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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: August 25, 2006
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: The potential of terrorist attacks against agricultural targets (agroterrorism) is increasingly recognized as a national security threat, especially after the events of September 11, 2001. This report focuses primarily on biological weapons (rather than chemical weapons) because biological weapons generally are considered the more potent agroterrorism threat. This report also focuses more on the threat of agroterrorism against agricultural production, rather than on food processing and distribution, although the latter is discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling

Air Force Aerial Refueling

Date: June 29, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Aerial refueling aircraft are key to air operations. The U.S. tanker fleet is large and effective, but old. Modernizing or replacing the current fleet of tankers presents the Department of Defense (DOD) with difficult choices in terms of desired capabilities, force structure, and budget. How this fleet will be maintained or replaced, and on what schedule, has proven controversial.
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Air Force Aerial Refueling

Air Force Aerial Refueling

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling

Air Force Aerial Refueling

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Aerial refueling aircraft are key to air operations. The U.S. tanker fleet is large and effective, but old. Modernizing or replacing the current fleet of tankers presents the Department of Defense (DOD) with difficult choices in terms of desired capabilities, force structure, and budget. How this fleet will be maintained or replaced, and on what schedule, has proven controversial. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling

Air Force Aerial Refueling

Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Aerial refueling aircraft are key to military air operations. The U.S. tanker fleet is numerous and effective, but old. Modernizing or replacing the current fleet of tankers presents the Department of Defense (DOD) with difficult choices in terms of desired capabilities, force structure, and budget. The Air Force’s proposal to lease 100 Boeing 767 aircraft to replace it’s KC-135E fleet is controversial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling

Air Force Aerial Refueling

Date: September 19, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Aerial refueling aircraft are key to air operations. The U.S. tanker fleet is large and effective, but old. Modernizing or replacing the current fleet of tankers presents the Department of Defense (DOD) with difficult choices in terms of desired capabilities, force structure, and budget. How this fleet will be maintained or replaced, and on what schedule, has proven controversial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling Methods: Flying Boom versus Hose-and-Drogue

Air Force Aerial Refueling Methods: Flying Boom versus Hose-and-Drogue

Date: June 5, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Decisions on the composition of the Air Force aerial refueling fleet were made decades ago, when the primary mission was to refuel long-range strategic bombers. Modifications have been made to many of these tanker aircraft (KC-135s and KC-10s) to make them more effective in refueling fighter aircraft. This report examines the balance between two different refueling methods in today's refueling fleet -- "flying boom" and "hose-and-drogue."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling Methods:  Flying Boom versus Hose-and-Drogue

Air Force Aerial Refueling Methods: Flying Boom versus Hose-and-Drogue

Date: May 11, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Klaus, Jon D
Description: Decisions on the composition of the Air Force aerial refueling fleet were made decades ago, when the primary mission was to refuel long-range strategic bombers. Modifications have been made to many of these tanker aircraft (KC-135s and KC-10s) to make them more effective in refueling fighter aircraft. This report, which will be updated, examines the balance between two different refueling methods in today’s refueling fleet — “flying boom” and “hose-and-drogue.”
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling Methods: Flying Boom Versus Hose-and-Drogue

Air Force Aerial Refueling Methods: Flying Boom Versus Hose-and-Drogue

Date: June 5, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Bomber Contract Awarded

Air Force Bomber Contract Awarded

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Description: This report briefly discusses the Department of Defense's recent announcement of its intention to award the contract to build the new Long Range Strike Bomber (LRS-B) to Northrop Grumman Corporation. The program will continue under the LRS-B name; the Air Force has not yet assigned the aircraft a "B-3"-style type designation.
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Air Force F-22 Fighter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Air Force F-22 Fighter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 16, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Air Force F-22 fighter, also known as the Raptor, is the world's most capable air-to-air combat aircraft. The administration wants to end F-22 procurement at 187 aircraft, and the administration's proposed FY2010 budget does not request funding for the procurement of additional F-22s in FY2010. The administration argues, among other things, that 187 F-22s will be sufficient in conjunction with other U.S. tactical aircraft. The issue of F-22 procurement has emerged as one of the highest-profile items of debate on the FY2010 defense budget. This report discusses both sides of the debate in detail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force FB-22 Bomber Concept

Air Force FB-22 Bomber Concept

Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: The Air Force has expressed interest in developing a bomber variant of the F/A-22 Raptor to “bridge the gap” between today’s bombers and a follow-on bomber in 2037. Questions exist regarding the FB-22’s feasibility, cost, and combat potential.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force FB-22 Bomber Concept

Air Force FB-22 Bomber Concept

Date: June 5, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: The Air Force has expressed interest in developing a bomber variant of the F-22A Raptor to "bridge the gap" between today's bombers and a follow-on bomber in 2037. Questions exist regarding the FB-22's feasibility, cost, and combat potential.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Air Force KC-767 Tanker Lease Proposal: Key Issues for Congress

The Air Force KC-767 Tanker Lease Proposal: Key Issues for Congress

Date: September 2, 2003
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: The Air Force is proposing to replace 133 of its oldest Boeing KC-135E aerial refueling tanker aircraft by leasing 100 new Boeing KC-767 tankers instead of initially buying them outright. The proposed lease was authorized by Section 8159 of the FY2002 DOD Appropriations Act (P.L. 107-117 of January 10, 2002). The main issue for Congress is whether to approve or disapprove the lease. This report examines the lease proposal and its ramifications by providing background information on the Air Force’s tanker fleet, the Boeing 767 tanker, and the proposed lease itself. Then the report analyzes potential oversight issues for Congress relating to the merits of the proposed lease:
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Air Force KC-767 Tanker Lease Proposal: Key Issues for Congress

The Air Force KC-767 Tanker Lease Proposal: Key Issues for Congress

Date: August 29, 2003
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: The Air Force is proposing to replace 133 of its oldest Boeing KC-135E aerial refueling tanker aircraft by leasing 100 new Boeing KC-767 tankers instead of initially buying them outright. The proposed lease was authorized by Section 8159 of the FY2002 DOD Appropriations Act (P.L. 107-117 of January 10, 2002). The main issue for Congress is whether to approve or disapprove the lease. This report examines the lease proposal and its ramifications by providing background information on the Air Force’s tanker fleet, the Boeing 767 tanker, and the proposed lease itself. Then the report analyzes potential oversight issues for Congress relating to the merits of the proposed lease:
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force KC-46A Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Air Force KC-46A Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 25, 2011
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Description: On February 24, 2011, the Department of Defense (DOD) announced the Boeing Company as the winner of a competition to build 179 new KC-46A aerial refueling tankers for the Air Force. This report discusses the KC-46A acquisition program, which is a subject of intense interest because of the dollar value of the contract and the number of jobs it would create, among other things. This report also discusses several oversight issues that could arise for Congress, including if the contract award followed the DOD's announced competition strategy and metrics. This report also discusses this contract in respect to the FY2011 defense authorization bill and the FY2011 DOD appropriations bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force KC-X Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Air Force KC-X Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 30, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses proposed FY2010 defense budget requests $439.6 million in Air Force research and development funding to begin a new program for acquiring new 179 KC-X aerial refueling tankers. The issue for Congress in FY2010 is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Administration's request for FY2010 research and development funding for the new KC-X program, and whether to take any action to define the acquisition strategy for the new KC-X program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR): The U-2 Aircraft and Global Hawk UAV Programs

Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR): The U-2 Aircraft and Global Hawk UAV Programs

Date: December 1, 2000
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A & Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Among airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconaissance (ISR) platforms, the U-2 Dragon Lady and the RQ-4A Global Hawk are especially valuable. This report discusses how best to use existing and planned manned and unmanned ISR aircraft to most effectively satisfy the Department of Defense's (Dod) requirements for timely and accurate information on enemy forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airborne Laser (ABL): Issues for Congress

Airborne Laser (ABL): Issues for Congress

Date: October 22, 2003
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Hildreth, Steven A
Description: This report examines the airborne laser (ABL) program and budget status. It also examines a variety of related issues, including the questionable maturity of ABL technologies, the number of ABL platforms the United States should acquire, and to what degree the United STates should invest in alternative technologies in the event that the ABL may not prove successful. This report does not provide a detailed technical assessment of the ABL program (see CRS Report RL30185, The Airborne Laser Anti-Missile Program).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airborne Laser (ABL): Issues for Congress

Airborne Laser (ABL): Issues for Congress

Date: August 18, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Hildreth, Steven A
Description: This report examines the airborne laser (ABL) program and budget status. It also examines a variety of related issues, including the questionable maturity of ABL technologies, the number of ABL platforms the United States should acquire, and to what degree the United STates should invest in alternative technologies in the event that the ABL may not prove successful. This report does not provide a detailed technical assessment of the ABL program (see CRS Report RL30185, The Airborne Laser Anti-Missile Program).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty Demarcation and Succession Agreements: Background and Issues

Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty Demarcation and Succession Agreements: Background and Issues

Date: April 27, 2000
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: This report discusses the content of and issues related to the ABM Treaty Succession and Demarcation Agreements signed in September 1997.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antisatellites (Killer Satellites)

Antisatellites (Killer Satellites)

Date: March 21, 1983
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: This issue brief discusses "killer satellites," the unofficial moniker for antisatellite (ASAT) missiles possessed by the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as U.S. efforts to develop ASAT systems and simultaneously limit their development and use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process

Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process

Date: January 8, 2010
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report reviews the process and procedures that currently apply to congressional consideration of foreign arms sales proposed by the President. This includes consideration of proposals to sell major defense equipment, defense articles and services, or the re-transfer to third party nations of such military items.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process

Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process

Date: February 1, 2012
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report reviews the process and procedures that currently apply to congressional consideration of foreign arms sales proposed by the President. This includes consideration of proposals to sell major defense equipment, defense articles and services, or the re-transfer to third party nations of such military items.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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