missing adults and unidentified remains, as well as some of the factors that may contribute to the disappearance of adults. This section also discusses federally funded databases that are used to track data on missing adults and unidentified individuals. The second section of the report describes the federal programs and initiatives to assist in locating missing adults, including funding data where applicable. Finally, the third section discusses issues about the federal role in missing adult cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing Adults: Background, Federal Programs, and Issues for Congress

Missing Adults: Background, Federal Programs, and Issues for Congress

Date: February 11, 2015
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: The first section of this report discusses demographics and record keeping of missing adults and unidentified remains, as well as some of the factors that may contribute to the disappearance of adults. This section also discusses federally-funded databases that are used to track data on missing adults and unidentified individuals. The second section of the report describes the federal programs and initiatives to assist in locating missing adults, including funding data where applicable. Finally, the third section discusses issues about the federal role in missing adult cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of FY2016 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Overview of FY2016 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Date: February 23, 2015
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report tracks and describes actions taken by the Administration and Congress to provide FY2016 appropriations for the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) accounts. It also provides an overview of FY2015 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded as part of the annual appropriation for CJS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law: An Abbreviated Sketch

Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law: An Abbreviated Sketch

Date: February 15, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the application of American criminal law outside the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Capital Offenses: An Overview of Substantive and Procedural Law

Federal Capital Offenses: An Overview of Substantive and Procedural Law

Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Murder, committed under any of more than 50 jurisdictional circumstances, is a federal capital offense. So are treason, espionage, and certain drug kingpin offenses. The Federal Death Penalty Act and related provisions establish the procedure that must be followed before a defendant convicted of a federal capital offense may be executed. This report is an overview of the law in the area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

Date: January 4, 2012
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report examines three labor issues and arguments related to the pending U.S.-Colombia free trade agreement (CFTA; H.R. 5724 and S. 2830): violence against trade unionists; impunity (accountability for or punishment of the perpetrators); and worker rights protections for Colombians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

Date: December 19, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report looks at inadequacies present in the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) which prevent the Center from adequately performing its duty. These inadequacies include issues with agency organization, lack of resources, and a focus on threats from Yemen over domestic threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Date: December 4, 2013
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: Cybersecurity vulnerabilities challenge governments, businesses, and individuals worldwide. Attacks have been initiated by individuals, as well as countries. Targets have included government networks, military defenses, companies, or political organizations, depending upon whether the attacker was seeking military intelligence, conducting diplomatic or industrial espionage, or intimidating political activists. This report provides links to selected authoritative resources related to cybersecurity issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic

Date: July 18, 2014
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides references to analytical reports on cybersecurity from CRS, other government agencies, trade associations, and interest groups. In addition, the report lists selected cybersecurity-related websites for congressional and government agencies, news, international organizations, and organizations or institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Risk and Needs Assessment in the Criminal Justice System

Risk and Needs Assessment in the Criminal Justice System

Date: October 13, 2015
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report provides information on the use of risk and needs assessment in the criminal justice system. It starts with an overview of risk and needs assessment and a discussion of some of the critiques of it. The report concludes with a discussion of the issues policymakers might consider if they debate legislation to expand the use of risk and needs assessment in the federal prison system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is Violent Crime in the United States Increasing?

Is Violent Crime in the United States Increasing?

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: Overall, homicide and violent crime rates have been trending downward for more than two decades, and both rates are at historic lows. An analysis comparing 2014 and 2015 homicide data from the nation's 60 most populous cities suggests that violent crime is not increasing. This report discusses several short-term factors that might help explain some of the reported upticks in violent crime across the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexico Security Cooperation Following "El Chapo" Guzmán's Escape

U.S.-Mexico Security Cooperation Following "El Chapo" Guzmán's Escape

Date: October 20, 2015
Creator: Beittel, June S. & Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report discusses U.S.-Mexican security cooperation in the wake of the escape of Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán on July 11, 2015, from a maximum security federal prison near Mexico City.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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