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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: January 15, 2004
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform legislation) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000, 2001, 2002, or 2003. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 108th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: June 30, 2003
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform legislation) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000, 2001, or 2002. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 108th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: July 14, 2004
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform law) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000, 2001, 2002, or 2003. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues of concern to the 108th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of child support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: December 13, 2002
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 107th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: December 13, 2002
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform legislation) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000, 2001, or 2002. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 108th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: September 5, 2002
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 107th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: February 6, 2002
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 107th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: June 30, 2003
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 107th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: February 21, 2003
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 107th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: April 16, 1998
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the background, issues, enforcement and the reforms of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-193), signed into law on August 22, 1996, and the major changes made to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: September 5, 2002
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform legislation) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000 or 2001. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 107th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Child Support Enforcement Program

The Child Support Enforcement Program

Date: October 5, 1982
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report provides summary information on the child support enforcement program, established under title IV-D of the Social Security Act. It includes basic program statistics and a description of the administrative structure and major characteristics of the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Child Support Enforcement Program: A Fact Sheet

The Child Support Enforcement Program: A Fact Sheet

Date: February 3, 1998
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program, Part D of Title IV of the Social Security Act, was enacted in January 1975 (P.L. 93-647).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program that was enacted in 1975 as a federal-state program (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) to help strengthen families by securing financial support for children from their noncustodial parent on a consistent and continuing basis and by helping some families to remain self-sufficient and off public assistance by providing the requisite CSE services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program that was enacted in 1975 as a federal-state program (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) to help strengthen families by securing financial support for children from their noncustodial parent on a consistent and continuing basis and by helping some families to remain self-sufficient and off public assistance by providing the requisite CSE services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Date: February 15, 2006
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: In FY2004, the CSE program collected $21.9 billion in child support payments and served 15.9 million child support cases. However, the program still collects only 18% of child support obligations for which it has responsibility and collects payments for only 51% of its caseload.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Provisions Considered But Not Enacted During the 2002-2005 Welfare Reauthorization Debate

Child Support Provisions Considered But Not Enacted During the 2002-2005 Welfare Reauthorization Debate

Date: February 15, 2007
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: Although the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (enacted February 8, 2006) included significant changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program, it did not include many of the child support provisions that had been considered during the preceding four-year debate within the context of welfare reauthorization. This report discusses 12 such provisions that were passed by either the House or the Senate Finance Committee (or both). The Administration has included several of these provisions in its FY2008 budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Provisions in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171)

Child Support Provisions in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171)

Date: February 14, 2006
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program and the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171). The act will reduce the federal matching rate for laboratory costs associated with paternity establishment from 90% to 66%, end the federal matching of state expenditures of federal CSE incentive payments reinvested back into the program, and require states to assess a $25 annual user fee for child support services provided to families with no connection to the welfare system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: An Overview of Federal Programs and Their Current Funding

Child Welfare: An Overview of Federal Programs and Their Current Funding

Date: September 16, 2014
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a review of federal appropriations activity in FY2014 as it relates to child welfare programs, including the effect of the automatic spending cuts, known as sequestration. The bulk of the report provides a short description of each federal child welfare program, including its purpose and recent (FY2012-FY2014) funding levels.
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Child Welfare: An Overview of Federal Programs and Their Current Funding

Child Welfare: An Overview of Federal Programs and Their Current Funding

Date: July 16, 2014
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a review of federal appropriations activity in FY2014 as it relates to child welfare programs, including the effect of the automatic spending cuts, known as sequestration. The report provides a short description of each federal child welfare program, including its purpose and recent (FY2012-FY2014) funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare and Child Support: The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (P.L. 113-183)

Child Welfare and Child Support: The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (P.L. 113-183)

Date: October 16, 2014
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L. & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report begins with an overview and topical summary of the provisions of the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (H.R. 4980), which seeks to ensure that child welfare agencies are responsive to particular issues for children and youth in foster care or those who otherwise have contact with the child welfare system. The report follows this with a review of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) cost estimate for H.R. 4980 and the legislative origins of the enacted bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare and TANF Implementation: Recent Findings

Child Welfare and TANF Implementation: Recent Findings

Date: July 8, 2002
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report examines recent research findings about Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) implementation as it has affected the nation’s child welfare system. The nation’s program of cash aid for needy families with children (TANF) and its program to protect and care for children who are abused or neglected (child welfare services) are linked by history and share some of the same clients who have similar service needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Financing: An Issue Overview

Child Welfare Financing: An Issue Overview

Date: April 6, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: The purpose of this report is to describe the federal interest in child welfare (as expressed by Congress); describe the current level and structure of federal dedicated child welfare financing and examine trends in the appropriation and spending of this money; and to review the extent to which states rely on non-dedicated federal funds for child welfare purposes. Finally, the report discusses the future federal commitment to child welfare financing, along with the concepts of flexibility and accountability, as these relate both to current law and to recent proposals to alter federal child welfare financing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Provisions in the Budget Reconciliation Bills

Child Welfare: Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Provisions in the Budget Reconciliation Bills

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report provides background information on provisions relevant to federal funding for child welfare purposes and other child welfare related provisions included in S. 1932 and H.R. 4241, and will be updated as necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department