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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2005
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Item Veto and Expanded Impoundment Proposals

Item Veto and Expanded Impoundment Proposals

Date: July 18, 2005
Creator: McMurtry, Virginia A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Chief Justice of the United States: Responsibilities of the Office and Process for Appointment

The Chief Justice of the United States: Responsibilities of the Office and Process for Appointment

Date: March 17, 2005
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Tong, Lorraine H
Description: As part of Senate consideration, the Judiciary Committee holds hearings on the nominee and votes on whether to report the nomination favorably, unfavorably, or without recommendation. Regardless of the outcome of that vote, the reporting of a Supreme Court nomination sends it to the full Senate for debate and a vote. Like the President, Senators may evaluate the nominee by such standards as professional excellence, integrity, and leadership qualities, but may also (again, as the President is free to do) focus on the nominee's judicial philosophy, views on constitutional issues, or how they believe the appointment might affect the Court's future direction on major legal and constitutional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Succession: An Overview with Analysis of Legislation Proposed in the 109th Congress

Presidential Succession: An Overview with Analysis of Legislation Proposed in the 109th Congress

Date: June 29, 2005
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recess Appointments: A Legal Overview

Recess Appointments: A Legal Overview

Date: July 26, 2005
Creator: Halstead, T.J.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The NATO Summit at Prague, 2002

The NATO Summit at Prague, 2002

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Gallis, Paul E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas:  Overview of Internal and External Challenges

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas: Overview of Internal and External Challenges

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas: Overview of Internal and External Challenges

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas: Overview of Internal and External Challenges

Date: June 9, 2005
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: September 5, 2005
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: August 29, 2005
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: September 27, 2005
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Davis-Bacon Suspension and Its Legislative Aftermath

Davis-Bacon Suspension and Its Legislative Aftermath

Date: October 3, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: During the last week of August 2005, Hurricane Katrina gathered strength in the Atlantic and moved against the gulf states. On September 8, 2005, amid the devastation left in Katrina’s wake, President George W. Bush suspended the Davis-Bacon Act as it applies to certain jurisdictions in Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Although the President has the authority, under Section 6 of the Act, to render such suspensions during a national emergency, that authority has rarely been utilized.1 This report analyzes the legislative aftermath of the suspension.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Item Veto: Budgetary Savings

Item Veto: Budgetary Savings

Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Davis-Bacon Act: Suspension

The Davis-Bacon Act: Suspension

Date: September 26, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: The Davis-Bacon Act is one of several statutes that deals with federal government procurement. Enacted in 1931, Davis-Bacon requires, inter alia, that not less than the locally prevailing wage be paid to workers engaged in federal contract construction. This report reviews the several cases during which the Davis-Bacon Act was suspended and will likely be updated as developments make necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prevailing Wage Requirements and the Emergency Suspension of the Davis-Bacon Act

Prevailing Wage Requirements and the Emergency Suspension of the Davis-Bacon Act

Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Luckey, John R & Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam & Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proper Scope of Questioning of Supreme Court Nominees: The Current Debate

Proper Scope of Questioning of Supreme Court Nominees: The Current Debate

Date: September 1, 2005
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act: Legal Requirements for Federal and State Roles in Declarations of an Emergency or a Major Disaster

Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act: Legal Requirements for Federal and State Roles in Declarations of an Emergency or a Major Disaster

Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Item Veto and Expanded Impoundment Proposals

Item Veto and Expanded Impoundment Proposals

Date: September 26, 2005
Creator: McMurtry, Virginia A
Description: In recent years conflicting budget priorities and divided political control have accentuated the institutional tensions between the executive and legislative branches inherent in the federal budget process. President Bush, like his recent predecessors, has called for an item veto, or possibly expanded impoundment authority, to provide him with greater control over federal spending. This report provides a brief history of impoundment and discusses the debate surrounding the line item veto.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ocean Commissions: Ocean Policy Review and Outlook

Ocean Commissions: Ocean Policy Review and Outlook

Date: July 5, 2005
Creator: Justus, John R; Buck, Eugene H; Zinn, Jeffrey A & Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: American voters elect the President and Vice President of the United States under a complex arrangement of constitutional provisions, federal and state laws, and political party practices known as the electoral college system. Despite occasional close elections, this system has delivered uncontested results in 46 of 50 elections since adoption of the 12th Amendment, effective in 1804. Throughout this period, nevertheless, it has been the subject of persistent criticism and many reform proposals. Related measures fall into two basic categories: those that would eliminate the electoral college and substitute direct popular election of the President and Vice President, and those that would retain the existing system in some form and correct perceived defects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: American voters elect the President and Vice President of the United States under a complex arrangement of constitutional provisions, federal and state laws, and political party practices known as the electoral college system. Despite occasional close elections, this system has delivered uncontested results in 46 of 50 elections since adoption of the 12th Amendment, effective in 1804. Throughout this period, nevertheless, it has been the subject of persistent criticism and many reform proposals. Related measures fall into two basic categories: those that would eliminate the electoral college and substitute direct popular election of the President and Vice President, and those that would retain the existing system in some form and correct perceived defects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
9/11 Commission Recommendations: The Senate Confirmation Process for Presidential Nominees

9/11 Commission Recommendations: The Senate Confirmation Process for Presidential Nominees

Date: March 23, 2005
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: On July 22, 2004, the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, known as the 9/11 Commission, issued its final report, detailing the events up to and including the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks upon the United States. The 9/11 Commission recommended that the Senate adopt rules requiring hearings and votes to confirm or reject national security nominees within 30 days of their submission at the start of each new presidential administration. Implementing the commission's proposal would involve imposing new restrictions on both the power of committee chairs to control the agenda of their committees and the rights of Senators to delay or block nominations through holds and extended debate. This report discusses in detail this proposal, how it could be implemented, and the potential effects of its implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: American voters elect the President and Vice President of the United States under a complex arrangement of constitutional provisions, federal and state laws, and political party practices known as the electoral college system. Despite occasional close elections, this system has delivered uncontested results in 46 of 50 elections since adoption of the 12th Amendment, effective in 1804. Throughout this period, nevertheless, it has been the subject of persistent criticism and many reform proposals. Related measures fall into two basic categories: those that would eliminate the electoral college and substitute direct popular election of the President and Vice President, and those that would retain the existing system in some form and correct perceived defects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department