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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher; Feickert, Andrew & Elias, Bartholomew
Description: Recent events have focused attention on the threat that terrorists with shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), referred to as Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS), pose to commercial airliners. This report discusses SAMs and examines options for mitigating missile threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Date: February 16, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Elias, Bartholomew
Description: Recent events have focused attention on the threat that terrorists with shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), referred to as Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS), pose to commercial airliners. This report discusses SAMs and examines options for mitigating missile threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and State Authority to Regulate Radioactive Waste Disposal and Transportation

Federal and State Authority to Regulate Radioactive Waste Disposal and Transportation

Date: May 11, 1982
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V
Description: There appears to be a growing controversy concerning whether a state has the authority to prevent the federal government from disposing of nuclear wastes within it and transporting nuclear wastes through it. Several states have statutes purporting to veto the federal government's action in these areas. This report investigates whether these state statutes may be unconstitutional and preempted by federal statutes and regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The General Motors-Toyota Joint Venture and Its Competitive Implications

The General Motors-Toyota Joint Venture and Its Competitive Implications

Date: July 13, 1983
Creator: Bass, Gwenell L
Description: This report reviews the economics of joint ventures by focusing on their implication for market competition. It also reviews the legislative history of mergers and joint ventures with special emphasis on aspects of the law that are directed at reducing market concentration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Date: March 1, 1983
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: Congress passed legislation late in 1982 that is expected to have a significant effect on the annual net earnings of independent truckers. About 90 percent of fresh produce, most used household goods, and from one-third to one-half of all fabricated steel and other commodities transported by truck are hauled by independent truckers. The legislation raised the Federal fuel tax by 5 cents per gallon and significantly raised a highway use tax that is based on the weight of the vehicle. The legislation also allowed truckers to use two trailers, longer and wider vehicles, and carry heavier loads. This CRS report discusses these 1982 changes in Federal legislation. It also contains an estimate of the upper and lower bound of the impact that these changes could have on the annual net earnings of independent truckers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FTC's Used Car Rule

The FTC's Used Car Rule

Date: October 14, 1983
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Description: This report discusses the Federal Trade Commission's (FTC) used car rule, which aims to prevent and discourage oral misrepresentations and deceptive omissions of material facts by those selling used cars concerning warranty coverage and mechanical condition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grain Transport: Modal Trends and Infrastructure Implications

Grain Transport: Modal Trends and Infrastructure Implications

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Frittelli, John f
Description: This report examines the grain-handling system and the infrastructure that supports it. The first part of the report briefly identifies transportation funding issues before Congress that are particularly relevant to grain shippers. The report then describes how grain is delivered to market, including long-term trends taking place and the underlying reasons for those trends. The final part identifies some of the implications these trends have for targeting future investment in the grain-handling system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Developments in International Civil Aviation

Legal Developments in International Civil Aviation

Date: January 30, 2006
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B
Description: This report provides background on U.S. civil aviation agreements, updates the current status of U.S. “Open Skies” negotiations with the EU, and addresses the status of the legal debate concerning both the foreign ownership and control rules and the cabotage laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Developments in International Civil Aviation

Legal Developments in International Civil Aviation

Date: August 25, 2006
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B
Description: This report provides background on U.S. civil aviation agreements, updates the current status of U.S. “Open Skies” negotiations with the EU, and addresses the status of the legal debate concerning both the foreign ownership and control rules and the cabotage laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. For FY2007, the Coast Guard is requesting a total of about $4.5 billion for missions defined in The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) as the Coast Guard’s homeland security missions. This equates to about 54% of the Coast Guard’s total requested FY2007 budget. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 12, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. For FY2007, the Coast Guard is requesting a total of about $4.5 billion for missions defined in The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) as the Coast Guard’s homeland security missions. This equates to about 54% of the Coast Guard’s total requested FY2007 budget. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. For FY2007, the Coast Guard is requesting a total of about $4.5 billion for missions defined in The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) as the Coast Guard’s homeland security missions. This equates to about 54% of the Coast Guard’s total requested FY2007 budget. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 12, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. For FY2007, the Coast Guard is requesting a total of about $4.5 billion for missions defined in The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) as the Coast Guard’s homeland security missions. This equates to about 54% of the Coast Guard’s total requested FY2007 budget. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Date: February 26, 2004
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: This report discusses significant legislative provisions in the two principal bills that are likely to be the subject of congressional discussion in the coming weeks and months to reauthorize federal highway, highway safety, and transit programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Role in Rail Transit Safety

The Federal Role in Rail Transit Safety

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Peterman, David Randall & Mallett, William J.
Description: On June 22, 2009, two transit trains in Washington, DC, collided, resulting in nine deaths and dozens of injuries. It was the worst crash in the history of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority's rail transit system. This crash has raised questions about the safety of rail transit and the government's role in ensuring that safety. Nationwide, rail transit is considered one of the safest modes of transportation. This report discusses the State Safety Oversight Program, which went into effect in 1997 and mandates that states are responsible for the safety of the rail transit systems within their borders. This report also explores several issues that Federal Transit Administration (FTA) representatives have discussed in regards to improving the Safety Oversight Program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Date: March 26, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Crime is ordinarily proscribed, tried, and punished according to the laws of the place where it occurs. American criminal law applies beyond the geographical confines of the United States, however, under certain limited circumstances. A surprising number of federal criminal statutes have extraterritorial application, but prosecutions have been few. This may be because when extraterritorial criminal jurisdiction does exist, practical and legal complications, and sometimes diplomatic considerations, may counsel against its exercise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General Motors' Initial Public Offering: Review of Issues and Implications for TARP

General Motors' Initial Public Offering: Review of Issues and Implications for TARP

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Canis, Bill; Webel, Baird & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report analyzes the progress General Motors Company has made since it was created from the sale of the bankrupt Old GM in July 2009 and the major issues related to its anticipated 2010 initial public offering (IPO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DOD Leases of Foreign-Built Ships: Background for Congress

DOD Leases of Foreign-Built Ships: Background for Congress

Date: September 28, 2010
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) in recent years has leased some foreign-built cargo ships for total periods, including options and renewals, of almost 10 years -- a length of time that some observers argue effectively circumvents a legal requirement that U.S. military ships be built in U.S. shipyards. These observers, particularly the American Shipbuilding Association (ASA), have proposed reducing the current five-year legal limit on ship leases to two years for foreign-built ships. DOD has opposed the idea, arguing that its ship leases are the most cost-effective way to meet its needs for the ships in question. This report briefly discusses this issue, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department