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 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: October 27, 2004
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discuses lumber imports from Canada and provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events.
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Argentina's Sovereign Debt Restructuring

Argentina's Sovereign Debt Restructuring

Date: October 19, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: The U.S. Congress has held numerous hearings to evaluate the causes and ongoing repercussions of Argentina’s financial crisis. This report analyzes Argentina’s debt situation in support of this interest and will be updated periodically.
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Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule

Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule

Date: March 10, 2004
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report discusses the issue facing Congress on whether to continue to support the executive branch’s prosecution of medical marijuana patients and their providers, in accordance with marijuana’s status as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, or whether to relax federal marijuana prohibition enough to permit the medical use of botanical cannabis products by seriously ill persons, especially in states that have created medical marijuana programs under state law.
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Prescription Drug Importation and Internet Sales: A Legal Overview

Prescription Drug Importation and Internet Sales: A Legal Overview

Date: January 8, 2004
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
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Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Date: November 15, 2004
Creator: Makinen, Gail
Description: This report contains information regarding the Current Economic Conditions, Recent Macroeconomic Developments, Posture of Monetary and Fiscal Policy, Summary of Current Developments, Sources of GDP Growth, Economic Forecasts 2001, and Promotion of Economic Growth. The report also presents statistics regarding the Growth Rate of Real GDP v. Final Sales, Civilian Unemployment Rate, Rate of Change in the Consumer Price Index, Rate of Change in the GDP Deflators, Rate of Change in Labor Costs, U.S. Foreign Trade Deficit, Alternative Measures of Fiscal Policy, The Growth Rates of the Monetary Aggregates, etc.
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The U.S. Trade Deficit: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

The U.S. Trade Deficit: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Date: August 12, 2004
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: March 29, 2004
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
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Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Date: March 29, 2004
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A & Kruger, Lennard G
Description: From a public policy perspective, the goals are to ensure that broadband deployment is timely, that industry competes fairly, and that service is provided to all sectors and geographical locations of American society. The federal government -- through Congress and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) -- is seeking to ensure fair competition among the players so that broadband will be available and affordable in a timely manner to all Americans who want it. While the FCC's position is not to intervene at this time, some assert that legislation is necessary to ensure fair competition and timely broadband deployment. One proposal would ease certain legal restrictions and requirements, imposed by the Telecommunications Act of 1996, on incumbent telephone companies who provide high speed data (broadband) access. Another proposal would compel cable companies to provide "open access" to competing Internet service providers.
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Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Date: October 27, 2004
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A & Kruger, Lennard G
Description: From a public policy perspective, the goals are to ensure that broadband deployment is timely, that industry competes fairly, and that service is provided to all sectors and geographical locations of American society. The federal government -- through Congress and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) -- is seeking to ensure fair competition among the players so that broadband will be available and affordable in a timely manner to all Americans who want it. While the FCC's position is not to intervene at this time, some assert that legislation is necessary to ensure fair competition and timely broadband deployment. One proposal would ease certain legal restrictions and requirements, imposed by the Telecommunications Act of 1996, on incumbent telephone companies who provide high speed data (broadband) access. Another proposal would compel cable companies to provide "open access" to competing Internet service providers.
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Regulation of Broadcast Indecency: Background and Legal Analysis

Regulation of Broadcast Indecency: Background and Legal Analysis

Date: March 5, 2004
Creator: Welborn, Angie A & Cohen, Henry
Description: None
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Iraq's Trade with the World: Data and Analysis

Iraq's Trade with the World: Data and Analysis

Date: September 23, 2004
Creator: Jones, Vivian C
Description: None
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Overtime Pay: The Department of Labor Initiative and Congressional Response (2003-2004)

Overtime Pay: The Department of Labor Initiative and Congressional Response (2003-2004)

Date: September 30, 2004
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: None
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Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Date: February 17, 2004
Creator: Makinen, Gail
Description: This report begins with a comprehensive presentation of current economic conditions focusing on income growth, unemployment, and inflation. The posture of monetary and fiscal policy is surveyed as are the forecasts of economic activity. It concludes with data on the factors important for economic growth.
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U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

Date: August 18, 2004
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Lum, Thomas
Description: None
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U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

Date: November 24, 2004
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Lum, Thomas
Description: None
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Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Markets in Transition: Implications for U.S. Supply and Price

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Markets in Transition: Implications for U.S. Supply and Price

Date: June 24, 2004
Creator: Pirog, Robert L
Description: None
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U.S. Terms of Trade: Significance, Trends, and Policy

U.S. Terms of Trade: Significance, Trends, and Policy

Date: September 15, 2004
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
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9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs

9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs

Date: October 5, 2004
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: The 9/11 attacks were part of Al Qaeda’s strategy to disrupt Western economies and impose both direct and secondary costs on the United States and other nations. The immediate costs were the physical damage, loss of lives and earnings, slower world economic growth, and capital losses on stock markets. Indirect costs include higher insurance and shipping fees, diversion of time and resources away from enhancing productivity to protecting and insuring property, public loss of confidence, and reduced demand for travel and tourism. In a broader sense, the 9/11 attacks led to the invasions and occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq (and the Global War on Terrorism) and perhaps emboldened terrorists to attack in Bali, Spain, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia. A policy question for Congress is how to evaluate the costs and benefits of further spending to counter terrorism and its economic impact.
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China's Economic Conditions

China's Economic Conditions

Date: December 14, 2004
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: China’s economy remained relatively healthy in 2002, despite economic slowdowns in other parts of the world. Foreign investment continued to pour into China, and the Chinese government effectively used public spending to boost the economy. However, painful economic reforms will be necessary to keep the economic strong in 2003 and beyond. The recent outbreak in early 2003 of a very contagious virus called SevereAcuteRespiratory Syndrome (SARS) in China appears to have had a short-term negative impact on the Chinese economy.
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FDA Regulation of Tobacco Products: A Policy and Legal Analysis

FDA Regulation of Tobacco Products: A Policy and Legal Analysis

Date: December 3, 2004
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Feder, Jody
Description: This report examines the legislative debate over giving FDA the authority to regulate tobacco products and provides some analysis of S. 2461/H.R. 4433. It begins with an overview of the FDA’s 1996 tobacco rule that includes a summary of the agency’s arguments for asserting jurisdiction over tobacco products. That is followed by an analysis of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in FDA v. Brown & Williamson, which overturned the FDA tobacco rule. The report then reviews the 1997 proposed national tobacco settlement, which would have codified the FDA rule and given the agency explicit authority to regulate tobacco products as medical devices. It includes a discussion of the FDA provisions in the McCain tobacco bill, which was introduced and debated in the 105th Congress in an attempt to implement the proposed settlement. The final section of the report summarizes the provisions in S. 2461/H.R. 4433 and discusses some of the key issues, including preemption and the regulation of reduced-risk products.
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Clean Air and New Source Review: Defining Routine Maintenance

Clean Air and New Source Review: Defining Routine Maintenance

Date: January 14, 2004
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) final rule on clarifying the definition of routine maintenance under its New Source Review (NSR) process exempts industrial facilities from undergoing NSR if they are replacing safety, reliability, and efficiency rated components with new, functionally equivalent equipment and if the cost of the replacement components is under 20 percent of the replacement value of the process unit.
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Legal Analysis and Background on the EPA's Proposed Rules for Regulating Mercury Emissions from Electric Utilities

Legal Analysis and Background on the EPA's Proposed Rules for Regulating Mercury Emissions from Electric Utilities

Date: May 10, 2004
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
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Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Date: January 21, 2004
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A & Kruger, Lennard G
Description: From a public policy perspective, the goals are to ensure that broadband deployment is timely, that industry competes fairly, and that service is provided to all sectors and geographical locations of American society. The federal government -- through Congress and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) -- is seeking to ensure fair competition among the players so that broadband will be available and affordable in a timely manner to all Americans who want it. While the FCC's position is not to intervene at this time, some assert that legislation is necessary to ensure fair competition and timely broadband deployment. One proposal would ease certain legal restrictions and requirements, imposed by the Telecommunications Act of 1996, on incumbent telephone companies who provide high speed data (broadband) access. Another proposal would compel cable companies to provide "open access" to competing Internet service providers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Average Farm Subsidy Payments, by State, 2002

Average Farm Subsidy Payments, by State, 2002

Date: September 16, 2004
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: The U.S. Department of Agriculture makes direct subsidy payments through the Commodity Credit Corporation to farmers for commodity price and income support, certain conservation and environmental activities, and some disaster losses. In 2002, these direct farm subsidy payments amounted to $12.151 billion. This report examines the distribution of these payments among states, calculates the average size of payments going to recipient farms in each state, and distinguishes between payments received by farm operators and landlords. This information is intended to aid in policy debates about subsidizing some farms but not others, changing per-person payment limits, and the altering eligibility rules for landlords to receive payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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