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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report is an introductory overview of the legal framework governing trade-related measures. The agreements and laws selected for discussion are those most-commonly implicated by U.S. trade interests, but there are U.S. trade laws and obligations beyond those reviewed in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Preferences: Economic Issues and Policy Options

Trade Preferences: Economic Issues and Policy Options

Date: February 24, 2011
Creator: Jones, Vivian C.; Hornbeck, J. F. & Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report discusses programs designed to foster growth in less developed countries, the major U.S. trade preference programs, their possible economic effects, stakeholder interests, and legislative options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Trade Organization (WTO) Decisions and Their Effect in U.S. Law

World Trade Organization (WTO) Decisions and Their Effect in U.S. Law

Date: February 4, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report looks at specific laws that have been affected by interactions between the Uruguay Round Agreements Act, the WTO, and domestic law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Trade and Economic Relations: Key Policy Issues for the 112th Congress

U.S.-EU Trade and Economic Relations: Key Policy Issues for the 112th Congress

Date: February 17, 2011
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: This report examines the trade relations between the United States, the European Union, and China.
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U.S. Food and Agricultural Imports: Safeguards and Selected Issues

U.S. Food and Agricultural Imports: Safeguards and Selected Issues

Date: April 16, 2008
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: The report provides background information in the increase of food and agricultural imports and federal oversight responsibilities. It discusses international trade considerations, import refusals by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), administration, and legislative proposals.
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U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

Date: February 24, 2011
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.-Mexico trade and economic trends, the Mexican economy, the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and major trade issues between the United States and Mexico.
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Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement and Potential Employment Effects: Analysis of Studies

Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement and Potential Employment Effects: Analysis of Studies

Date: February 28, 2011
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane & Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the free trade agreement between United States and South Korea, and the potential economic implications for both nations.
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The Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implications

The Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implications

Date: March 1, 2011
Creator: Cooper, William H.; Manyin, Mark E.; Jurenas, Remy & Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report is designed to assist Members of Congress as they consider the costs and benefits of the U.S.-South Korean Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA.). It examines the provisions of the KORUS FTA in the context of the overall U.S.-South Korean economic relationship, U.S. objectives, and South Korean objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pending U.S. and EU Free Trade Agreements with South Korea: Possible Implications for Automobile and Other Manufacturing Industries

Pending U.S. and EU Free Trade Agreements with South Korea: Possible Implications for Automobile and Other Manufacturing Industries

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report provides U.S. lawmakers with a comparison of the manufacturing components in the South Korea free trade agreement (KORUS) and the European Union and South Korea free trade agreement (KOREU FTA). Also included is a brief overview of the possible implications of the two pending FTAs on other selected industrial sectors affected by the FTAs: home appliances, consumer electronics, textiles and apparel, and pharmaceuticals and medical devices.
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Trade Preferences for Developing Countries and the World Trade Organization (WTO)

Trade Preferences for Developing Countries and the World Trade Organization (WTO)

Date: January 21, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report discusses the trade preferences and General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) most-favored-nation (MFN) requirements, World Trade Organization (WTO) waivers for preferential trade agreements, and WTO waivers for U.S. preference programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings in Vladivostok, Russia: A Preview

The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings in Vladivostok, Russia: A Preview

Date: August 16, 2012
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: Russia will host the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation's (APEC) week-long series of senior-level meetings in Vladivostok on September 2-9, 2012. The main event for the week will be the 20th APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting to be held September 8-9, 2012. This report looks at the main points of this meeting as they relate to the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chinese Tire Imports: Section 421 Safeguards and the World Trade Organization (WTO)

Chinese Tire Imports: Section 421 Safeguards and the World Trade Organization (WTO)

Date: August 24, 2012
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report discusses World Trade Organization (WTO) safeguards provisions contained in Article XIX of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the Agreement on Safeguards; the WTO China-specific safeguard and how it differs from preexisting WTO provisions; authorities and procedures set out in Section 421 of the Trade Act of 1974; the International Trade Commission (ITC) determination and the President's decision to provide relief in the 2009 China tires case; and China's WTO case against the U.S. tire safeguard.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade: Rules of Origin

International Trade: Rules of Origin

Date: January 11, 2011
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report deals with Rules of Origin (ROO) in three parts: [1] a detailed description of the reasons that country-of-origin rules are important with brief descriptions of U.S. laws and methods that provide direction in making these determinations; [2] a brief discussion of some of the more controversial issues involving rules of origin, including the apparently subjective nature of some CBP origin determinations, and the effects of the global manufacturing process on ROO; and [3] a description of some alternatives and options that Congress could consider that might assist in simplifying the process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Possible Entry Into the Trans-Pacific Partnership and Its Implications

Japan's Possible Entry Into the Trans-Pacific Partnership and Its Implications

Date: August 24, 2012
Creator: Cooper, William H. & Manyin, Mark E.
Description: This report discusses the effects of the possible entry of Japan to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations. The TPP issue presents both risks and opportunities for the United States and Japan. On the one hand, it could reinvigorate an economic relationship that has remained steady but stagnant, by forcing the two countries to address long-standing, difficult issues, and allowing them to raise their relationship to a higher level. On the other hand, failure to do so could indicate that the underlying problems are too fundamental to overcome and could set back the relationship.
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Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: October 15, 2012
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran and provides examples of companies and countries that conduct business with Iran, based on a wide range of open-source reporting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 2004-2011

Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 2004-2011

Date: August 24, 2012
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F. & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides Congress with official, unclassified, background data from U.S. government sources on transfers of conventional arms to developing nations by major suppliers for the period 2004 through 2011. All agreement and delivery data in this report for the United States are government-to-government Foreign Military Sales (FMS) transactions. Similar data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers by all suppliers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dispute Settlement in the World Trade Organization (WTO): An Overview

Dispute Settlement in the World Trade Organization (WTO): An Overview

Date: August 28, 2012
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report describes the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (DSU), which is the World Trade Organization's (WTO) means of resolving disputes arising under WTO agreements. The report includes criticisms of certain flaws in the DSU, as well as WTO Members' suggestions for improvement. The report also describes the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR), which represents the United States in WTO disputes, and discusses pieces of legislation that dictate procedures for specifically the United States in instances of WTO disputes.
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The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: September 26, 2012
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report gives a brief overview of P.L. 110-49, the Foreign Investment and National Security Act of 2007. Although both the President and Congress are directly involved in formulating the scope and direction of U.S. foreign investment policy, this law broadens Congress' oversight role; it also explicitly includes the areas of homeland security and critical infrastructure as separately-identifiable components of national security that the President must consider when evaluating the national security implications of a foreign investment transaction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Textile Manufacturing and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations

U.S. Textile Manufacturing and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations

Date: October 5, 2012
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report examines the potential implications of a prospective Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) on the U.S. textile manufacturing industry. The TFP is a proposed regional free trade agreement (FTA) currently under negotiation among 11 Pacific Rim countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

Date: October 19, 2012
Creator: Williams, Brock R. & Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: This report provides an overview of the current status, trends, and forecasts for U.S. import and export flows as well as certain trade balances. The purpose of this report is to provide current data and brief explanations for the various types of trade flows, along with a brief discussion of trends that help inform the discussion of the various policy issues mentioned above.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Trade Organization: The Non- Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) Negotiations

The World Trade Organization: The Non- Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) Negotiations

Date: January 11, 2011
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report looks at the evolution of the Doha Round World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations, possible effects of the Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) agreement, and major negotiating issues from a U.S. standpoint. NAMA refers to the cutting of tariff and non-tariff barriers (NTB) on industrial and primary products, basically all trade in goods which are not foodstuffs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: October 4, 2012
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report describes the open economy and society of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), as well as U.S. concern over proliferation of advanced technology due to the open economy and the UAE's lax export controls. It discusses these issues in relation to a recently-signed U.S.-UAE civilian nuclear agreement and also provides a general description of the UAE's government and political structure, as well as the effects of the recent global economic downturn on the UAE in general and on the city of Dubai in particular.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: September 13, 2012
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran and provides examples of companies and countries that conduct business with Iran, based on a wide range of open-source reporting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings in Vladivostok, Russia: Postscript

The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings in Vladivostok, Russia: Postscript

Date: November 19, 2012
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: Report that examines the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation's (APEC) week-long series of senior-level meetings in Vladivostok on September 2-9, 2012, as well as the role of Congress with respect to APEC, including appropriations necessary to finance APEC's secretariat and U.S. support of APEC activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department