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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
C-17 Cargo Aircraft Program

C-17 Cargo Aircraft Program

Date: March 20, 2000
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: The C-17 Globemaster III is a long-range cargo/transport aircraft operated by the U.S. Air Force since 1993. Congress approved development of the aircraft in the late 1970s, when it was recognized that the Air Force did not have enough airlift capability. In 1981, the McDonnell Douglas C-17 emerged as winner of a competition with Boeing and Lockheed to develop a next-generation aircraft to replace C-130s and C-141s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
F-22 Aircraft Program

F-22 Aircraft Program

Date: March 21, 2000
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses the background information, analysis and the recent developments in the F-22 Aircraft Program. The F-22 program raises questions about its cost and the need for this aircraft, the capabilities it would have, and the number of these planes needed to meet military requirements. The F-22 has had strong congressional support, although some have criticized the program on grounds of cost, requirements, and coordination with other tactical aircraft programs. Deletion of procurement funds in the FY2000 defense appropriation bill passed by the House made the future of the program a major issue for House and Senate conferees in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty Demarcation and Succession Agreements: Background and Issues

Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty Demarcation and Succession Agreements: Background and Issues

Date: April 27, 2000
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: This report discusses the content of and issues related to the ABM Treaty Succession and Demarcation Agreements signed in September 1997.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric-Drive Propulsion for U.S. Navy Ships: Background and Issues for Congress

Electric-Drive Propulsion for U.S. Navy Ships: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 31, 2000
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and discusses issues for Congress regarding the use of electric-drive propulsion technology (as opposed to traditional mechanical-drive technology) on U.S. Navy ships. As a result of technological developments over the last few years, electric-drive technology has matured to the point where the Navy has selected it for use on its planned next-generation DD-21 land-attack destroyer and is considering it for use on other kinds of Navy ships as well.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons and Ballistic Missile Proliferation in India and Pakistan: Issues for Congress

Nuclear Weapons and Ballistic Missile Proliferation in India and Pakistan: Issues for Congress

Date: July 31, 2000
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Ballistic and Cruise Missiles

China: Ballistic and Cruise Missiles

Date: August 10, 2000
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: This CRS report contains three parts. The first part discusses ballistic missiles of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The second discusses the PRC’s cruise missiles. The last section offers concluding observations. Two tables summarize the discussion on current ballistic and cruise missiles in service or under development. The appendix, prepared by Robert Shuey, discusses China’s reported application of global positioning system (GPS) technology to improve the accuracy of its missiles. This report focuses on the status and current developments of China’s missile programs, rather than their history.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1992-1999

Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1992-1999

Date: August 18, 2000
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report is prepared annually to provide unclassified quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years. Some general data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. The data in the report illustrate how global patterns of conventional arms transfers have changed in the post-Cold War and post-Persian Gulf War years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Missile Defense and Early Warning Radars: Background and Issues

National Missile Defense and Early Warning Radars: Background and Issues

Date: August 25, 2000
Creator: Chasteen, Larry
Description: The Clinton Administration is scheduled to decide by Fall 2000 whether the United States should begin deploying a National Missile Defense (NMD) system.This system could achieve initial operational capability by 2005 and would be designed to protect the United States from a limited attack by intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs). As currently envisioned, the NMD system would operate as an integrated system that would rely on a variety of sensors to detect and track incoming missiles. One key program element is to upgrade the existing Early Warning Radars (EWR) so that they can detect and track the incoming missiles sooner. This report provides background information and technical details of these planned upgrades as well as their cost and schedule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Weapons Convention: Issues for Congress

Chemical Weapons Convention: Issues for Congress

Date: September 20, 2000
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: The Convention provides the most extensive and intrusive verification regime of any arms control treaty, extending its coverage to not only governmental but also civilian facilities. The Convention also requires export controls and reporting requirements on chemicals that can be used as warfare agents and their precursors. The CWC establishes the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to oversee the Convention's implementation. Chemical Weapons Convention implementing legislation, as S. 610, passed the Senate unanimously on May 23, 1997. This legislation, which was an amendment in the nature of a substitute reported from the Judiciary Committee, provides the statutory authority for domestic compliance with the Convention's provisions. It sets criminal and civil penalties for the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, transfer, possession, or use of chemical weapons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Foreign Conventional Arms Acquisitions: Background and Analysis

China's Foreign Conventional Arms Acquisitions: Background and Analysis

Date: October 10, 2000
Creator: Kan, Shirley A; Bolkcom, Christopher & O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report examines the major, foreign conventional weapon systems that China has acquired or has committed to acquire since 1990, with particular attention to implications for U.S. security concerns. It is not the assumption of this report that China’s military, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), will engage in conflict with other forces in Asia. Nonetheless, since the mid-1990s, there has been increasing concern about China’s assertiveness in Asia and greater threats against Taiwan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Airlift: C-17 Aircraft Program

Military Airlift: C-17 Aircraft Program

Date: October 17, 2000
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Fighter Aircraft Industrial Base: Parallels with the United States?

Russian Fighter Aircraft Industrial Base: Parallels with the United States?

Date: November 8, 2000
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Schwarzler, Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR): The U-2 Aircraft and Global Hawk UAV Programs

Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR): The U-2 Aircraft and Global Hawk UAV Programs

Date: December 1, 2000
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A & Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Among airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconaissance (ISR) platforms, the U-2 Dragon Lady and the RQ-4A Global Hawk are especially valuable. This report discusses how best to use existing and planned manned and unmanned ISR aircraft to most effectively satisfy the Department of Defense's (Dod) requirements for timely and accurate information on enemy forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: January 11, 2001
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: Arms and Technology Acquisitions

Iran: Arms and Technology Acquisitions

Date: January 26, 2001
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Current Policy Issues

China's Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Current Policy Issues

Date: May 16, 2001
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: This report provides a brief background analysis and recent developments regarding China’s Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles. The report includes topics such as: Recent Proliferation Transfers, chemical, nuclear, and missile technology sales to Iran, Pakistan, Libya, Syria, trade controls, nonproliferation and arms control.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Annual Arms Sales Process

Taiwan: Annual Arms Sales Process

Date: June 5, 2001
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Network-Centric Warfare Concept: Key Programs and Issues for Congress

Navy Network-Centric Warfare Concept: Key Programs and Issues for Congress

Date: June 6, 2001
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Missile Defense: Russia's Reaction

National Missile Defense: Russia's Reaction

Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons and Missiles: The Current Situation and Trends

Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons and Missiles: The Current Situation and Trends

Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Shuey, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1993-2000

Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1993-2000

Date: August 16, 2001
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report is prepared annually to provide unclassified quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years. Some general data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. The data in the report illustrate how global patterns of conventional arms transfers have changed in the post-Cold War and post-Persian Gulf War years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers from U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Actions and Chronology

China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers from U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Actions and Chronology

Date: September 5, 2001
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: This CRS Report discusses security concerns, significant congressional and administration action, and a comprehensive chronology pertaining to satellite exports to the PRC. The report discusses issues for U.S. foreign and security policy (including that on China and weapons nonproliferation), such as: What are the benefits and costs of satellite exports to China for U.S. economic and security interests? Should the United States continue, change, or cease the policy in place since the Reagan Administration that has allowed exports of satellites to China (for its launch and – increasingly – for its use)? Etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biological and Chemical Weapons: Criminal Sanctions and Federal Regulations

Biological and Chemical Weapons: Criminal Sanctions and Federal Regulations

Date: September 13, 2001
Creator: Jennings, Christopher Alan
Description: Various federal regulations and criminal sanctions apply to biological and chemical weapons. Some of the provisions are broadly drafted, covering biological and chemical weapons as well as other controlled material and technology. Some focus on biological and chemical weapons as such. Recent anti-terrorism legislation, Public Law 107-56, amended many of these provisions, broadening the scope criminal sanctions relating to the use of biological and chemical weapons and materials. This report outlines provisions criminalizing certain uses of biological and chemical weapons, and references other relevant domestic and international material.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Sanctions: Section 102(b) of the Arms Export Control Act and Its Application to India and Pakistan

Nuclear Sanctions: Section 102(b) of the Arms Export Control Act and Its Application to India and Pakistan

Date: October 5, 2001
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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