You limited your search to:

 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trends in Poverty in the United States

Trends in Poverty in the United States

Date: September 6, 2005
Creator: Gabe, Thomas
Description: This report discusses trends in poverty in the United States. In 2004, 37 million people were found poor under the official poverty definition — a 1.1 million increase from 2003. The poverty rate, or percent of the population considered poor, increased for the fourth straight year, to 12.7% in 2004 — up from 12.5% in 2003, and 11.3% in 2000, its most recent low.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: September 5, 2002
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform legislation) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000 or 2001. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 107th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reauthorization in the 109th Congress: An Overview

Welfare Reauthorization in the 109th Congress: An Overview

Date: January 23, 2007
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discuses the welfare re-authorization legislation, Enactment of the Deficit Reduction Act (DRA) of 2005, the program operated under a series of 12 “temporary extension” measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: Federal support for child care comes in many forms, ranging from grant programs to tax provisions. Some programs serve as specifically dedicated funding sources for child care services (e.g., the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG)), while for others (e.g., Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)), child care is just one of many purposes for which funds may be used. This report discusses budget proposals in areas related to child care and early childhood development in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans and Homelessness

Veterans and Homelessness

Date: May 9, 2011
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Homeless veterans initially came to the country’s attention in the 1970s and 1980s, when homelessness generally was becoming a more prevalent and noticeable phenomenon. This report defines the term “homeless veteran,” discusses attempts to estimate the number of veterans who are homeless, and presents the results of studies regarding the demographic characteristics of homeless veterans as well as those served in VA homeless programs. The second section of this report summarizes the available research regarding the overrepresentation of both male and female veterans, who have been found to be present in greater percentages in the homeless population than their percentages in the general population. The third section of this report discusses programs to fund services and transitional housing specifically for homeless veterans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid Reimbursement Policy

Medicaid Reimbursement Policy

Date: November 2, 2004
Creator: Merlis, Mark
Description: This report begins with a summary of basic federal requirements applicable to payments for all services and an overview of major developments in federal Medicaid reimbursement policy over the last 20 years. This overview provides a historical context for current policies and highlights some issues that have been perennial concerns for federal and state policymakers. The next four sections of the report provide a detailed discussion of Medicaid reimbursement for four basic categories of services or providers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The ACA Medicaid Expansion

The ACA Medicaid Expansion

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Mitchell, Alison
Description: This report provides an overview of the ACA Medicaid expansion, and the impact of the Supreme Court decision on the ACA Medicaid expansion. Then, the report describes who is covered under the expansion, the expansion rules, and how the expansion is financed. In addition, enrollment and expenditure estimates for the ACA Medicaid expansion are provided. Finally, the report reviews state decisions whether or not to implement the ACA Medicaid expansion, and the implications of those decisions on certain individuals, employers, and hospitals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid Citizenship Documentation

Medicaid Citizenship Documentation

Date: April 15, 2008
Creator: Grady, April
Description: Due to recent changes in federal law, individuals who declare that they are citizens for Medicaid eligibility purposes must present documentation that proves citizenship and documents personal identity. This report discusses issues related to Medicaid citizenship documentation that have received considerable media and interest group attention, as well as proposed legislation that would affect the requirement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Federal Assistance Programs

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: December 27, 2006
Creator: Fairman Cooper, Edith
Description: The impact on children of domestic violence was an issue of interest in the 109th Congress. The first session of the 109th Congress ended with the passage of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-162), which contained new initiatives to address concerns about children and youth exposed to and victimized by domestic violence. This report discusses existing federal programs and initiatives that have been established to assist such children and youth, and new provisions enacted in P.L. 109-162.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Well-Being and Noncustodial Fathers

Child Well-Being and Noncustodial Fathers

Date: February 12, 2013
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen; Falk, Gene & Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report displays and discusses some of the data related to the poverty of children and their living arrangements and data on male employment and earnings, educational attainment, and incarceration. It then provides information on federal programs that could play a greater role in addressing poverty of children through the fathers of these children (nearly all noncustodial parents are fathers). The report also examines federal programs that have the purposes of preventing teen pregnancy and helping disadvantaged youth obtain the skills and support they need to make the transition to adulthood. The report concludes by presenting several public policy approaches proposed by the policy community that might improve the lives of low-income noncustodial fathers and their children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid: A Primer

Medicaid: A Primer

Date: January 24, 2007
Creator: Herz, Elicia J.
Description: This report describes the basic elements of Medicaid, focusing on federal rules governing who is eligible, what services are covered, how the program is financed and how beneficiaries share in the cost, how providers are paid, and the role of special waivers in expanding eligibility and modifying benefits. The recently passed Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 or DRA, as amended by the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006, included many provisions affecting Medicaid. DRA provides states with opportunities to make fundamental changes in Medicaid program design, including covered benefits and beneficiary cost-sharing. These and other major DRA changes are summarized here. Lastly, basic program statistics and citations to in-depth CRS reports on specific topics are provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding

The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding

Date: September 17, 2014
Creator: Lynch, Karen E.
Description: This report discusses the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), which provides subsidies to assist low-income families in obtaining child care so that parents can work or participate in education or training activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Date: September 29, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: The 109th Congress is reviewing a number of programs that aid poor and low-income families with children. These programs include the TANF and child care block grants, child support enforcement, abstinence education, transitional Medicaid (known as Transitional Medical Assistance), Head Start, and the Workforce Investment Act. Other potential policy initiatives, such as social security and tax reform, also would likely affect low-income families with children. This report focuses on programs and policy initiatives that are being raised in the context of reviewing and reauthorizing welfare programs: TANF, the Child Care and Development Block Grant, Child Support Enforcement, Transitional Medical Assistance (TMA), Abstinence Education, initiatives to promote responsible fatherhood, and initiatives to promote rearing children in married-couple families.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: FY2013 Budget Request of the President and FY2013 Funding

Child Welfare: FY2013 Budget Request of the President and FY2013 Funding

Date: June 27, 2013
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with an overview of the purpose for which child welfare funds are appropriated. The report discusses FY2013 appropriations for those programs, including the effect of the automatic spending cuts, know as sequestration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: $25 Annual User Fee

Child Support Enforcement: $25 Annual User Fee

Date: November 6, 2012
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program, which was enacted in 1975 as a federal-state program to help strengthen families by securing financial support for children from their noncustodial parent on a consistent and continuing basis and by helping some families to remain self-sufficient and off public assistance by providing the requisite CSE services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Provisions Considered But Not Enacted During the 2002-2005 Welfare Reauthorization Debate

Child Support Provisions Considered But Not Enacted During the 2002-2005 Welfare Reauthorization Debate

Date: February 15, 2007
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: Although the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (enacted February 8, 2006) included significant changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program, it did not include many of the child support provisions that had been considered during the preceding four-year debate within the context of welfare reauthorization. This report discusses 12 such provisions that were passed by either the House or the Senate Finance Committee (or both). The Administration has included several of these provisions in its FY2008 budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid Issues for the 109th Congress

Medicaid Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: April 10, 2006
Creator: Hearne, Jean
Description: Medicaid is jointly financed by the federal and state governments, but each state designs and administers its own state program under broad federal guidelines. Accordingly, state variation in eligibility, covered services, and the delivery of, and reimbursement for, services is the rule rather than the exception. How is Congress to respond to the numerous proposals to move Medicaid forward into the near and long term? This report lays out some of these issues, explains the factors underlying them, and provides links to CRS products that can help Members of Congress and their staff prepare to discuss Medicaid’s role today and into the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The HUD Homeless Assistance Grants: Programs Authorized by the HEARTH Act

The HUD Homeless Assistance Grants: Programs Authorized by the HEARTH Act

Date: April 22, 2015
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report discusses the Homeless Assistance Grants, administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The composition of the Homeless Assistance Grants changed when Congress enacted the Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act as part of the Helping Families Save Their Homes Act in the 111th Congress (P.L. 111-22).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Reauthorization: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Child Care Provisions in House and Senate Versions of H.R. 4, S. 880, and Current Law

Child Care Reauthorization: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Child Care Provisions in House and Senate Versions of H.R. 4, S. 880, and Current Law

Date: January 3, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report discuses the legislative action to reauthorize child care legislation that expired at the end of FY2002. The Child care reauthorization” is composed of two parts: legislation to reauthorize the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) Act and legislation to extend mandatory funding appropriated under Section 418 of the Social Security Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid: The Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Medicaid: The Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Date: February 2, 2009
Creator: Grady, April
Description: This report examines the formula that determines the federal government's share of Medicaid costs for most services, which is established in statute; states must contribute the remaining portion of costs in order to qualify for federal funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Need-Tested Benefits: Estimated Eligibility and Benefit Receipt by Families and Individuals

Need-Tested Benefits: Estimated Eligibility and Benefit Receipt by Families and Individuals

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene; Mitchell, Alison; Lynch, Karen E.; McCarty, Maggie; Morton, William R. & Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report examines estimated benefit receipt by families from nine major need-tested benefit programs in 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008

Child Welfare: The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008

Date: October 9, 2008
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report provides an overview of the bill Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (H.R. 6893). The report discusses many of the changes included in the new law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant funds a wide range of benefits and services for low-income families with children. TANF was created in the 1996 welfare reform law (P.L. 104-193). This report responds to some frequently asked questions about TANF; it does not describe TANF rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

Date: April 18, 2001
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report provides background on the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP), originally established in 1981 by Title XXVI of P.L. 97-35 and reauthorized several times. It is a block grant program under which the federal government gives states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories and commonwealths, and Indian tribal organizations (referred to as grantees) annual grants to operate multi-component home energy assistance programs for needy households.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department