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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5078/
U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5090/
The U.N. Law of the Sea Convention and the United States: Developments Since October 2003
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5998/
Deep Seabed Mining: U.S. Interests and the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea
On July 29, 1994, the United States signed the Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. This agreement substantially reforms the seabed mining provisions of the 1982 Convention, which the United States found objectionable. In signing the Agreement, President Clinton accepted provisional application of it which enables the United States to participate in the International Seabed Authority (ISA) and its organs and bodies. On November 16, 1994, the U.N. Law of the Sea Convention entered into force without accession by the United States.The treaty document was referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations late in the 103d Congress and awaits committee action in the 104th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs230/
Individual Transferable Quotas in Fishery Management
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Agreements to Promote Fishery Conservation and Management in International Waters
Declining fish populations threaten an important food source. Natural catastrophes, pollution, habitat destruction, and overfishing contribute to the depletion of fish stocks. Overexploitation of fishery resources often occurs when management allows expanding and increasingly efficient fishing fleets to continue harvesting dwindling supplies. Although prevalent, overexploitation is not universal and its extent varies among areas, species, and fisheries. This report discusses the issue of overfishing and its possible consequences, as well as domestic and international efforts to combat overfishing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs341/
Commercial Fishing: Economic Aid and Capacity Reduction
Both experience and economic models show that, in the absence of enforceable access or catch restrictions, competition among commercial fishermen results in an expansion of fishing capacity, and resultant fishing effort, beyond the sustainable limits of the fish population being pursued. The spiral of increasing effort and diminishing returns (i.e., rent dissipation) has helped to fuel increases in fish prices that reduce benefits to consumers and processors; has shifted many fish populations toward smaller, younger fish that typically command lower prices; and in many cases has reduced yields far below achievable levels. Congress has considered several approaches to address concerns about overcapitalization and excess capacity in the fishing industry. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs469/
Marine Dead Zones: Understanding the Problem
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 106th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3242/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5124/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5128/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5129/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5130/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5131/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5132/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5134/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5136/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5138/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5140/
Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act Reauthorization
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 105th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs742/
The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act: Reauthorization Issues for the 107th Congress
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Management of U.S. Fisheries for Highly Migratory Species
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Online News and Information Sources
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Ocean Dumping Act: A Summary of the Law
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Online News and Information Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5141/
Marine Protected Areas: An Overview
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Coastal Zone Management Reauthorization: An Overview
Congress is considering legislation that would reauthorize the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972. This overview summarizes the programs created by this act and its amendments, and outlines issues associated with reauthorization. These issues include reauthorizing funding, altering grant programs, changing the National Estuarine Research Reserve system, funding to implement nonpoint water pollution requirements, protecting private property rights, expanding program evaluation efforts, and examining effects of personal water craft on the coastal requirement. A reauthorization bill has been reported by the House Resources Committee (H.R. 2669, H. Rept. 106-485), and floor action is anticipated soon. In the Senate, no action has been taken. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1267/
Weapons of Mass Destruction Counterproliferation: Legal Issues for Ships and Aircraft
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5698/
The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6894/
The U.N. Law of the Sea Convention and the United States: Developments Since October 2003
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7227/
The U.N. Law of the Sea Convention and the United States: Developments Since October 2003
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7228/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7247/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7248/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7249/