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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Market-Based Environmental Management: Issues in Implementation

Market-Based Environmental Management: Issues in Implementation

Date: March 7, 1994
Creator: Moore, John L.; Blodgett, John E.; Copeland, Claudia; Gushee, David E.; Mayer, Susan L.; McCarthy, James E. et al.
Description: Increasingly, efforts to protect integral features of the natural environment that are essential to human well being face a double challenge. First, the magnitude of some conventional and emerging threats to environmental quality is growing, despite solid progress in controlling some causes. This is particularly the concern on a global scale in terms of atmospheric changes and loss of biological diversity. Second, easily-implemented uniform control methods using feasible technologies or other direct regulatory approaches are already in place for many pollution and resource management problems in the United States. Additional progress with so-called command and control policies can be expensive and disruptive, and thus counter productive to overall economic well being. This type of dilemma is common where environmental deterioration results from diffuse and complex causes inherent in technically-advanced high-consumption industrial societies such as the U.S. Solutions to these types of environmental problems are complicated by the diffuse benefits which obscures the net gains of additional controls that have concentrated and highly visible costs. Given this double bind, many policy analysts and academics have for years advocated more cost-effective and flexible approaches relying on market forces to further some environmental management objectives. Although market-based theory and practical environmental policy are ...
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The Weatherization Assistance Program: A Fact Sheet

The Weatherization Assistance Program: A Fact Sheet

Date: December 8, 1999
Creator: Butler, Alice D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

Date: March 24, 1998
Creator: McCarthy, James E & Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: A rationale for federal financial support to Amtrak has been that rail service conserves energy, compared to other forms of intercity passenger transportation. The numbers discussed in this report suggest that the rationale might not be valid with regard to autos and buses. The report discusses some public policy implications that could follow from that conclusion.
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Amtrak and Energy Conservation in Intercity Passenger Transportation

Amtrak and Energy Conservation in Intercity Passenger Transportation

Date: September 3, 1996
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: A rationale for federal financial support to Amtrak has been that rail service conserves energy, compared to other forms of intercity passenger transportation. The numbers presented in this report suggest that the rationale might not be valid with regard to some alternative modes of transportation, and the report discusses some public policy implications that could follow from that conclusion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Power and the Year 2000 Computer Problem

Electric Power and the Year 2000 Computer Problem

Date: August 10, 1999
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: The North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) at the request of the Department of Energy is coordinating an effort to minimize the vulnerability of the nation's electric utility system to disruption resulting from computer failures as the date changes to January 1, 2000, the so-called Y2K computer problem. NERC now believes that the electric power industry would be able to reliably meet demand during the transition from 1999 to 2000 with the systems that are now Y2K ready. Nevertheless, at least 30% of the nation's utilities and 35% of the nation's nuclear power plants are not now expected to be Y2K ready until the last half of 1999.
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DOE Laboratory Restructuring Legislation

DOE Laboratory Restructuring Legislation

Date: December 4, 1996
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: Interest in restructuring (including eliminating) the Department of Energy (DOE) and its laboratories has increased since the end of the Cold War, and especially since the beginning of the 104th Congress. A number of non-legislative proposals and activities to this end are reviewed, including DOE's own proposals for "alignment and downsizing" of the Department and its laboratories.
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DOE Laboratory Restructuring Legislation in the 104th Congress

DOE Laboratory Restructuring Legislation in the 104th Congress

Date: March 14, 1997
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: Interest in restructuring (including eliminating) the Department of Energy (DOE) and its laboratories has increased since the end of the Cold War, and especially since the beginning of the 104th Congress. A number of non-legislative proposals and activities to this end are reviewed, including DOE's own proposals for "alignment and downsizing" of the Department and its laboratories.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy's Tritium Production Program

The Department of Energy's Tritium Production Program

Date: September 10, 1998
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E & Lau, Clifford
Description: Tritium is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen used to enhance the explosive yield of every thermonuclear weapon. Tritium has a radioactive decay rate of 5.5% per year and has not been produced in this country for weapons purposes since 1988.
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Restructuring Electricity Markets, Public Power, and Tax-Exempt Bonds: An Economic Analysis

Restructuring Electricity Markets, Public Power, and Tax-Exempt Bonds: An Economic Analysis

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Zimmerman, Dennis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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