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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Date: September 5, 2002
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform legislation) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000 or 2001. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 107th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
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The ACA Medicaid Expansion

The ACA Medicaid Expansion

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Mitchell, Alison
Description: This report provides an overview of the ACA Medicaid expansion, and the impact of the Supreme Court decision on the ACA Medicaid expansion. Then, the report describes who is covered under the expansion, the expansion rules, and how the expansion is financed. In addition, enrollment and expenditure estimates for the ACA Medicaid expansion are provided. Finally, the report reviews state decisions whether or not to implement the ACA Medicaid expansion, and the implications of those decisions on certain individuals, employers, and hospitals.
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Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Federal Assistance Programs

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: December 27, 2006
Creator: Fairman Cooper, Edith
Description: The impact on children of domestic violence was an issue of interest in the 109th Congress. The first session of the 109th Congress ended with the passage of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-162), which contained new initiatives to address concerns about children and youth exposed to and victimized by domestic violence. This report discusses existing federal programs and initiatives that have been established to assist such children and youth, and new provisions enacted in P.L. 109-162.
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Medicaid: The Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Medicaid: The Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Date: February 2, 2009
Creator: Grady, April
Description: This report examines the formula that determines the federal government's share of Medicaid costs for most services, which is established in statute; states must contribute the remaining portion of costs in order to qualify for federal funds.
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Need-Tested Benefits: Estimated Eligibility and Benefit Receipt by Families and Individuals

Need-Tested Benefits: Estimated Eligibility and Benefit Receipt by Families and Individuals

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene; Mitchell, Alison; Lynch, Karen E.; McCarty, Maggie; Morton, William R. & Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report examines estimated benefit receipt by families from nine major need-tested benefit programs in 2012.
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Child Welfare: The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008

Child Welfare: The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008

Date: October 9, 2008
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report provides an overview of the bill Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (H.R. 6893). The report discusses many of the changes included in the new law.
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The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant funds a wide range of benefits and services for low-income families with children. TANF was created in the 1996 welfare reform law (P.L. 104-193). This report responds to some frequently asked questions about TANF; it does not describe TANF rules.
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The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

Date: April 18, 2001
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report provides background on the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP), originally established in 1981 by Title XXVI of P.L. 97-35 and reauthorized several times. It is a block grant program under which the federal government gives states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories and commonwealths, and Indian tribal organizations (referred to as grantees) annual grants to operate multi-component home energy assistance programs for needy households.
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Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Financing Issues

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Financing Issues

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report discusses the financing of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. It describes the national funding level, the distribution of funds among the states, and the basis for these funding levels; describes how states may use TANF funds; describes how states have actually used TANF funding; and discusses selected policy issues regarding TANF funding.
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Troubled Asset Relief Program and Foreclosures

Troubled Asset Relief Program and Foreclosures

Date: February 17, 2009
Creator: Weiss, N. E.; Carpenter, David H.; Getter, Darryl E. & Murphy, Edward V.
Description: Increasing foreclosure rates and problems in financial markets are some of the issues addressed in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (P.L. 110 343), which created the Troubled Asset Relief Plan (TARP). This report is concerned with Title II of the bill, which would require the Treasury to spend a minimum of $40 billion of the second $350 billion on foreclosure mitigation.
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