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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Department of Energy Abolition? Implications for the Nuclear Weapons Program
This report considers how abolition might affect the U.S. nuclear weapons program. It provides background on the weapons program and the debate on what organization should control it; summarizes the debate over managing the program, including criticisms of DOE’s management and issues in deciding where to place the program, and presents four options for the weapons program. It considers pros and cons for each option. This report should be of value for understanding consequences of alternative organizational “homes” for the weapons program for those considering legislation to abolish DOE. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs195/
The U.S. Postal Service Response to the Threat of Bioterrorism Through the Mail
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Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress
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Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress
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"Bunker Busters": Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Issues, FY2005 and FY2006
The Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP) program has been the most controversial nuclear weapon program in Congress for the last several years. Supporters argue that it is needed to attack hard and deeply buried targets (such as leadership bunkers) in countries of concern, thereby deterring or defeating challenges from such nations; critics assert that RNEP would lower the threshold for use of nuclear weapons and prompt other nations to develop nuclear weapons to deter U.S. attack. This report presents a brief technical background on RNEP, then discusses the history of RNEP in Congress and the Administration for the FY2005 and FY2006 budget cycles. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6833/
Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Budget Request and Plan, FY2005-FY2009
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Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Budget Request and Plan, FY2005-FY2009
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Disarming Libya: Weapons of Mass Destruction
On December 19, 2003, Libya announced it would dismantle its weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and ballistic missile programs. Since then, U.S., British, and international officials have inspected and removed or destroyed key components of those programs, and Libya has provided valuable information, particularly about foreign suppliers. Libya’s WMD disarmament is a critical step towards reintegration into the world community, and a necessary but probably not sufficient prerequisite for lifting U.S. sanctions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6116/
Combat Aircraft Sales to South Asia: Potential Implications
In March 2005, the Bush Administration announced a willingness to resume sales of F-16 combat aircraft to Pakistan. Potential sales to India are also being considered. These potential sales have political, military, and defense industrial base implications for the United States and the South Asia region. H.R. 1553 and S. 12 would impose nonproliferation conditions on these sales. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6349/
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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European Union's Arms Control Regime and Arms Exports to China: Background and Legal Analysis
This report provides detailed background and legal analysis of the nature of the current European Union embargo on arms exports to China. It also provides detailed background on the European Union’s current Code of Conduct on Arms Exports. A strengthened version of the Code would be one of the control mechanisms that would remain should the EU lift the embargo on arms exports to China. This report also gives information on recent EU arms exports authorized for China. It further summarizes U.S. concerns regarding the lifting of the arms embargo, and notes the prospective timing of EU action on the embargo issue. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6345/
Weapons of Mass Destruction - the Terrorist Threat
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Nuclear Weapons Testing and Negotiation of a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons and Missiles: Status and Trends
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Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons and Missiles: The Current Situation and Trends
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Preventing Proliferation of Biological Weapons: U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet States
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Iran: Arms and Technology Acquisitions
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Iran: Arms and Weapons of Mass Destruction Suppliers
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Air Force F-22 Fighter Program: Background and Issues for Congress
The Air Force F-22 fighter, also known as the Raptor, is the world's most capable air-to-air combat aircraft. The administration wants to end F-22 procurement at 187 aircraft, and the administration's proposed FY2010 budget does not request funding for the procurement of additional F-22s in FY2010. The administration argues, among other things, that 187 F-22s will be sufficient in conjunction with other U.S. tactical aircraft. The issue of F-22 procurement has emerged as one of the highest-profile items of debate on the FY2010 defense budget. This report discusses both sides of the debate in detail. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26205/
U.N. Security Council Consideration of North Korea's Violations of its Nuclear Treaty Obligations
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress
This report discusses issues Congress faces regarding the Navy's proposed FY2010 budget, particularly as relating to destroyer procurement plans and programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689223/
Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress
This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) class aircraft carrier program. The Navy's proposed FY2016 budget requests a total of $2,633.1 million in procurement and advance procurement (AP) funding for CVN-78, CVN-79, and CVN-80, the first three ships in the program. Congress's decisions on the CVN-78 program could substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the shipbuilding industrial base. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689347/
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress
This report discusses the Navy's plans regarding the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS). The LCS is a relatively inexpensive Navy surface combatant equipped with modular "plug-and-fight" mission packages. The Navy wants to field a force of 55 LCSs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689308/
Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress
This report discusses issues Congress faces regarding the Navy's proposed FY2011 budget, particularly as relating to destroyer procurement plans and programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689354/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990
Report that discusses U.S. security assistance for Taiwan, formally called the Republic of China (ROC), particularly policy issues for Congress. It also lists sales of major defense articles and services to Taiwan, as approved by the President and notified to Congress since 1990. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227966/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
This report examines the Department of Defense's (DOD) four largest tactical aircraft modernization programs. The background section provides a brief description of each program, and a discussion of how tactical aircraft fit into military air operations: the missions they typically perform and how they contrast to longer-range combat aircraft. The analysis section examines a number of policy issues, including affordability, capability required, force structure, service roles and missions, industrial base, and transformation. The paper concludes with a synopsis of recent congressional action on these programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10306/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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U.S. Defense Articles and Services Supplied to Foreign Recipients: Restrictions on Their Use
In accordance with United States law, the U.S. Government places conditions on the use of defense articles and defense services transferred by it to foreign recipients. Violation of these conditions can lead to the suspension of deliveries or termination of the contracts for such defense items, among other things. This report covers the details and meanings of these reports. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86598/
The Marines' Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV): Background and Issues for Congress
This report discusses the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV), which is an armored amphibious vehicle program that originated two decades ago to replace the 1970s-era Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAV). The EFV has experienced a variety of developmental difficulties, which this report explores. This report also discusses potential related issues for Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103251/
The Marines' Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV): Background and Issues for Congress
This report discusses the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV), which is an armored amphibious vehicle program that originated two decades ago to replace the 1970s-era Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAV). The EFV has experienced a variety of developmental difficulties, which this report explores. This report also discusses potential related issues for Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc33115/
Joint Strike Fighter (JSF): Potential National Security Questions Pertaining to a Single Production Line
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