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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Disposal of Chemical Weapons in the Ocean: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Disposal of Chemical Weapons in the Ocean: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 24, 2006
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evolutionary Acquisition and Spiral Development in DOD Programs: Policy Issues for Congress

Evolutionary Acquisition and Spiral Development in DOD Programs: Policy Issues for Congress

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Pagliano, Gary J & O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) in 2001 adopted a new approach for developing major weapon systems, called evolutionary acquisition with spiral development (EA/SD), as its preferred standard. EA/SD is intended to make DOD’s acquisition system more responsive to rapid changes in military needs. EA/SD poses potentially important challenges for Congress in carrying out its legislative functions, particularly committing to and effectively overseeing DOD weapon acquisition programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Command and Control: Current Programs and Issues

Nuclear Command and Control: Current Programs and Issues

Date: May 3, 2006
Creator: Critchlow, Robert D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: April 27, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: A Chronology of Events in 2005

North Korea: A Chronology of Events in 2005

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Manyin, Mark E & Fischer, Hannah
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Termination of Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) F136 Alternate Engine

Proposed Termination of Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) F136 Alternate Engine

Date: April 13, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Date: April 12, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: This report examines various issues regard Iran and its nuclear program.International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspections since 2003 have revealed two decades’ worth of undeclared nuclear activities in Iran, including uranium enrichment and plutonium separation efforts. Iran agreed in 2003 to suspend its enrichment and reprocessing activities in exchange for promises of assistance from Germany, France, and the UK (EU-3), but negotiations broke down in August 2005. On September 24, 2005, the IAEA Board of Governors found Iran to be in noncompliance with its Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) safeguards agreement (GOV/2005/77) and voted (GOV/2006/14) on February 4 to report Iran to the U.N. Security Council. The Security Council issued a presidential statement on March 29 that called upon Iran to reinstitute its voluntary suspension of enrichment and reprocessing and asked the IAEA to report on Iran’s compliance by April 28. On April 11, Iranian officials announced that they had enriched some uranium to 3.5% enrichment (fuel-grade).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Iraq's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Date: April 12, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: This report discusses suspicions of an Iranian nuclear weapons program, and Iran’s current plans — to construct seven nuclear power plants (1000 MW each) by 2025.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use - Background for Congress

Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use - Background for Congress

Date: April 12, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: April 5, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oversight of Dual-Use Biological Research: The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity

Oversight of Dual-Use Biological Research: The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity

Date: March 28, 2006
Creator: Shea, Dana A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: March 22, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: March 21, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Date: March 16, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Warheads For Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues for Congress

Conventional Warheads For Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 13, 2006
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: This report provides an overview of the Administration’s rationale for the possible deployment of conventional warheads on long-range ballistic missiles. It then reviews the Air Force and Navy efforts to develop these systems. It summarizes congressional reaction to these proposals, then provides a more detailed account of the issues raised by these concepts and programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: The Reliable Replacement Warhead Program

Nuclear Weapons: The Reliable Replacement Warhead Program

Date: March 9, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS): Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 28, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Bunker Busters": Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Issues, FY2005-FY2007

"Bunker Busters": Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Issues, FY2005-FY2007

Date: February 21, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: The Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP) program has been the most controversial nuclear weapon program in Congress for the last several years. Supporters argue that it is needed to attack hard and deeply buried targets (such as leadership bunkers) in countries of concern, thereby deterring or defeating challenges from such nations; critics assert that RNEP would lower the threshold for use of nuclear weapons and prompt other nations to develop nuclear weapons to deter U.S. attack. This report presents a brief technical background on RNEP, then discusses the history of RNEP in Congress and the Administration for the FY2005 and FY2006 budget cycles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy - Issues and Options for Congress

Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy - Issues and Options for Congress

Date: February 21, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches - Background and Options for Congress

Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches - Background and Options for Congress

Date: February 21, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: February 16, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Warheads for Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues for Congress

Conventional Warheads for Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 13, 2006
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: This report provides an overview of the Administration’s rationale for the possible deployment of conventional warheads on long-range ballistic missiles. It then reviews the Air Force and Navy efforts to develop these systems. It summarizes congressional reaction to these proposals, then provides a more detailed account of the issues raised by these concepts and programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department