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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Evolutionary Acquisition and Spiral Development in DOD Programs: Policy Issues for Congress

Evolutionary Acquisition and Spiral Development in DOD Programs: Policy Issues for Congress

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Pagliano, Gary J & O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) in 2001 adopted a new approach for developing major weapon systems, called evolutionary acquisition with spiral development (EA/SD), as its preferred standard. EA/SD is intended to make DOD’s acquisition system more responsive to rapid changes in military needs. EA/SD poses potentially important challenges for Congress in carrying out its legislative functions, particularly committing to and effectively overseeing DOD weapon acquisition programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Policy and Funding: Military Uses of Space

Space Policy and Funding: Military Uses of Space

Date: May 4, 1984
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Issues

Space Issues

Date: August 20, 1987
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Articles and Bibliography on the Military Uses of Space

Selected Articles and Bibliography on the Military Uses of Space

Date: April 12, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Termination of Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) F136 Alternate Engine

Proposed Termination of Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) F136 Alternate Engine

Date: April 13, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oversight of Dual-Use Biological Research: The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity

Oversight of Dual-Use Biological Research: The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity

Date: March 28, 2006
Creator: Shea, Dana A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons Complex Reconfiguration: Analysis of an Energy Department Task Force Report

Nuclear Weapons Complex Reconfiguration: Analysis of an Energy Department Task Force Report

Date: February 1, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Explosions in Space: The Threat of EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse)

Nuclear Explosions in Space: The Threat of EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse)

Date: December 15, 1983
Creator: Chatham, George N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Command and Control: Current Programs and Issues

Nuclear Command and Control: Current Programs and Issues

Date: May 3, 2006
Creator: Critchlow, Robert D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use - Background for Congress

Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use - Background for Congress

Date: April 12, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kinetic Energy Kill for Ballistic Missile Defense: A Status Overview

Kinetic Energy Kill for Ballistic Missile Defense: A Status Overview

Date: January 18, 2006
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Iraq's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Date: April 12, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: This report discusses suspicions of an Iranian nuclear weapons program, and Iran’s current plans — to construct seven nuclear power plants (1000 MW each) by 2025.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazilian Trade Policy and the United States

Brazilian Trade Policy and the United States

Date: February 3, 2006
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: As the largest and one of the most influential countries in Latin America, Brazil has emerged as a leading voice for developing countries in setting regional and multilateral trade agendas. Brazil is critical of U.S. trade policies such as the Byrd Amendment (repealed, but program in effect until October 1, 2007), which directs duties from trade remedy cases to affected industries, the administration of trade remedy rules, and what it considers to be discriminatory treatment in the U.S. expansion of free trade agreements in Latin America. Despite the differences, both countries recognize the potential for important gains to be had from mutually acceptable trade liberalization at all levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
F-22A Raptor

F-22A Raptor

Date: May 24, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: The F-22A Raptor is a next-generation fighter/attack aircraft that features the latest stealth technology to reduce detection by radar. Using more advanced engines and avionics than the current F-15 Eagle, the F-22A is intended to maintain U.S. Air Force capabilities against more sophisticated enemy aircraft and air defenses in the 21st century. This report examines the Air Force’s F-22A Raptor program, including costs and schedule; considers several key issues, and concludes with a synopsis of recent legislative activity on the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Attack Submarine Force-Level Goal and Procurement Rate: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Attack Submarine Force-Level Goal and Procurement Rate: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 25, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: A Chronology of Events in 2005

North Korea: A Chronology of Events in 2005

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Manyin, Mark E & Fischer, Hannah
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy - Issues and Options for Congress

Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy - Issues and Options for Congress

Date: May 24, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: April 27, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antisatellites (Killer Satellites)

Antisatellites (Killer Satellites)

Date: March 21, 1983
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: This issue brief discusses "killer satellites," the unofficial moniker for antisatellite (ASAT) missiles possessed by the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as U.S. efforts to develop ASAT systems and simultaneously limit their development and use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost Overruns in Major Weapon Systems: Current Dimensions of a Longstanding Problem

Cost Overruns in Major Weapon Systems: Current Dimensions of a Longstanding Problem

Date: October 15, 1983
Creator: Lockwood, David E
Description: This paper reviews the initiatives of the Reagan Administration to control cost overruns during the last 2 and a half years and the actions taken by the Congress to strengthen its oversight role. Particular attention is directed at the critical need to enhance management incentive and accountability at all level of the acquisition process. If recently instituted reform in the Department of Defense fail to control cost overruns, pressure may grow for a more sweeping and radical approach. Serious consideration in such an event might even be given to removing responsibility for weapons acquisition management for the military service and assigning it to a civilian-operated supply agency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Date: April 12, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: This report examines various issues regard Iran and its nuclear program.International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspections since 2003 have revealed two decades’ worth of undeclared nuclear activities in Iran, including uranium enrichment and plutonium separation efforts. Iran agreed in 2003 to suspend its enrichment and reprocessing activities in exchange for promises of assistance from Germany, France, and the UK (EU-3), but negotiations broke down in August 2005. On September 24, 2005, the IAEA Board of Governors found Iran to be in noncompliance with its Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) safeguards agreement (GOV/2005/77) and voted (GOV/2006/14) on February 4 to report Iran to the U.N. Security Council. The Security Council issued a presidential statement on March 29 that called upon Iran to reinstitute its voluntary suspension of enrichment and reprocessing and asked the IAEA to report on Iran’s compliance by April 28. On April 11, Iranian officials announced that they had enriched some uranium to 3.5% enrichment (fuel-grade).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Reagan's START Proposal: Projected U.S./U.S.S.R. Ballistic Missile Forces

President Reagan's START Proposal: Projected U.S./U.S.S.R. Ballistic Missile Forces

Date: June 9, 1982
Creator: Tinajero, A.A.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department