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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Report containing the information regarding the Navy's Ohio replacement program, including its budget and Congressional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The MX Basing Debate: The Reagan Plan and Alternatives

The MX Basing Debate: The Reagan Plan and Alternatives

Date: November 2, 1981
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report discusses the Reagan MX basing plan, and the FY82 Defense authorization bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MX Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Program

MX Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Program

Date: December 14, 1981
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report discusses the MX Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM),which is designed to be the most lethal strategic ballistic missile in the world. The missile was developed by the U.S. Air Force to augment the capabilities of the presently deployed ICBM force, which together with Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBMs) and manned strategic bomber aircraft form the triad of U.S. strategic nuclear offensive forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense’s Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program

Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense’s Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report describes the basic elements and issues of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. It defines basic activities supported by the program, presents budget trends, discusses the management of program, and describes the infrastructure in which the program is implemented. This report is for staff new to the area of defense research and for senior staff interested in historical trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Missile Defense and Early Warning Radars: Background and Issues

National Missile Defense and Early Warning Radars: Background and Issues

Date: August 25, 2000
Creator: Chasteen, Larry
Description: The Clinton Administration is scheduled to decide by Fall 2000 whether the United States should begin deploying a National Missile Defense (NMD) system.This system could achieve initial operational capability by 2005 and would be designed to protect the United States from a limited attack by intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs). As currently envisioned, the NMD system would operate as an integrated system that would rely on a variety of sensors to detect and track incoming missiles. One key program element is to upgrade the existing Early Warning Radars (EWR) so that they can detect and track the incoming missiles sooner. This report provides background information and technical details of these planned upgrades as well as their cost and schedule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: April 18, 2003
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses U.S. arms sales to Taiwan, or Republic of China (ROC), including policy issues for Congress and legislation. The Taiwan Relations Act (TRA), P.L. 96-8, has governed U.S. arms sales to Taiwan since 1979, when the United States recognized the People’s Republic of China (PRC) instead of the ROC. There are two other relevant elements of the “one China” policy: the August 17, 1982 U.S.-PRC Joint Communique and the “Six Assurances” made to Taiwan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Border Surveillance

Homeland Security: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Border Surveillance

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to improve border security is a technique that has garnered congressional attention. This report examines the strengths and limitations of deploying UAVs along the borders and related issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missile Defense: The Current Debate

Missile Defense: The Current Debate

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A.
Description: This report provides background information on the Bush Administration's proposed approach toward the development and deployment of missile defense. It also discusses key related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Semiautomatic Assault Weapons Ban

Semiautomatic Assault Weapons Ban

Date: December 16, 2004
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report focuses on the use and interpretation of firearms trace data produced by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Indian and Pakistani Nuclear Weapons Status

Indian and Pakistani Nuclear Weapons Status

Date: February 17, 2005
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: Until 2005, India and Pakistan were the only states outside the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty to declare, openly, their nuclear weapons capability. In 1998, they tested nuclear weapons and since then, deployed ballistic missiles, enunciated nuclear doctrine, and made organizational changes to their nuclear establishments. In 2002, they teetered on the brink of war in Kashmir. This report summarizes Indian and Pakistani nuclear weapon capabilities and thinking, and discusses some confidence-building measures in place intended to help avert nuclear war.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Republic of the Marshall Islands Changed Circumstances Petition to Congress

Republic of the Marshall Islands Changed Circumstances Petition to Congress

Date: March 14, 2005
Creator: Lum, Thomas; Thomas, Kenneth R; Redhead, C. Stephen; Bearden, David M; Holt, Mark & Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report summarizes U.S. nuclear testing on the Marshall Islands, U.S. compensation efforts to date, relevant provisions in the Compact of Free Association, and the Changed Circumstances Petition. It analyzes several issues related to the personal injury, health care, and property damages claims in the Petition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Architecture and Ship Acquisition: Selected FY2006 Issues for Congress

Navy Force Architecture and Ship Acquisition: Selected FY2006 Issues for Congress

Date: March 15, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report is based on CRS testimony at a March 10, 2005, hearing on Navy force structure and ship acquisition before the Projection Forces Subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee. Since February 2003, if not earlier, there has been no current, officially approved, unambiguous plan for the future size and structure of the Navy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 1, 2005
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Deepwater program, which is a 20- to 25-year acquisition effort to replace or modernize 93 aging Coast Guard ships and 207 aging Coast Guard aircraft. The program’s estimated total acquisition cost is $19 billion to $24 billion. On March 25, 2005 the Coast Guard submitted to Congress a revised implementation plan for the program that alters the planned capabilities and numbers of Deepwater assets and the schedule for acquiring or modernizing them. Some Members of Congress have criticized the revised implementation plan. The Coast Guard’s proposed FY2006 budget requests $966 million for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Aircraft, the F/A-18EF Super Hornet Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Military Aircraft, the F/A-18EF Super Hornet Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 8, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses aviation modernization program, more specifically the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet program and Key issues surrounding the program that relate to the total number of Super Hornets to be procured.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Small Arms and Light Weapons Transfers: U.S. Policy

International Small Arms and Light Weapons Transfers: U.S. Policy

Date: June 27, 2006
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report provides general background on U.S. policy regarding the international trade in small arms and light weapons (SA/LW). It outlines major questions associated with the international trade in these items, and reviews United States efforts to assist in controlling the illicit transfers of these items. This report will be revised as developments warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
India-U.S. Relations

India-U.S. Relations

Date: July 31, 2006
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report discusses issues regarding contemporary relations between India and the U.S. Continuing U.S. interest in South Asia focuses on ongoing tensions between India and Pakistan, a problem rooted in unfinished business from the 1947 Partition and competing claims to the Kashmir region. The United States also seeks to curtail the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles in South Asia. U.S. concerns about human rights issues related to regional dissidence and separatism in several Indian states also continue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy - Issues and Options for Congress

Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy - Issues and Options for Congress

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses issue for Congress for FY2007, as it was for FY2006, is whether to approve, reject, or modify the proposal to retire the navy aircraft carrier Kennedy and reduce the carrier force to 11 ships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy - Issues and Options for Congress

Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy - Issues and Options for Congress

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses issue for Congress for FY2007, as it was for FY2006, is whether to approve, reject, or modify the proposal to retire the navy aircraft carrier Kennedy and reduce the carrier force to 11 ships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: December 22, 2006
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Integrated Deepwater Systems (IDS) program, or Deepwater program for short, which is a $24-billion, 25-year project to replace and modernize the Coast Guard’s aging fleet of deepwater-capable ships and aircraft. It is the largest and most complex acquisition effort in Coast Guard history, encompassing 91 new cutters, 124 new small surface craft, and 244 new or converted airplanes, helicopters, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Administration’s annual funding requests and overall approach for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: March 12, 2007
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: The potential of terrorist attacks against agricultural targets (agroterrorism) is increasingly recognized as a national security threat, especially after the events of September 11, 2001. This report focuses primarily on biological weapons (rather than chemical weapons) because biological weapons generally are considered the more potent agroterrorism threat. This report also focuses more on the threat of agroterrorism against agricultural production, rather than on food processing and distribution, although the latter is discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sea-Based Ballistic Missile Defense — Background and Issues for Congress

Sea-Based Ballistic Missile Defense — Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 26, 2007
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the changing role and finance of sea-based systems in U.S. ballistic missile defense (BMD). Decisions that Congress reaches on this issue could affect U.S. BMD capabilities and funding requirements; the size, capabilities, and operational patterns of the Navy and the other services; and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy-Marine Corps Amphibious and Maritime Prepositioning Ship Programs: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Navy-Marine Corps Amphibious and Maritime Prepositioning Ship Programs: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Date: July 10, 2007
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy-Marine corps amphibious and maritime prepositioning ship programs. The Navy is proposing to maintain in coming years a Navy with 31 amphibious ships and an additional squadron of 14 Maritime Prepositioning Force (Future), or MPF(F), ships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)

Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)

Date: January 16, 2008
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report looks at the background and current status of the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), which was formed to increase international cooperation in interdicting shipments of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Arms Control: The Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty

Nuclear Arms Control: The Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty

Date: January 18, 2008
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides background information regarding the Nuclear Arms Control negotiations between U.S. and Russia. In addition it discusses treaties, the content and form of the agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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