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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Navy Ship Names: Background for Congress

Navy Ship Names: Background for Congress

Date: October 30, 2008
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Names for Navy ships traditionally have been chosen and announced by the Secretary of the Navy. Congress in recent years has proposed, and sometimes passed, legislation regarding the naming of specific ships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Nuclear Weapons: Changes in Policy and Force Structure

U.S. Nuclear Weapons: Changes in Policy and Force Structure

Date: August 10, 2006
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: The Bush Administration conducted a review of U.S. nuclear weapons force posture during its first year in office. Although the review sought to adjust U.S. nuclear posture to address changes in the international security environment at the start of the new century, it continued many of the policies and programs that had been a part of the U.S. nuclear posture during the previous decade and during the Cold War. This report, which will be updated as needed, provides an overview of the U.S. nuclear posture to highlight areas of change and areas of continuity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
V-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft

V-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft

Date: August 23, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: The V-22 Osprey is a tilt-rotor aircraft, capable of vertical or short take off and landing, with forward flight like a conventional fixed-wing aircraft. The MV-22 is the Marine Corps' top aviation priority. Marine Corps leaders believe that the Osprey will provide them an unprecedented capability to quickly and decisively project power from well over the horizon. The V-22 program has been under development for over 25 years. Safety and maintenance concerns have arisen over this period. Supporters tout the V-22's potential operational capabilities relative to the helicopters it will replace. It will fly faster, farther, and with more payload than the currently used machinery. Detractors tend to emphasize the V-22's long development schedule, its three fatal accidents, and its high cost relative to the helicopters it will replace.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches -- Background and Options for Congress

Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches -- Background and Options for Congress

Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Some observers have proposed procuring Navy ships using incremental funding or advance appropriations rather than the traditional full funding approach that has been used to procure most Navy ships. Supporters believe these alternative funding approaches could increase stability in Navy shipbuilding plans and perhaps increase the number of Navy ships that could be built for a given total amount of ship-procurement funding. The issue for the 109th Congress is whether to maintain or change current practices for funding Navy ship procurement. Congress's decision could be significant because the full funding policy relates to Congress's power of the purse and its responsibility for conducting oversight of defense programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches -- Background and Options for Congress

Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches -- Background and Options for Congress

Date: June 20, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Some observers have proposed procuring Navy ships using incremental funding or advance appropriations rather than the traditional full funding approach that has been used to procure most Navy ships. Supporters believe these alternative funding approaches could increase stability in Navy shipbuilding plans and perhaps increase the number of Navy ships that could be built for a given total amount of ship-procurement funding. The issue for the 109th Congress is whether to maintain or change current practices for funding Navy ship procurement. Congress's decision could be significant because the full funding policy relates to Congress's power of the purse and its responsibility for conducting oversight of defense programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cluster Munitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Cluster Munitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 27, 2008
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: Cluster munitions are air-dropped or ground-launched munitions that release a number of smaller submunitions intended to kill enemy personnel or destroy vehicles. Cluster munitions were developed in World War II and are part of many nations' weapons stockpiles. Cluster munitions have been used frequently in combat, including the early phases of the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Cluster munitions have been highly criticized internationally for causing a significant number of civilian deaths, and efforts have been undertaken to ban and regulate their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's M-4 Carbine: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's M-4 Carbine: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: The M-4 carbine is the Army's primary individual combat weapon for infantry units. Due to the nature of the M-4's design, firing it can lead to weapons malfunctions. This report discusses possible replacements for the M-4, most notably the Special Operations Combat Assault Rifle (SCAR). This report also details results of studies and tests of the M-4 and feedback response from potential competitors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Weapons Convention: Issues for Congress

Chemical Weapons Convention: Issues for Congress

Date: September 20, 2000
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: The Convention provides the most extensive and intrusive verification regime of any arms control treaty, extending its coverage to not only governmental but also civilian facilities. The Convention also requires export controls and reporting requirements on chemicals that can be used as warfare agents and their precursors. The CWC establishes the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to oversee the Convention's implementation. Chemical Weapons Convention implementing legislation, as S. 610, passed the Senate unanimously on May 23, 1997. This legislation, which was an amendment in the nature of a substitute reported from the Judiciary Committee, provides the statutory authority for domestic compliance with the Convention's provisions. It sets criminal and civil penalties for the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, transfer, possession, or use of chemical weapons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR): The U-2 Aircraft and Global Hawk UAV Programs

Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR): The U-2 Aircraft and Global Hawk UAV Programs

Date: December 1, 2000
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A & Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Among airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconaissance (ISR) platforms, the U-2 Dragon Lady and the RQ-4A Global Hawk are especially valuable. This report discusses how best to use existing and planned manned and unmanned ISR aircraft to most effectively satisfy the Department of Defense's (Dod) requirements for timely and accurate information on enemy forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Names: Background for Congress

Navy Ship Names: Background for Congress

Date: June 5, 2008
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Names for Navy ships traditionally have been chosen and announced by the Secretary of the Navy. Congress in recent years has proposed, and sometimes passed, legislation regarding the naming of specific ships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department