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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: January 23, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Date: January 23, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kinetic Energy Kill for Ballistic Missile Defense: A Status Overview

Kinetic Energy Kill for Ballistic Missile Defense: A Status Overview

Date: January 18, 2006
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Attack Submarine Force-Level Goal and Procurement Rate: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Attack Submarine Force-Level Goal and Procurement Rate: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 18, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: January 18, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bioterrorism Countermeasure Development: Issues in Patents and Homeland Security

Bioterrorism Countermeasure Development: Issues in Patents and Homeland Security

Date: January 17, 2006
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H & Thomas, John R
Description: Congressional interest in the development of bioterrorism countermeasures remains strong, even after passage of legislation establishing Project BioShield. In the 109th Congress, several bills have been introduced, including S. 3, the Protecting America in the War on Terror Act, S. 975, the Project Bioshield II Act, and S. 1873, the Biodefense and Pandemic Vaccine and Drug Development Act, that would generate additional incentives for the creation of new technologies to counteract potential biological threats. These bills propose reforms to current policies and practices associated with intellectual property, particularly patents, and the marketing of pharmaceuticals and related products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Date: January 13, 2006
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: January 5, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Arms Sales: Agreements with and Deliveries to Major Clients, 1997-2004

U.S. Arms Sales: Agreements with and Deliveries to Major Clients, 1997-2004

Date: December 29, 2005
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 21, 2005
Creator: Geer, Harlan & Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling

Air Force Aerial Refueling

Date: September 19, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Aerial refueling aircraft are key to air operations. The U.S. tanker fleet is large and effective, but old. Modernizing or replacing the current fleet of tankers presents the Department of Defense (DOD) with difficult choices in terms of desired capabilities, force structure, and budget. How this fleet will be maintained or replaced, and on what schedule, has proven controversial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Warheads for Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues for Congress

Conventional Warheads for Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 6, 2005
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: This report provides an overview of the Administration’s rationale for the possible deployment of conventional warheads on long-range ballistic missiles. It then reviews the Air Force and Navy efforts to develop these systems. It summarizes congressional reaction to these proposals, then provides a more detailed account of the issues raised by these concepts and programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1997-2004

Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1997-2004

Date: August 29, 2005
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report is prepared annually to provide unclassified quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years. Some general data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. The data in the report illustrate how global patterns of conventional arms transfers have changed in the post-Cold War and post-Persian Gulf War years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Program: Background, Status, and Issues

F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Program: Background, Status, and Issues

Date: August 29, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses the background, status, and current issues of the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program. The F-35 JSF, also called the Lighting II, is a new strike fighter being procured in different versions by the Air Force, Marine Corps, and Navy. The F-35 program is the Department of Defense's (DOD's) largest weapon procurement program in terms of total estimated acquisition cost. This report details the Obama Administration's proposed FY2010 defense budget requests for F-35 program funding and outlines the issues that Congress must consider when deciding whether to approve, reject, or modify the administration's funding requests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airborne Laser (ABL): Issues for Congress

Airborne Laser (ABL): Issues for Congress

Date: August 18, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Hildreth, Steven A
Description: This report examines the airborne laser (ABL) program and budget status. It also examines a variety of related issues, including the questionable maturity of ABL technologies, the number of ABL platforms the United States should acquire, and to what degree the United STates should invest in alternative technologies in the event that the ABL may not prove successful. This report does not provide a detailed technical assessment of the ABL program (see CRS Report RL30185, The Airborne Laser Anti-Missile Program).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
V-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft

V-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Bunker Busters": Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Issues, FY2005 and FY2006

"Bunker Busters": Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Issues, FY2005 and FY2006

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: The Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP) program has been the most controversial nuclear weapon program in Congress for the last several years. Supporters argue that it is needed to attack hard and deeply buried targets (such as leadership bunkers) in countries of concern, thereby deterring or defeating challenges from such nations; critics assert that RNEP would lower the threshold for use of nuclear weapons and prompt other nations to develop nuclear weapons to deter U.S. attack. This report presents a brief technical background on RNEP, then discusses the history of RNEP in Congress and the Administration for the FY2005 and FY2006 budget cycles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cruise Missile Proliferation

Cruise Missile Proliferation

Date: July 28, 2005
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: Upon the submission of this report, about 75 countries possessed cruise missiles. Many experts predict that anti — ship and land attack cruise missile proliferation will increase in terms of both scope and technological sophistication.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missile Survey: Ballistic and Cruise Missiles of Selected Foreign Countries

Missile Survey: Ballistic and Cruise Missiles of Selected Foreign Countries

Date: July 26, 2005
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Date: July 25, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 22, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Deepwater program is a $24-billion, 25-year acquisition program to replace or modernize 93 Coast Guard ships and 207 Coast Guard aircraft. The Coast Guard’s FY2006 budget requests $966 million for the program. Some Members of Congress have strongly criticized the Deepwater program on several grounds. The House version of H.R. 2360, the FY2006 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill, reduces the FY2006 Deepwater funding request to $500 million; the Senate version reduces it to $905.6 million.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: The Reliable Replacement Warhead Program

Nuclear Weapons: The Reliable Replacement Warhead Program

Date: July 20, 2005
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Aircraft, the F/A-18EF Super Hornet Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Military Aircraft, the F/A-18EF Super Hornet Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 13, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department