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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Date: October 18, 1974
Creator: Holcomb, Morrigene
Description: The proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was first introduced in 1923, and was passed by the Congress in 1972. In 1978, Congress extended the original deadline for ratification of the ERA. Thus, if it receives approval in the form of ratification by 38 States before June 30, 1982, the measure will become the 27th Amendment to the Constitution, and will require equal treatment under Federal and State laws and practices for all persons, regardless of sex.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

Date: June 5, 2001
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

Date: April 21, 2003
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

Immigration Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

Date: April 10, 2012
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report describes how the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) provisions work in practice. It discusses improvements suggested by immigration attorneys and law enforcement observers to increase the utilization of VAWA provisions by abused foreign nationals as well as ways to reduce immigration fraud. The report closes with possible immigration-related issues that Congress may choose to consider should it reauthorize VAWA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations System Efforts to Address Violence Against Women

United Nations System Efforts to Address Violence Against Women

Date: July 12, 2011
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides an overview of recent U.N. efforts to address violence against women (VAW) and highlights key U.N. interagency efforts. It also discusses selected U.N. funds, programs, and agencies that address international violence against women. It does not assess the extent to which VAW is directly addressed or is part of a larger initiative or program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Male-Female Wage Gap: A Fact Sheet

The Male-Female Wage Gap: A Fact Sheet

Date: December 12, 2000
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations System Efforts to Address Violence Against Women

United Nations System Efforts to Address Violence Against Women

Date: April 21, 2011
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides an overview of recent U.N. efforts to address VAW and highlights key U.N. interagency efforts. It also discusses selected U.N. funds, programs, and agencies that address international violence against women. It does not assess the extent to which VAW is directly addressed or is part of a larger initiative or program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Violence Against Women: U.S. Response and Policy Issues

International Violence Against Women: U.S. Response and Policy Issues

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa; Margesson, Rhoda; Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji; Serafino, Nina M. & Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: This report addresses causes, prevalence, and consequences of violence against women. It provides examples of completed and ongoing U.S. activities that address VAW directly or include anti-VAW components. It outlines possible policy issues for the 112th Congress, including the scope and effectiveness of U.S. programs in addressing international VAW; further integrating anti-VAW programs into U.S. assistance and foreign policy mechanisms; U.S. funding for anti-VAW activities worldwide, particularly in light of the global financial crisis, economic recession, and subsequent calls to reduce the U.S. budget deficit; and strengthening U.S. government coordination of anti-VAW activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011

Date: March 18, 2011
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Smelcer, Susan Navarro
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 274 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the Armed Forces

Women in the Armed Forces

Date: September 29, 1998
Creator: Burrelli, David F
Description: Women have become an integral part of the armed forces, but they are excluded from most combat jobs. Several issues remain. One is whether to reduce, maintain, or expand the number of women in the services as the total forces are being reduced. A second question is to what extent women should continue to be excluded from some combat positions by policy. Would national security be jeopardized or enhanced by increasing reliance on women in the armed forces? Should women have equal opportunities and responsibilities in national defense? Or do role and physical differences between the sexes, the protection of future generations, and other social norms require limiting the assignments of women in the armed forces? Opinion in the United States is deeply divided on the fundamental issues involved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department