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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Poverty: Trends, Causes and Cures

Poverty: Trends, Causes and Cures

Date: February 1, 1984
Creator: Shipp, P. Royal
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Homeless: Overview of the Problem and the Federal Response

The Homeless: Overview of the Problem and the Federal Response

Date: September 14, 1984
Creator: Spar, Karen & Austin, Monique C.
Description: This report discusses the problem of homelessness in the U.S. and the resulting policy response. Unlike the skid row "derelicts" who comprised the typical homeless population of the 1960s, today's street people represent many diverse groups including: the mentally ill, evicted families, the aged, alcoholics, drug addicts, abused spouses, abused young people, and cast-off children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare/Medicaid Reimbursement: Selected References

Medicare/Medicaid Reimbursement: Selected References

Date: August 1, 1984
Creator: Shirley-Reynolds, Saundra
Description: This report is a compilation of selected articles, books, and executive agency and congressional publications on Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement, primarily to health facilities and physicians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chronology and Brief Description of Federal Food Assistance Legislation, 1935-1983

Chronology and Brief Description of Federal Food Assistance Legislation, 1935-1983

Date: June 25, 1984
Creator: Jones, Jean Yavis
Description: Since 1935 when Congress first approved the donation of agricultural surplus commodities to low-income populations and school lunch programs, some 57 laws have been passed creating and revising Federal food assistance programs. This report is a chronology of these laws. It briefly describes the major provisions which have led to the network of Federal food assistance programs we know today-- the food stamp program, school lunch and breakfast programs, summer food and child care food programs, special and commodity supplemental food programs for women, infants and children (WICa nd CSFP), elderly nutrition programs, and commodity donation programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Stamps: 1982 Legislation

Food Stamps: 1982 Legislation

Date: January 10, 1983
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: This report discusses legislative issues regarding food stamp appropriations. Authorization for food stamp appropriations was to have expired at the end of FY82; in addition, the FY83-85 budget resolution assumed substantial savings in food stamps. As a result, and with the potential of an FY82 food stamp funding shortfall averted by the appropriation of a $1 billion supplemental, Congress acted to reauthorize appropriations and limit program costs in the 1982 budget reconciliation process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement

Child Support Enforcement

Date: September 13, 1984
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: During the first session of the 98th Congress, the House passed H.R. 4325, 422-0. This measure requires States to adopt several methods of enforcing overdue child support obligations, including mandatory wage withholding; requires States to permit establishment of paternity until a child's 18th birthday; alters the incentive payment formula for child support collections; and extends the formula to collections made on behalf of non-AFDC children. The report includes background and policy analysis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How the Food Stamp Program Works

How the Food Stamp Program Works

Date: October 7, 1982
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: This report briefly describes the present operation of the Food Stamp program, reflecting legislative revisions through 1982.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Nutrition and WIC Programs: Background and Funding

Child Nutrition and WIC Programs: Background and Funding

Date: August 3, 2004
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: Federally supported child nutrition programs and related activities — including school meal programs and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (the WIC program) — reach over 37 million children and almost 2 million lower-income pregnant/postpartum women. In FY2004, anticipated spending on these programs is $16.6 billion, and the FY2004 appropriations law (P.L. 108-199) supports this spending level (although with new appropriations of a lesser amount, some $16 billion). The Administration’s FY2005 revised budget request envisions spending a total of $17.15 billion, supported by new appropriations of $16.47 billion. The House FY2005 appropriations bill (H.R. 4766) would support spending of $16.97 billion with new appropriations of $16.29 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Date: February 15, 2006
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: In FY2004, the CSE program collected $21.9 billion in child support payments and served 15.9 million child support cases. However, the program still collects only 18% of child support obligations for which it has responsibility and collects payments for only 51% of its caseload.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Provisions in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171)

Child Support Provisions in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171)

Date: February 14, 2006
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program and the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171). The act will reduce the federal matching rate for laboratory costs associated with paternity establishment from 90% to 66%, end the federal matching of state expenditures of federal CSE incentive payments reinvested back into the program, and require states to assess a $25 annual user fee for child support services provided to families with no connection to the welfare system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Child Support Enforcement Program

The Child Support Enforcement Program

Date: October 5, 1982
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report provides summary information on the child support enforcement program, established under title IV-D of the Social Security Act. It includes basic program statistics and a description of the administrative structure and major characteristics of the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Review of Medical Child Support: Background, Policy, and Issues

A Review of Medical Child Support: Background, Policy, and Issues

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: Improving the establishment and enforcement of medical child support has been hampered to some extent by factors such as high health care costs, a decline in employer-provided health insurance coverage, an increase in the share of health insurance costs borne by employees, and the large number of uninsured children. This report provides a legislative history of medical support provisions in Child Support Enforcement (CSE) programs, describes current policy with respect to medical child support, examines available data, and discusses some of the issues related to medical child support. This report will not be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare and TANF Implementation: Recent Findings

Child Welfare and TANF Implementation: Recent Findings

Date: July 8, 2002
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report examines recent research findings about Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) implementation as it has affected the nation’s child welfare system. The nation’s program of cash aid for needy families with children (TANF) and its program to protect and care for children who are abused or neglected (child welfare services) are linked by history and share some of the same clients who have similar service needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid: Recent Trends in Beneficiaries and Spending

Medicaid: Recent Trends in Beneficiaries and Spending

Date: March 27, 1992
Creator: King, Kathleen; Rimkunas, Richard & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: This report discusses medicaid and recent trend is beneficiaries and spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Concise History of the Food Stamp Program

A Concise History of the Food Stamp Program

Date: November 16, 1979
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: The Food Stamp Program has undergone a number of major changes since its modern version was established in 1961. It is now one of the largest "welfare" programs and provides an income supplement to the food-purchasing power of more than 18 million persons each month, at a cost of nearly $7 billion annually. This report traces the history of the program from 1961 through 1979, with an emphasis on how program rules, philosophy, participation, and costs have changed over the years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid: A Primer

Medicaid: A Primer

Date: December 19, 2005
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Description: This report describes the basic elements of Medicaid, focusing on federal rules governing who is eligible, what services are covered, how the program is financed and how beneficiaries share in the cost, how providers are paid, and the role of special waivers in expanding eligibility and modifying benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reauthorization: An Overview of the Issues

Welfare Reauthorization: An Overview of the Issues

Date: December 21, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation FY2006: Provisions Affecting the Medicaid Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Budget Reconciliation FY2006: Provisions Affecting the Medicaid Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Date: November 28, 2005
Creator: Grady, April
Description: The federal medical assistance percentage (FMAP) is the rate at which states are reimbursed for most Medicaid service expenditures. The FY2006 budget reconciliation bills passed by the House (H.R. 4241) and Senate (S. 1932) include provisions that would affect state FMAPs for Medicaid in a number of ways. This report describes these provisions and estimates their impact on FY2006 FMAPs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Homeless Management Information System

The Homeless Management Information System

Date: November 21, 2005
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): Percentage of Total Tax Returns and Credit Amount by State

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): Percentage of Total Tax Returns and Credit Amount by State

Date: November 4, 2005
Creator: Scott, Christine
Description: The earned income tax credit (EITC), established in the tax code in 1975, offers cash aid to working parents with relatively low incomes who care for dependent children. The EITC is the only federal cash aid available to all working poor families with children. For eligible filers with income tax liability, the EITC reduces their taxes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reauthorization: A Side-By-Side Comparison of Current Law, Senate Committee-Approved and House Budget Reconciliation Bill Provisions

Welfare Reauthorization: A Side-By-Side Comparison of Current Law, Senate Committee-Approved and House Budget Reconciliation Bill Provisions

Date: November 21, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda; Solomon-Fears, Carmen & Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Provisions in the Budget Reconciliation Bills

Child Welfare: Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Provisions in the Budget Reconciliation Bills

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report provides background information on provisions relevant to federal funding for child welfare purposes and other child welfare related provisions included in S. 1932 and H.R. 4241, and will be updated as necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Topics in Aging: Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2004

Topics in Aging: Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2004

Date: November 7, 2005
Creator: Whitman, Debra B & Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transitional Medical Assistance (TMA) Under Medicaid

Transitional Medical Assistance (TMA) Under Medicaid

Date: June 30, 2004
Creator: Grady, April
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department