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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2002
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Withdrawal from the ABM Treaty: Legal Considerations

Withdrawal from the ABM Treaty: Legal Considerations

Date: December 31, 2002
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: On December 13, 2001, President Bush gave formal notice to Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and the Ukraine that the United States was withdrawing from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty because of the constraints it imposes on the testing of missile defense systems; and six months later, on June 13, 2002, the treaty effectively terminated. The ABM Treaty has been in force since 1972. Pertinent legal questions that have been raised about U.S. withdrawal concern whether the treaty allows it; if so, the procedure to be followed; and, finally, the constitutionality of the President doing so unilaterally without the involvement of the Senate or Congress. This report briefly discusses these issues, as well as the recent federal district court decision in Kucinich v. Bush dismissing a suit by 32 members of the House challenging the constitutionality of the President’s action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process

Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process

Date: December 20, 2002
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report reviews the process and procedures that currently apply to congressional consideration of foreign arms sales proposed by the President. This includes consideration of proposals to sell major defense equipment, defense articles and services, or the re-transfer to third party nations of such military items.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: December 12, 2002
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: December 11, 2002
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: December 4, 2002
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: December 2, 2002
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Network-Centric Warfare Concept: Key Programs and Issues for Congress

Navy Network-Centric Warfare Concept: Key Programs and Issues for Congress

Date: November 25, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues

Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues

Date: November 25, 2002
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Date: November 25, 2002
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: November 5, 2002
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Weapons Convention: Issues for Congress

Chemical Weapons Convention: Issues for Congress

Date: October 29, 2002
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: The Convention provides the most extensive and intrusive verification regime of any arms control treaty, extending its coverage to not only governmental but also civilian facilities. The Convention also requires export controls and reporting requirements on chemicals that can be used as warfare agents and their precursors. The CWC establishes the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to oversee the Convention's implementation. Chemical Weapons Convention implementing legislation, as S. 610, passed the Senate unanimously on May 23, 1997. This legislation, which was an amendment in the nature of a substitute reported from the Judiciary Committee, provides the statutory authority for domestic compliance with the Convention's provisions. It sets criminal and civil penalties for the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, transfer, possession, or use of chemical weapons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Nuclear Weapons: Changes in Policy and Force Structure

U.S. Nuclear Weapons: Changes in Policy and Force Structure

Date: October 28, 2002
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program

F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program

Date: October 16, 2002
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses the background information, analysis and the recent developments in the F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program. The F-22 program raises questions about its cost and the need for this aircraft, the capabilities it would have, and the number of these planes needed to meet military requirements. The F-22 has had strong congressional support, although some have criticized the program on grounds of cost, requirements, and coordination with other tactical aircraft programs. Deletion of procurement funds in the FY2000 defense appropriation bill passed by the House made the future of the program a major issue for House and Senate conferees in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: October 15, 2002
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Weapons Convention: Issues for Congress

Chemical Weapons Convention: Issues for Congress

Date: September 17, 2002
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: The Convention provides the most extensive and intrusive verification regime of any arms control treaty, extending its coverage to not only governmental but also civilian facilities. The Convention also requires export controls and reporting requirements on chemicals that can be used as warfare agents and their precursors. The CWC establishes the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to oversee the Convention's implementation. Chemical Weapons Convention implementing legislation, as S. 610, passed the Senate unanimously on May 23, 1997. This legislation, which was an amendment in the nature of a substitute reported from the Judiciary Committee, provides the statutory authority for domestic compliance with the Convention's provisions. It sets criminal and civil penalties for the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, transfer, possession, or use of chemical weapons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: September 17, 2002
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues

Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues

Date: September 13, 2002
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Date: September 12, 2002
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program

F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program

Date: September 11, 2002
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses the background information, analysis and the recent developments in the F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program. The F-22 program raises questions about its cost and the need for this aircraft, the capabilities it would have, and the number of these planes needed to meet military requirements. The F-22 has had strong congressional support, although some have criticized the program on grounds of cost, requirements, and coordination with other tactical aircraft programs. Deletion of procurement funds in the FY2000 defense appropriation bill passed by the House made the future of the program a major issue for House and Senate conferees in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: September 10, 2002
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: September 6, 2002
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Network-Centric Warfare Concept: Key Programs and Issues for Congress

Navy Network-Centric Warfare Concept: Key Programs and Issues for Congress

Date: August 21, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program

F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program

Date: August 9, 2002
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses the background information, analysis and the recent developments in the F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program. The F-22 program raises questions about its cost and the need for this aircraft, the capabilities it would have, and the number of these planes needed to meet military requirements. The F-22 has had strong congressional support, although some have criticized the program on grounds of cost, requirements, and coordination with other tactical aircraft programs. Deletion of procurement funds in the FY2000 defense appropriation bill passed by the House made the future of the program a major issue for House and Senate conferees in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress

Date: August 9, 2002
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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