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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Feder, Jody & Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report begins by presenting data on earnings for male and female workers and by discussing explanations that have been offered for the differences in earnings. It next discusses the major laws directed at eliminating sex-based wage discrimination as well as relevant federal court cases. The report closes with a description of pay equity legislation that has been considered or enacted by Congress in recent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sex Discrimination and the United States Supreme Court: Developments in the Law

Sex Discrimination and the United States Supreme Court: Developments in the Law

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report focuses on sex discrimination challenges based on: the equal protection guarantees of the Fourteenth and Fifth Amendments; the prohibition against employment discrimination contained in Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; and the prohibition against sex discrimination in education contained in Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. Although this report focuses on recent legal developments in each of these areas, it also provides historical context by discussing selected landmark sex discrimination cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diversity, Inclusion, and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services: Background and Issues for Congress

Diversity, Inclusion, and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 23, 2015
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report starts by giving an overview of recent research on diversity and organizational management. The next sections outline DOD's military personnel policies, processes and organizational structure for managing diversity, inclusion, and equal opportunity. Finally, the report examines how the concept of diversity and inclusion has evolved over the history of the Armed Forces and addresses some of the current legislative and policy issues related to diversity in the Armed Forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in Combat: Issues for Congress

Women in Combat: Issues for Congress

Date: September 1, 2015
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report looks at the history of women in US military roles and combat since the 1990s. It also discusses critic's views of exclusionary policy as a civil rights issue. Over the past two decades of conflict, women have served with valor and continue to serve on combat aircraft, naval vessels, and in support of ground combat operations. The expansion of roles for women in the armed forces has evolved since the early days of the military when women were restricted by law and policy from serving in certain occupations and units.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in Combat: Issues for Congress

Women in Combat: Issues for Congress

Date: August 18, 2015
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report looks at the history of women in U.S. military roles and combat, and discusses key policy issues for Congress to consider including "gender-neutral" standards and selective service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Efforts to Address Global Violence Against Women

U.S. Efforts to Address Global Violence Against Women

Date: July 30, 2015
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report briefly examines legislative issues regarding Violence against women, which includes random acts of violence as well as sustained abuse over time, can be physical, psychological, or sexual in nature.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in Combat: Issues for Congress

Women in Combat: Issues for Congress

Date: July 14, 2015
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report looks at the history of women in US military roles and combat since the 1990's. It also discusses critic's views of exclusionary policy as a civil rights issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Women in Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Date: April 29, 2015
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Brudnick, Ida A. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Description: This report discusses the impact of women in Congress and historical information, such as the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African-American and Asian-Pacific American women in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in Congress, 1917-2015: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Women in Congress, 1917-2015: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Date: April 27, 2015
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes biographical information, including the names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 313 women who have been elected or appointed to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Date: November 24, 2014
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 113th Congress (2013-2014). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare, Work, and Poverty Status of Female- Headed Families with Children: 1987-2013

Welfare, Work, and Poverty Status of Female- Headed Families with Children: 1987-2013

Date: November 21, 2014
Creator: Gabe, Thomas
Description: The report focuses on welfare dependency and work engagement among single mothers, a major dynamic that welfare reform and accompanying policy changes have attempted to affect. It also examines the role of programs other than Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in providing support to single female-headed families with children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Womenomics" in Japan: In Brief

"Womenomics" in Japan: In Brief

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report briefly discusses Japan's Gender Gap and the Japanese government's current strategies to help women stay and advance in the workplace as a means of improving the economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Date: July 14, 2014
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 113th Congress (2013-2014). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Date: July 14, 2014
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 113th Congress (2013-2014). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Date: March 14, 2014
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 113th Congress (2013-2014). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Date: February 18, 2014
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report discusses the impact of women in Congress and historical information, such as the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African-American and Asian-Pacific American women in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes biographical information, including the names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 297 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes a discussion of the impact of women in Congress as well as historical information, including the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African American and Asian Pacific American women in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Date: November 22, 2013
Creator: Collins, Benjamin & Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses pay equity litigation, including Wal-Mart Stores v. Dukes, a case in which the Supreme Court rejected class action status for current and former female Wal-Mart employees who allege that the company has engaged in pay discrimination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Date: October 31, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 113th Congress (2013-2014). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Date: September 26, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes biographical information, including the names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 297 women who have served in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Date: September 26, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes a discussion of the impact of women in Congress as well as historical information, including the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African American and Asian Pacific American women in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Date: August 5, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 113th Congress (2013-2014). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Sexual Assault: Chronology of Activity in Congress and Related Resources

Military Sexual Assault: Chronology of Activity in Congress and Related Resources

Date: July 30, 2013
Creator: Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Description: Report that focuses on activity in Congress regarding recent high profile incidents of sexual assault in the military. Included are separate sections on the official responses related to these incidents by the Department of Defense (DOD), the Administration, and Congress including legislation in the 113th Congress. The last section is a resource guide for sources in this report and related materials on sexual assault and prevention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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