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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) and the Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Tax Credit

The Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) and the Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Tax Credit

Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The Work Opportunity Tax Credit and Welfare-to-Work Tax Credit are temporary provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. Since their initiation in the mid-1990s, the Congress has allowed the credits to lapse four of the five times they were up for reauthorization. In each instance, they were reinstated retroactive to their expiration dates as part of large tax-related measures. The employment tax credits never have been addressed independently of broader legislation. This report describes the WOTC and WtW Tax Credit and outlines issues for members of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricane Katrina: Medicaid Issues

Hurricane Katrina: Medicaid Issues

Date: September 15, 2005
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P; Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J; Rimkunas, Richard; Stone-Axelrad, Julie et al.
Description: This report discusses the following: Medicaid’s rules on eligibility, benefits, and financing in the context of current questions and issues raised by Hurricane Katrina. Recent state actions in response to Medicaid issues raised by the hurricane. Federal Medicaid waiver authority, including information on current activity in this area and the New York Disaster Relief Medicaid waiver granted in response to the September 11 terrorist attacks. Current federal legislation related to Medicaid and Hurricane Katrina relief efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
TANF Cash Benefits as of January 1, 2004

TANF Cash Benefits as of January 1, 2004

Date: September 12, 2005
Creator: Walters, Meredith; Falk, Gene & Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Poverty in the United States

Trends in Poverty in the United States

Date: September 6, 2005
Creator: Gabe, Thomas
Description: This report discusses trends in poverty in the United States. In 2004, 37 million people were found poor under the official poverty definition — a 1.1 million increase from 2003. The poverty rate, or percent of the population considered poor, increased for the fourth straight year, to 12.7% in 2004 — up from 12.5% in 2003, and 11.3% in 2000, its most recent low.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 23, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid Eligibility for Adults and Children

Medicaid Eligibility for Adults and Children

Date: August 3, 2005
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Date: July 1, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: State Performance on Child and Family Services Reviews

Child Welfare: State Performance on Child and Family Services Reviews

Date: June 29, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a short history of the legislation and other factors that led to the creation of the current CFSR and then briefly describes how a CFSR is conducted and what “substantial conformity” with federal child welfare policy means in the context of this review. Much has been made of the fact that no state was found to be in substantial conformity with all aspects of federal policy reviewed during the initial (FY2001-FY2004) round of the CFSRs. This report seeks to better understand that fact by looking closely at state performance on each of the performance indicators that determined compliance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and SCHIP: The President's FY2006 Budget Proposals

Medicaid and SCHIP: The President's FY2006 Budget Proposals

Date: June 9, 2005
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J; Scott, Christine; Stone-Axelrad, Julie & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report describes the proposal and provides an estimate of the cost or savings based on publicly available information. The report provides a brief background for the proposal and provides a listing of current Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports related to the proposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Date: June 8, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: In February 2002, the Administration proposed its welfare reauthorization plan. The debate was dominated by controversy over the amount of child care funding and the Administration's proposed changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work participation standards. The final agreement reflects the same child care funding increase that was provided in House-passed welfare reauthorization measures in 2002 and 2003 ($1 billion in additional mandatory child care funding over five years). The 2005 Senate Finance Committee welfare reauthorization bill would have provided $6 billion in additional child care funding over five years. Though the final agreement would require states to increase the share of their families participating in TANF work activities, it does not include the Administration's proposal to set a 40-hour workweek standard or revise the activities that count toward the standard. The reauthorization debate also reflected a renewed focus on noncustodial parents and on family formation issues. The budget agreement includes responsible fatherhood initiatives and a scaled back version of the President's initiative to promote healthy marriages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department