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 Country: United States
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: The Federal Communications Commission adopted an order on June 2, 2003 that modified five of its media ownership rules and retained two others.1 The new rules will go into effect on September 4, 2003 – thirty days after their appearance in the Federal Register. Because of the potential that changes in these rules – which set limits on national television ownership, newspaper-broadcast and radio-television cross-ownership in a market, and ownership of multiple television or radio stations in a market – could have far-reaching effects, a number of bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress that reflect a range of positions on these issues. This report analyzes each of the areas that have changed as a result of the FCC action or may change as a result of congressional action. The various positions in the debate also are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

Date: September 17, 2003
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: The Federal Communications Commission adopted an order on June 2, 2003 that modified five of its media ownership rules and retained two others. The new rules were scheduled to go into effect on September 4, 2003, but the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit stayed implementation of the new rules pending adjudication of claims that the rules are unlawful. (Prometheus Radio Project v. FCC, 3rd Cir., No 03-3388, stay issued 9/3/03). Because of the potential that changes in these rules – which set limits on national television ownership, newspaper-broadcast and radio-television cross-ownership in a market, and ownership of multiple television or radio stations in a market – could have far-reaching effects, a number of bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress that reflect a range of positions on these issues. This report analyzes each of the areas that have changed as a result of the FCC action or may change as a result of congressional action. The various positions in the debate also are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Date: January 24, 2005
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report discusses proposals for international tsunami early warning systems and examines U.S. policy regarding tsunamis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

Date: May 28, 2002
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: Unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), also called “spam” or “junk e-mail,” aggravates many computer users. Not only can it be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique and protected by the First Amendment. Legislation to place limits on UCE was considered by the last two Congresses, but no bill cleared Congress. Several bills have been introduced in the 107th Congress. H.R. 718 was reported from the House Energy and Commerce Committee and the House Judiciary Committee (H. Rept. 107-41, Parts 1 and 2). The two versions are quite different. S. 630 was ordered reported from the Senate Commerce Committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

Date: April 15, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: Unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), also called “spam” or “junk e-mail,” aggravates many computer users. Not only can it be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique and protected by the First Amendment. Legislation to place limits on UCE was considered by the last three Congresses (105th-107th), but no federal law was enacted (27 states have anti-spam laws, however). Two bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress: S. 563 (Dayton) and S. 877 (Burns).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

Date: May 15, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: Unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), also called “spam” or “junk e-mail,” aggravates many computer users. Not only can spam be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Proponents of spam insist it is a legitimate marketing technique and protected by the First Amendment. While 27 states have anti-spam laws, there is no federal law. Four bills are pending in the 108th Congress: H.R. 1933, S. 563, S. 877, and S. 1052. (Spam on wireless devices such as cell phones is discussed in CRS Report RL31636.)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telemarketing: Dealing with Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Telemarketing: Dealing with Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Date: May 9, 2003
Creator: Riehl, James R
Description: This report provides summaries of the federal laws and regulations particular to telemarketing, the establishment of a national do-not-call registry, and the options that are available to consumers to limit the calls that they receive from telemarketers and to report questionable telemarketing practices to local or federal authorities. The report also lists sources of additional information with addresses, phone numbers, and Internet sites (if available).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telemarketing: Dealing with Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Telemarketing: Dealing with Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Date: June 30, 2003
Creator: Riehl, James R
Description: This report provides summaries of the federal laws and regulations particular to telemarketing, the establishment of a national do-not-call registry, and the options that are available to consumers to limit the calls that they receive from telemarketers and to report questionable telemarketing practices to local or federal authorities. The report also lists sources of additional information with addresses, phone numbers, and Internet sites (if available).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telemarketing: Dealing with Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Telemarketing: Dealing with Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Date: August 22, 2003
Creator: Riehl, James R
Description: This report provides summaries of the federal laws and regulations particular to telemarketing, the establishment of a national do-not-call registry, and the options that are available to consumers to limit the calls that they receive from telemarketers and to report questionable telemarketing practices to local or federal authorities. The report also lists sources of additional information with addresses, phone numbers, and Internet sites (if available).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telemarketing: Dealing with Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Telemarketing: Dealing with Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Date: October 9, 2003
Creator: Riehl, James R
Description: This report provides summaries of the federal laws and regulations particular to telemarketing, the establishment of a national do-not-call registry, and the options that are available to consumers to limit the calls that they receive from telemarketers and to report questionable telemarketing practices to local or federal authorities. The report also lists sources of additional information with addresses, phone numbers, and Internet sites (if available).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telemarketing: Dealing With Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Telemarketing: Dealing With Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Date: May 30, 2002
Creator: Riehl, James R
Description: This report provides summaries of the federal laws and regulations particular to telemarketing, the establishment of a national do-not-call registry, and the options that are available to consumers to limit the calls that they receive from telemarketers and to report questionable telemarketing practices to local or federal authorities. The report also lists sources of additional information with addresses, phone numbers, and Internet sites (if available).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telemarketing: Dealing With Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Telemarketing: Dealing With Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Date: October 8, 2002
Creator: Riehl, James R
Description: This report provides summaries of the federal laws and regulations particular to telemarketing, the establishment of a national do-not-call registry, and the options that are available to consumers to limit the calls that they receive from telemarketers and to report questionable telemarketing practices to local or federal authorities. The report also lists sources of additional information with addresses, phone numbers, and Internet sites (if available).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telemarketing: Dealing With Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Telemarketing: Dealing With Unwanted Telemarketing Calls

Date: December 30, 2002
Creator: Riehl, James R
Description: This report provides summaries of the federal laws and regulations particular to telemarketing, the establishment of a national do-not-call registry, and the options that are available to consumers to limit the calls that they receive from telemarketers and to report questionable telemarketing practices to local or federal authorities. The report also lists sources of additional information with addresses, phone numbers, and Internet sites (if available).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: November 25, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: This report discusses the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS, formerly SBIRS-Low), managed by the Missile Defense Agency, which performs missile tracking and target discrimination for missile defense objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Date: February 23, 2006
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report discusses proposals for international tsunami early warning systems and examines U.S. policy regarding tsunamis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spectrum Management: Auctions

Spectrum Management: Auctions

Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: This report discusses the radio frequency spectrum that is used for all forms of wireless communications, including cellular telephony, paging, personal communications service, radio and television broadcast, telephone radio relay, aeronautical and maritime radio navigation, and satellite command and control.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Government Access to Phone Calling Activity and Related Records: Legal Authorities

Government Access to Phone Calling Activity and Related Records: Legal Authorities

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B; Stevens, Gina Marie & Yeh, Brian T
Description: This report summarizes statutory authorities regarding access by the Government, for either foreign intelligence or law enforcement purposes, to information related to telephone calling patterns or practices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: An Overview of Key Technology Policy Issues Affecting Its Use and Growth

Internet: An Overview of Key Technology Policy Issues Affecting Its Use and Growth

Date: August 15, 2006
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.; Moteff, John D.; Gilroy, Angele A.; Seifert, Jeffrey W.; Moloney Figliola, Patricia & Tehan, Rita
Description: The continued growth of the Internet for personal, government, and business purposes may be affected by a number of technology policy issues being debated by Congress. Among them are access to and regulation of broadband (high-speed) Internet services, computer and Internet security, Internet privacy, the impact of “spam,” concerns about what children may encounter (such as pornography) when using the Internet, management of the Internet Domain Name System, and government information technology management. This report provides overviews of those issues, plus appendices providing a list of pending legislation, a list of acronyms, a discussion of legislation passed in earlier Congresses, and a list of other CRS reports that provide more detail on these and related topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Open Access Publishing and Citatation Archives: Background and Controversy

Open Access Publishing and Citatation Archives: Background and Controversy

Date: June 22, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J
Description: This report begins with an inventory of basic information: definitions and guides to histories of the growth of open access publishing and citation archives and descriptions of selected major open access activities. It moves on to summarize major points of difference between proponents and opponents of nongovernmental open access publishing and databases, and then highlights federal, including National Institutes of Health (NIH), open access activities and contentious issues surrounding these developments. The report also briefly describes open access developments in the United Kingdom (where a number of governmental and nongovernmental initiatives have occurred) and in the international arena. Finally, controversial issues which could receive attention in the 109th Congress are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FCC's "a la Carte" Reports

The FCC's "a la Carte" Reports

Date: March 30, 2006
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B
Description: The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has released two reports on a la carte pricing of cable television networks that reach contradictory conclusions. The purpose of this report is to explain how these two reports reached differing conclusions and to analyze the different assumptions and calculations used in each.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FCC's "a la Carte" Reports

The FCC's "a la Carte" Reports

Date: March 30, 2006
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B
Description: The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has released two reports on a la carte pricing of cable television networks that reach contradictory conclusions. The purpose of this report is to explain how these two reports reached differing conclusions and to analyze the different assumptions and calculations used in each.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fairness Doctorine: History and Constitutional Issues

Fairness Doctorine: History and Constitutional Issues

Date: January 12, 2009
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: The Fairness Doctrine was a policy of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC or Commission) that required broadcast licensees to cover issues of public importance and to do so in a fair manner. In 1987, after a period of study, the FCC repealed the Fairness Doctrine. The debate in Congress regarding whether to reinstate the doctrine continues today. This report covers the history of such debates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

Date: April 11, 2008
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: The report discusses the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-Related Congressional Actions in the 112th Congress. The policymakers, including some in Congress, have long called for varying degrees and types of reform to the FCC. Most proposals fall into two categories: (1) procedural changes made within the FCC or through congressional action that would affect the agency's operations or (2) substantive policy changes requiring congressional action that would affect how the agency regulates different services and industry sectors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and All-Hazard Warnings

The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and All-Hazard Warnings

Date: August 25, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report gives an overview of issues and legislation relating to the Emergency Alert System (EAS). It includes a discussion of the EAS administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather radios, all-hazard warning technology, proposals and programs, the executive order regarding the public alert and warning system and legislation from the 109th and 110th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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