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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 17, 2004
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: The purpose of this report is to present a number of generally less broad legislative proposals related to child welfare financing have been introduced in the 108th Congress. Additional child welfare-related proposals designed to improve services, promote timely placement of children across state lines, and for other purposes, are described in this report.
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Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: This report is one in the series of reports that discusses the Charitable Choice Act of 2001 (Title II of the House bill) and its rules, as well as the charitable choice laws, and other areas of this program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: This report is one in the series of reports that discusses the Charitable Choice Act of 2001 (Title II of the House bill) and its rules, as well as the charitable choice laws, and other areas of this program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Nutrition and WIC Programs: Background and Funding

Child Nutrition and WIC Programs: Background and Funding

Date: August 3, 2004
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: Federally supported child nutrition programs and related activities — including school meal programs and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (the WIC program) — reach over 37 million children and almost 2 million lower-income pregnant/postpartum women. In FY2004, anticipated spending on these programs is $16.6 billion, and the FY2004 appropriations law (P.L. 108-199) supports this spending level (although with new appropriations of a lesser amount, some $16 billion). The Administration’s FY2005 revised budget request envisions spending a total of $17.15 billion, supported by new appropriations of $16.47 billion. The House FY2005 appropriations bill (H.R. 4766) would support spending of $16.97 billion with new appropriations of $16.29 billion.
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Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: July 14, 2004
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform law) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000, 2001, 2002, or 2003. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues of concern to the 108th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of child support payments.
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Transitional Medical Assistance (TMA) Under Medicaid

Transitional Medical Assistance (TMA) Under Medicaid

Date: June 30, 2004
Creator: Grady, April
Description: None
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State Policies on Immigrant Eligibility for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)

State Policies on Immigrant Eligibility for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)

Date: April 23, 2004
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: This report provides an overview of aspects of ESEA Title I-A which were substantially amended by the NCLBA; elements of the program which are important but which were not substantially revised by the NCLBA (such as parental involvement requirements) are not discussed in this report. Other current and forthcoming reports will provide more detailed discussions and analyses of selected major aspects of the program, including pupil assessments,2 accountability, and allocation formulas. This report will be updated regularly, to reflect significant actions regarding funding and implementation of the NCLBA provisions.
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Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A

Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A

Date: February 24, 2004
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: This report discusses supplemental educational services in the general sense, which include educational activities provided outside of normal school hours that are designed to augment or enhance the educational services provided during regular periods of instruction.
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How Medicaid Works: Program Basics

How Medicaid Works: Program Basics

Date: February 7, 2004
Creator: Herz, Elicia J; Hearne, Jean P; Stone-Axelrad, Julie; Tritz, Karen; Baumrucker, Evelyne P; Scott, Christine et al.
Description: None
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Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: January 15, 2004
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform legislation) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000, 2001, 2002, or 2003. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 108th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Review of Medical Child Support: Background, Policy, and Issues

A Review of Medical Child Support: Background, Policy, and Issues

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: Improving the establishment and enforcement of medical child support has been hampered to some extent by factors such as high health care costs, a decline in employer-provided health insurance coverage, an increase in the share of health insurance costs borne by employees, and the large number of uninsured children. This report provides a legislative history of medical support provisions in Child Support Enforcement (CSE) programs, describes current policy with respect to medical child support, examines available data, and discusses some of the issues related to medical child support. This report will not be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Date: October 14, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
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Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Date: October 1, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: The 108th Congress has resumed efforts to pass tax incentives for private giving (S. 476, passed by the Senate on April 9, and H.R. 7, introduced May 7, 2003). However, these bills do not contain provisions intended to promote religious organizations as providers of federally funded social services – charitable choice provisions.. The House voted in 2001 to extend charitable choice rules, which now apply to a limited set of programs, to numerous new programs (H.R. 7 in the 107th Congress), as the President urged, but the Senate refused. However, in an Executive Order, President Bush on December 12, 2002, directed six cabinet-level departments and the Agency for International Development (AID) to bring policies concerning social service programs into line with charitable choice principles set forth in the Order.
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Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
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Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Date: September 5, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
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Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Date: August 12, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 11, 2003
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: Child welfare services are intended to protect children who have been abused or neglected or are at risk of maltreatment. These services take various forms, ranging from counseling and other supports for parents — which are intended to improve child well-being and prevent child abuse and neglect — to removal of the children from their homes. At the most extreme, these services include termination of parental rights and placement of the children for adoption. This report describes child welfare legislative issues in the 108th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Date: July 28, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Nutrition and WIC Programs: Background and Funding

Child Nutrition and WIC Programs: Background and Funding

Date: July 24, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: About a dozen federally supported child nutrition programs and related activities – including school meal programs and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (the WIC program) – reach over 37 million children and almost 2 million lower-income pregnant and postpartum women. Total FY2002 spending on these efforts was $15.1 billion. FY2003 spending is projected at an estimated $15.9 billion under the Agriculture Department appropriations portion (Division A) of the FY2003 Consolidated Appropriations Resolution (P.L. 108-7; H.Rept. 108-10; enacted February 20,2003). And the Administration anticipates spending $16.3 billion under its FY2004 budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid: A Fact Sheet

Medicaid: A Fact Sheet

Date: July 7, 2003
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Date: July 1, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: June 30, 2003
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform legislation) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000, 2001, or 2002. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 108th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department