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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Affirmative Action Revisited: A Legal History and Prospectus

Affirmative Action Revisited: A Legal History and Prospectus

Date: December 15, 2004
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Description: Affirmative action remains a focal point of public debate as the result of legal and political developments at the federal, state, and local levels. This report discusses legislation related to affirmative action, as well as legal rulings on the topic and the federal government's role in first establishing and, later, attempting to curb affirmative action policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Katrina Relief: U.S. Labor Department Exemption of Contractors from Written Affirmative Action Requirements

Katrina Relief: U.S. Labor Department Exemption of Contractors from Written Affirmative Action Requirements

Date: September 27, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reform: TANF Activities to Reduce Nonmarital Pregnancy

Welfare Reform: TANF Activities to Reduce Nonmarital Pregnancy

Date: December 18, 2001
Creator: Ehrhardt, Britt & Spar, Karen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agency Enforcement of the Prohibition Against Sex Discrimination Mandated by Title IX and EO 13160

Agency Enforcement of the Prohibition Against Sex Discrimination Mandated by Title IX and EO 13160

Date: October 28, 2002
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides a summary of the federal agencies’ enforcement of and compliance with the prohibition against sex discrimination mandated by Title IX and Executive Order 13160. Specifically, this report discusses the implementation of regulations and procedures for enforcing the Title IX compliance of grant recipients and for enforcing the compliance of the federal agencies themselves with President Clinton’s Executive Order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rothe Development Corporation v. Department of Defense: The Constitutionality of Federal Contracting Programs for Minority-Owned and Other Small Businesses

Rothe Development Corporation v. Department of Defense: The Constitutionality of Federal Contracting Programs for Minority-Owned and Other Small Businesses

Date: March 16, 2009
Creator: Feder, Jody & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses Rothe Development Corporation v. Department of Defense, a case involving a constitutional challenge to a minority contracting program authorized under Section 1207 of the Department of Defense (DOD) Authorization Act of 1987. This program allowed DOD to take 10% off the price of bids or offers submitted by "small disadvantaged businesses" in determining which bid or offer had the lowest price or represented the best value for the government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Welfare, Work and the Economic Well-Being of Female-Headed Families with Children: 1987-2000

Trends in Welfare, Work and the Economic Well-Being of Female-Headed Families with Children: 1987-2000

Date: December 21, 2001
Creator: Gabe, Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Equal Rights Amendments: State Provisions

Equal Rights Amendments: State Provisions

Date: August 23, 2004
Creator: Gladstone, Leslie W
Description: Twenty states adopted state equal rights amendments between 1879 and 1998. The texts of most of these amendments either are similar to the proposed federal amendment or restate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. The timing of the enactment of these state amendments and the choice of wording reflect both the ebb and flow of the women's movement in the United States and the political culture of the particular states at the time of passage. A brief history of the women's rights movement as it relates to the passage of state equal rights amendments is included. The report ends with the text and the date of enactment of each amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Judge Sonia Sotomayor: Analysis of Selected Opinions

Judge Sonia Sotomayor: Analysis of Selected Opinions

Date: June 19, 2009
Creator: Henning, Anna C. & Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report provides an analysis of selected opinions authored by Judge Sotomayor during her tenure as a judge on the Second Circuit. Discussions of the selected opinions are grouped according to various topics of legal significance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy

Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy

Date: May 24, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Kuwaiti leaders peacefully resolved a succession crisis that erupted following the January 15, 2006 death of its long-ruling Amir. However, a new crisis erupted in May 2006 over the structure of the next parliamentary elections, prompting a dissolution of the existing parliament and scheduling of new elections for June 29, 2006. Women will be able to run and to vote.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Female Genital Mutilation as Persecution: When Can It Constitute a Basis for Asylum and Withholding of Removal?

Female Genital Mutilation as Persecution: When Can It Constitute a Basis for Asylum and Withholding of Removal?

Date: July 22, 2008
Creator: Kim, Yule
Description: This report first explores the basic statutory and regulatory framework that governs refugee law. This entails an outline of the requirements an applicant must meet in order to qualify as a refugee, a discussion about the differences between the two main forms of relief for aliens facing removal from the United States, asylum and withholding of removal, and an examination of several important issues and controversies concerning this particular area of refugee law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Female Genital Mutilation as Persecution: When Can It Constitute a Basis for Asylum and Withholding of Removal?

Female Genital Mutilation as Persecution: When Can It Constitute a Basis for Asylum and Withholding of Removal?

Date: October 10, 2008
Creator: Kim, Yule
Description: This report explores the basic statutory and regulatory framework that governs asylum law. This entails an outline of the requirements an applicant must meet in order to obtain relief under asylum law and a discussion about the differences between the two main forms of relief for aliens facing removal from the United States: asylum and withholding of removal. It will then examine several important issues and controversies concerning female genital mutilation (FGM) and its effect on asylum law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Date: August 6, 2008
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the inception of the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) program in the FY2001 National Defense Authorization Act, as well as current supplemental legislation and proposed funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violence Against Women Act: History and Federal Funding

Violence Against Women Act: History and Federal Funding

Date: March 18, 2005
Creator: Laney, Garrine P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violence Against Women Act: History, Federal Funding, and Reauthorizing Legislation

Violence Against Women Act: History, Federal Funding, and Reauthorizing Legislation

Date: March 19, 2003
Creator: Laney, Garrine P & Siskin, Alison
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violence Against Women Act: History and Federal Funding

Violence Against Women Act: History and Federal Funding

Date: August 7, 2008
Creator: Laney, Garrine P.
Description: This report provides a brief legislative history of Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) and an overview of the crimes addressed through VAWA. The report concludes with a brief description of the most recent reauthorization of VAWA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violence Against Women Act: History and Federal Funding

Violence Against Women Act: History and Federal Funding

Date: July 16, 2008
Creator: Laney, Garrine P.
Description: This report provides a brief legislative history of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) and an overview of the crimes addressed through VAWA. It concludes with a brief description of the most recent reauthorization of VAWA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violence Against Women Act: History and Federal Funding

Violence Against Women Act: History and Federal Funding

Date: December 1, 2005
Creator: Laney, Garrine P.
Description: This report provides a brief legislative history of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) and an overview of the crimes addressed through VAWA. It concludes with a brief description of the most recent reauthorization of VAWA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violence Against Women Act: History, Federal Funding, and Reauthorizing Legislation

Violence Against Women Act: History, Federal Funding, and Reauthorizing Legislation

Date: July 15, 2004
Creator: Laney, Garrine P.
Description: This report discusses the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 2000 which reauthorized most of the original act’s programs and created new grant programs to prevent sexual assaults on campuses, assist victims of violence with civil legal concerns, create transitional housing for victims of domestic abuse (administered by HHS), and enhance protections for elderly and disabled victims of domestic violence. VAWA 2000, also, created a pilot program for safe custody exchange for families of domestic violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violence Against Women Office: Background and Current Issues

Violence Against Women Office: Background and Current Issues

Date: April 2, 2003
Creator: Laney, Garrine P.
Description: This report discusses issues regarding the Violence Against Women Office (VAWO), which was created in 1995 to address legal and policy issues concerning violence against women.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

Date: June 5, 2001
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

Date: April 21, 2003
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

Date: December 20, 2004
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report examines the trend in the male-female wage gap and the explanations offered for its existence. Remedies proposed for the gender wage gap's amelioration are addressed, with an in-depth focus on the comparable worth approach to achieving "pay equity" or "fair pay" between women and men.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Male-Female Wage Gap: A Fact Sheet

The Male-Female Wage Gap: A Fact Sheet

Date: December 12, 2000
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Date: December 23, 2009
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 260 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department