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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Poverty: Major Themes in Past Debates and Current Proposals

Poverty: Major Themes in Past Debates and Current Proposals

Date: September 18, 2014
Creator: Falk, Gene & Spar, Karen
Description: This report begins with an overview of trends affecting both the incidence of poverty and characteristics of the population, and highlights changing perceptions of the poor and causes of poverty. The report then provides a short history of key federal policies enacted over the past century to address poverty. To provide a framework for analyzing current and future proposals, the report then presents several overarching themes that have recurred in poverty policy debates over the course of this history.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Medicaid Works - Program Basics

How Medicaid Works - Program Basics

Date: March 16, 2005
Creator: Herz, Elicia J; Hearne, Jean P; Stone-Axelrad, Julie; Tritz, Karen; Baumrucker, Evelyne P; Scott, Christine et al.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Concise History of the Food Stamp Program

A Concise History of the Food Stamp Program

Date: November 16, 1979
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: The Food Stamp Program has undergone a number of major changes since its modern version was established in 1961. It is now one of the largest "welfare" programs and provides an income supplement to the food-purchasing power of more than 18 million persons each month, at a cost of nearly $7 billion annually. This report traces the history of the program from 1961 through 1979, with an emphasis on how program rules, philosophy, participation, and costs have changed over the years.
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A Concise History of the Food Stamp Program

A Concise History of the Food Stamp Program

Date: November 16, 1979
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: The Food Stamp Program has undergone a number of major changes since its modern version was established in 1961. It is now one of the largest "welfare" programs and provides an income supplement to the food-purchasing power of more than 18 million persons each month, at a cost of nearly $7 billion annually. This report traces the history of the program from 1961 through 1979, with an emphasis on how program rules, philosophy, participation, and costs have changed over the years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid: A Fact Sheet

Medicaid: A Fact Sheet

Date: July 7, 2003
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alien Eligibility for Public Assistance

Alien Eligibility for Public Assistance

Date: December 18, 1997
Creator: Vialet, Joyce & Eig, Larry M
Description: This report discusses the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, which affected alien eligibility for federal, state, and local government assistance programs, both imposing and broadening restrictions on a number of immigration benefits and programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alien Eligibility for Public Assistance

Alien Eligibility for Public Assistance

Date: July 22, 1998
Creator: Vialet, Joyce & Eig, Larry M
Description: This report discusses the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, which affected alien eligibility for federal, state, and local government assistance programs, both imposing and broadening restrictions on a number of immigration benefits and programs.
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The Homeless Management Information System

The Homeless Management Information System

Date: November 21, 2005
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Medicaid Works: Program Basics

How Medicaid Works: Program Basics

Date: February 7, 2004
Creator: Herz, Elicia J; Hearne, Jean P; Stone-Axelrad, Julie; Tritz, Karen; Baumrucker, Evelyne P; Scott, Christine et al.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid: 105th Congress

Medicaid: 105th Congress

Date: February 4, 1998
Creator: Ford, Melvina; Price, Richard J & Neisner, Jennifer A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Progress Against Poverty (1959-1983): The Recent Poverty Debate

Progress Against Poverty (1959-1983): The Recent Poverty Debate

Date: June 7, 1985
Creator: Gabe, Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Homeless: Overview of the Problem and the Federal Response

The Homeless: Overview of the Problem and the Federal Response

Date: September 14, 1984
Creator: Spar, Karen & Austin, Monique C.
Description: This report discusses the problem of homelessness in the U.S. and the resulting policy response. Unlike the skid row "derelicts" who comprised the typical homeless population of the 1960s, today's street people represent many diverse groups including: the mentally ill, evicted families, the aged, alcoholics, drug addicts, abused spouses, abused young people, and cast-off children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid Issues for the 109th Congress

Medicaid Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: October 20, 2005
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: This report provides background information for medicaid reforms and discuses proposals for reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid: A Primer

Medicaid: A Primer

Date: December 19, 2005
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Description: This report describes the basic elements of Medicaid, focusing on federal rules governing who is eligible, what services are covered, how the program is financed and how beneficiaries share in the cost, how providers are paid, and the role of special waivers in expanding eligibility and modifying benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Program Reauthorizations and Recent and FY2006 Proposed Funding Levels

Child Welfare: Program Reauthorizations and Recent and FY2006 Proposed Funding Levels

Date: November 29, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report discusses current funding levels for child welfare programs, intended to protect children from abuse and neglect and to ensure their well-being. In FY2005 the federal government appropriated $7.8 billion for these purposes. Most of this funding is made available to states through open-ended entitlement programs or as formula grants and is authorized under Title IV-E and Title IV-B of the Social Security Act or under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Poverty in the United States

Trends in Poverty in the United States

Date: September 6, 2005
Creator: Gabe, Thomas
Description: This report discusses trends in poverty in the United States. In 2004, 37 million people were found poor under the official poverty definition — a 1.1 million increase from 2003. The poverty rate, or percent of the population considered poor, increased for the fourth straight year, to 12.7% in 2004 — up from 12.5% in 2003, and 11.3% in 2000, its most recent low.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The ACA Medicaid Expansion

The ACA Medicaid Expansion

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Mitchell, Alison
Description: This report provides an overview of the ACA Medicaid expansion, and the impact of the Supreme Court decision on the ACA Medicaid expansion. Then, the report describes who is covered under the expansion, the expansion rules, and how the expansion is financed. In addition, enrollment and expenditure estimates for the ACA Medicaid expansion are provided. Finally, the report reviews state decisions whether or not to implement the ACA Medicaid expansion, and the implications of those decisions on certain individuals, employers, and hospitals.
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Medicaid Citizenship Documentation

Medicaid Citizenship Documentation

Date: April 15, 2008
Creator: Grady, April
Description: Due to recent changes in federal law, individuals who declare that they are citizens for Medicaid eligibility purposes must present documentation that proves citizenship and documents personal identity. This report discusses issues related to Medicaid citizenship documentation that have received considerable media and interest group attention, as well as proposed legislation that would affect the requirement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Well-Being and Noncustodial Fathers

Child Well-Being and Noncustodial Fathers

Date: February 12, 2013
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen; Falk, Gene & Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report displays and discusses some of the data related to the poverty of children and their living arrangements and data on male employment and earnings, educational attainment, and incarceration. It then provides information on federal programs that could play a greater role in addressing poverty of children through the fathers of these children (nearly all noncustodial parents are fathers). The report also examines federal programs that have the purposes of preventing teen pregnancy and helping disadvantaged youth obtain the skills and support they need to make the transition to adulthood. The report concludes by presenting several public policy approaches proposed by the policy community that might improve the lives of low-income noncustodial fathers and their children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Profiles of Current and Former Older Foster Youth Based on the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD)

Child Welfare: Profiles of Current and Former Older Foster Youth Based on the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD)

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report provides summary and detailed data about current and former foster youth, as reported by states to U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) via the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: This report is one in the series of reports that discusses the Charitable Choice Act of 2001 (Title II of the House bill) and its rules, as well as the charitable choice laws, and other areas of this program.
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Child Welfare and TANF Implementation: Recent Findings

Child Welfare and TANF Implementation: Recent Findings

Date: July 8, 2002
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report examines recent research findings about Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) implementation as it has affected the nation’s child welfare system. The nation’s program of cash aid for needy families with children (TANF) and its program to protect and care for children who are abused or neglected (child welfare services) are linked by history and share some of the same clients who have similar service needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Financing: An Issue Overview

Child Welfare Financing: An Issue Overview

Date: April 6, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: The purpose of this report is to describe the federal interest in child welfare (as expressed by Congress); describe the current level and structure of federal dedicated child welfare financing and examine trends in the appropriation and spending of this money; and to review the extent to which states rely on non-dedicated federal funds for child welfare purposes. Finally, the report discusses the future federal commitment to child welfare financing, along with the concepts of flexibility and accountability, as these relate both to current law and to recent proposals to alter federal child welfare financing.
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Child Welfare: Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Provisions in the Budget Reconciliation Bills

Child Welfare: Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Provisions in the Budget Reconciliation Bills

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report provides background information on provisions relevant to federal funding for child welfare purposes and other child welfare related provisions included in S. 1932 and H.R. 4241, and will be updated as necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department