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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
International Food Aid: U.S. and Other Donor Contributions

International Food Aid: U.S. and Other Donor Contributions

Date: May 29, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E. & Canada, Carol
Description: The United States is the world's major provider of international food aid to low-income developing countries. This report provides three indicators of the U.S. contribution to global food aid: (1) shipments of major donors compiled by the International Grains Council, (2) U.S. contributions to the United Nations World Food Program (WFP), and (3) the U.S. commitment under the Food Aid Convention (FAC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to North Korea

U.S. Assistance to North Korea

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report summarizes U.S. assistance to the Democratic People's Republic of North Korea (DPRK, also known as North Korea). It will be updated periodically to track changes in U.S. provision of aid to North Korea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to North Korea

U.S. Assistance to North Korea

Date: July 31, 2008
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report summarizes U.S. assistance to the Democratic People's Republic of North Korea (DPRK, also known as North Korea). It will be updated periodically to track changes in U.S. provision of aid to North Korea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative

The Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative

Date: April 1, 2008
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: In Juen 2005, G8 finance ministers proposed the new Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI). The MDRI proposes to cancel debts of some of the world's poorest countries owed to the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and African Development Bank. This report discusses MDRI's implementation and raises some issues regarding debt relief's effectiveness as a form of foreign assistance for possible congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Cook, Colleen W. & Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: In October 2007, the United States and Mexico announced the Mérida Initiative, a multi-year proposal for $1.4 billion in U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America aimed at combating drug trafficking, gangs, and organized crime. This report outlines the various appropriations and other foreign aid measures outlined in the Mérida Initiative and what future actions regarding this ongoing effort will include.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Cook, Colleen W.; Rush, Rebecca G. & Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: In October 2007, the United States and Mexico announced the Mérida Initiative, a multi-year proposal for $1.4 billion in U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America aimed at combating drug trafficking, gangs, and organized crime. This report outlines the various appropriations and other foreign aid measures outlined in the Mérida Initiative and what future actions regarding this ongoing effort will include.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2006 provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces. Thus far, the Department of Defense (DOD) has used Section 1206 authority primarily to provide counterterrorism support. Section 1206 obligations totaled some $100 million in FY2006 and $279 million in FY2007. Obligations for FY2008 total almost $25 million as of May 20, 2008. Funds may only be obligated with the concurrence of the Secretary of State. This authority expires at the end of FY2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: Haiti faces several interrelated challenges, the most immediate being a lingering food crisis that in April 2008 led to deadly protests and the ouster of Haiti's prime minister. Haiti also suffers from a legacy of poverty, unemployment, and under-development that is compounding security problems for its new and fragile democracy. This report describes in detail the amount and types of emergency food aid and other relief aid that the United States has sent and will continue to send to Haiti. This report also outlines relevant pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Date: October 2, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: Haiti faces several interrelated challenges, the most immediate being a lingering food crisis that in April 2008 led to deadly protests and the ouster of Haiti's prime minister. Haiti also suffers from a legacy of poverty, unemployment, and under-development that is compounding security problems for its new and fragile democracy. This report describes in detail the amount and types of emergency food aid and other relief aid that the United States has sent and will continue to send to Haiti. This report also outlines relevant pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Food Aid Provisions

International Food Aid Provisions

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: Provision of U.S. agricultural commodities for emergency relief and economic development is the United States' major response to food security problems in developing countries. Title III in the omnibus farm bill enacted in June 2008, the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, reauthorizes and makes a number of changes in U.S. international food aid programs. Farm bill debate over U.S. food aid programs focused generally on how to make delivery of food aid more efficient and more effective. This report explores this and related legislation, as well as the areas of this ongoing and international issue that are continually debated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Health: Appropriations to USAID Programs from FY2001 through FY2008

Global Health: Appropriations to USAID Programs from FY2001 through FY2008

Date: July 8, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report details the funds Congress appropriated from FY2001 through FY2008 to the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) for global health programs. The report includes which key programs said appropriations supported and also discusses the role of other U.S. agencies and departments in this context, including the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: October 8, 2008
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: U.S. aid to the Palestinians has fluctuated considerably over the past three years, largely due to Hamas's changing role within the Palestinian Authority (PA). Since Hamas's forcible takeover of the Gaza Strip in June 2007, the U.S. has dramatically boosted aid levels to bolster the PA and President Mahmoud Abbas vis-à-vis Hamas. Because of congressional concerns that, among other things, U.S. funds might be diverted to Palestinian terrorist groups, much of this assistance is subject to legislative restrictions. Experts advise that PA stability hinges on, now more than ever, improved security, economic development, Israeli cooperation, and the continuation of high levels of foreign assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Post-Hurricane Conditions and Assistance

Haiti: Post-Hurricane Conditions and Assistance

Date: October 27, 2008
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: In August and September 2008, four major storms directly hit or passed close to Haiti, causing widespread devastation. As of early October, 2008, the U.S. government has either provided or pledged just over $30 million in humanitarian assistance to affected Haitian populations in response to the hurricanes in Haiti. Congress provided not less than $100 million for hurricane relief and reconstruction assistance for Haiti and other Caribbean countries in the FY2009 continuing appropriations resolution signed into law September 30, 2008. The Haitian government says it needs $400 million over the next 18 months for hurricane recovery and reconstruction, and that so far the international community has committed $145 million.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: November 7, 2008
Creator: Martin, Michael F. & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: Pakistan - a key U.S. ally in global efforts to combat Islamist militancy - is in urgent need of an estimated $4 billion in capital to avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. The elected government of President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani is seeking short-term financial assistance from a number of sources, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China, and an informal group of nations (including the United States) known as the "Friends of Pakistan." The current crisis has placed some strain on U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: November 21, 2008
Creator: Martin, Michael F. & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: Pakistan - a key U.S. ally in global efforts to combat Islamist militancy - is in urgent need of an estimated $4 billion in capital to avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. The Pakistani government is seeking short-term financial assistance from a number of sources, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China, and an informal group of nations (including the United States) known as the "Friends of Pakistan." The current crisis has placed some strain on U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: January 17, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses the recent development in different programs administered by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) with the goal to promote agricultural exports and to provide food aid. These programs include direct export subsidies, export market development, export credit guarantees, and foreign food aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Food Aid Provisions of the 2008 Farm Bill

International Food Aid Provisions of the 2008 Farm Bill

Date: July 10, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: The report discusses the international food aid provision (2008 Farm Bill) of U.S. agricultural commodities for emergency relief and economic development. This provision addresses the United States' major response to food security problems in developing countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honduran-U.S. Relations

Honduran-U.S. Relations

Date: January 30, 2008
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P. &
Description: This report examines current political and economic conditions in Honduras as well as issues in Honduran-U.S. relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS in Africa

AIDS in Africa

Date: February 2, 2008
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses the AIDS issues in Africa and the Bush administration call to double U.S. international funding for AIDS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afro-Latinos in Latin America and Considerations for U.S. Policy

Afro-Latinos in Latin America and Considerations for U.S. Policy

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Claire Ribando
Description: This report reviews and analyzes the situation, concerns, and activities of Afro-descendants in the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking nations of Latin America. It then discusses current U.S. foreign aid programs, as well as multilateral initiatives, that have directly or indirectly assisted Afro-Latinos. The report concludes with a discussion of potential policy options that have been proposed should the United States elect to provide further support for Afro-Latinos.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in U.S. Global AIDS Spending: FY2000-FY2008

Trends in U.S. Global AIDS Spending: FY2000-FY2008

Date: April 10, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report describes how HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria are interlinked and exacerbate efforts to control each disease, but primarily addresses funding issues related to U.S. global HIV/AIDS initiatives. It provides background information on the key U.S. agencies that implement global HIV/AIDS programs, analyzes U.S. spending on HIV/AIDS by U.S. agency and department, and presents some issues Congress might consider, particularly as debate on the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) reauthorization ensues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: October 17, 2008
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of Jordanian politics and current issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations. It provides a brief discussion of Jordan's government and economy and of its cooperation in promoting Arab-Israeli peace and other U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honduran-U.S. Relations

Honduran-U.S. Relations

Date: September 25, 2008
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P. & Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report examines current political and economic conditions in Honduras as well as issues in Honduran-U.S. relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to East and South Asia: Selected Recipients

U.S. Foreign Aid to East and South Asia: Selected Recipients

Date: May 16, 2008
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Description: This report analyzes annual budget justifications and legislation for foreign operations appropriations and discusses U.S. foreign aid trends, programs, and restrictions in 16 East Asian and South Asian countries. It does not cover aid to Pacific Island nations, North Korea, and Afghanistan. Country tables do not include assistance from U.S. State Department programs funded outside the foreign operations budget, such as educational and cultural exchange programs, and assistance from other departments and agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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