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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate: Marine Mammal Issues

Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate: Marine Mammal Issues

Date: May 12, 1995
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: After global warming became a concern in the mid-1950s, researchers proposed measuring deep ocean temperatures to reveal any significant trends in core ocean warming. Acoustic thermometry can detect changes in ocean temperature by receiving low-frequency sounds transmitted across an ocean basin because the speed of sound is proportional to water temperature. Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate, or ATOC, is an international program involving 11 institutions in seven nations. It is designed as a 30-month "proof-of-concept" project to provide data on possible global climate change, with funding provided by the U.S. Department of Defense. A debate has arisen over ATOC's impact on marine mammals versus the benefits of better global warming information derived from ATOC. This report dicusses the ATOC program and related concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grants and Foundations: Selected Print, Electronic, and Internet Sources on Government and Private Funding

Grants and Foundations: Selected Print, Electronic, and Internet Sources on Government and Private Funding

Date: January 6, 1999
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Solar Summit: Launching the World Renewable Energy Program

World Solar Summit: Launching the World Renewable Energy Program

Date: August 1, 1996
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: The World Solar Summit and proposed World Solar Program 1996-2005 address energy problems through increased use of renewable energy technologies. The World Solar Commission will host the World Solar Summit in Harare, Zimbabwe, on September 16 and 17, 1996, and it will direct the World Solar Program 1996-2005. At the Summit, the Commission is expected to adopt a World Plan ofAction and a number of Strategic Projects. The proposed World Plan of Action includes a selection of high-priority renewable energy projects at the national or regional level to be implemented between 1996 and 2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fossil Energy Research and Development: Whither Coal?

Fossil Energy Research and Development: Whither Coal?

Date: November 20, 1996
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency: A New National Outlook?

Energy Efficiency: A New National Outlook?

Date: December 12, 1996
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: In 1992, the Nation spent $522 billion for energy ($1996 constant), while energy efficiency and conservation measures were saving the economy about $275 billion per year. Energy is conserved when technical means are employed to improve efficiency or to reduce energy waste. In 1996 constant dollars, conservation research and development (R&D) funding declined from $698 million in FY1979 to $198 million in FY1988 and then climbed to $486 million in FY1994, 31% below the FY1979 peak.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Risk Analysis and Risk Management in Environmental Protection

The Role of Risk Analysis and Risk Management in Environmental Protection

Date: December 13, 1996
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Department of Science and Technology: A Recurring Theme

A Department of Science and Technology: A Recurring Theme

Date: February 3, 1995
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: Consolidation of many Federal research and development (R&D) activities into a Department of Science and Technology (S&T) has been proposed repeatedly since World War D, including in the last Congress. The trend, however, has been toward the creation of mission agencies with supporting R&D capabilities. Analyses of arguments for and against consolidation indicate that valid reasons exist on both sides of the issue. Specific consolidation proposals may be considered again during the 104th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Indirect Costs at Academic Institutions: Background and Controversy

Indirect Costs at Academic Institutions: Background and Controversy

Date: January 3, 1997
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How to Find Information in a Library

How to Find Information in a Library

Date: March 25, 1998
Creator: Platt, Suzy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Human Embryo Research

Human Embryo Research

Date: January 29, 1998
Creator: Stith-Coleman, Irene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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