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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Noncitizen Eligibility for Federal Public Assistance: Policy Overview and Trends

Noncitizen Eligibility for Federal Public Assistance: Policy Overview and Trends

Date: September 24, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the extent to which residents of the United States who are not U.S. citizens should be eligible for federally-funded public aid. This issue meets at the intersection of two major policy areas: immigration policy and welfare policy. This report deals with the four major federal means-tested benefit programs: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly food stamps), the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant programs, and Medicaid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Background and Funding

Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Background and Funding

Date: May 24, 2013
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: This report looks at the purpose and background of Community Services Block Grants (CSBG), which provide federal funds to states, territories, and tribes for distribution to local agencies to support a wide range of community-based activities to reduce poverty. It includes program data, funding activity for fiscal years 2013 and 2014, and proposals for FY2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery

Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery

Date: May 8, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report briefly discusses the options for federal support and assistance for areas affected by wildfire disasters, including the period during wildfires, in the aftermath, and subsequently for preventing a recurrence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Noncitizen Eligibility for Federal Public Assistance: Policy Overview and Trends

Noncitizen Eligibility for Federal Public Assistance: Policy Overview and Trends

Date: December 14, 2010
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report deals with the four major federal means-tested benefit programs: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly food stamps), the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant programs, and Medicaid. It is organized into four main parts: an overview of existing eligibility law for the four programs and the policies that preceded the 1996 act; an overview of related immigrant policies affecting eligibility (specifically, the treatment of sponsored aliens); an analysis of trends in noncitizen poverty and benefit use; and a summary of the eligibility rules for aliens residing in the United States illegally.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans and Homelessness

Veterans and Homelessness

Date: November 13, 2014
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Researchers have found both male and female veterans to be overrepresented in the homeless population, and, as the number of veterans increased due to these conflicts, there was concern that the number of homeless veterans could rise commensurately. This report discusses the various aspects of this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Overview

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Overview

Date: December 3, 2014
Creator: Falk, Gene & Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a refundable tax credit available to eligible workers earning relatively low wages. This report provides an overview of the EITC, first discussing eligibility requirements for the credit, followed by how the credit is computed and paid. The report then provides data on the growth of the EITC since it was first enacted in 1975. Finally the report concludes with data on the EITC claimed on 2012 tax returns, examining EITC claims by number of qualifying children, income level, tax filing status, and location of residence.
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Medical Child Support: Background and Current Policy

Medical Child Support: Background and Current Policy

Date: December 18, 2013
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report describes current federal policy with respect to medical child support. It also examines the potential impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. It provides a legislative history of medical support provisions in the CSE program and state data on the medical support coverage of children in the CSE program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Health Service (PHS) Agencies: Overview and Funding, FY2010-FY2012

Public Health Service (PHS) Agencies: Overview and Funding, FY2010-FY2012

Date: March 31, 2011
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Smith, Pamela W.
Description: This report discusses the eleven agencies that consist of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), including their purposes and funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program that was enacted in 1975 as a federal-state program (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) to help strengthen families by securing financial support for children from their noncustodial parent on a consistent and continuing basis and by helping some families to remain self-sufficient and off public assistance by providing the requisite CSE services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: October 2, 2013
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report provides responses to frequently asked questions about the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department