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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Air Force Aerial Refueling
Aerial refueling aircraft are key to military air operations. The U.S. tanker fleet is numerous and effective, but old. Modernizing or replacing the current fleet of tankers presents the Department of Defense (DOD) with difficult choices in terms of desired capabilities, force structure, and budget. The Air Force’s proposal to lease 100 Boeing 767 aircraft to replace it’s KC-135E fleet is controversial. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7399/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6111/
Iran's Ballistic Missile Capabilities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6110/
U.S. Arms Sales: Agreements with and Deliveries to Major Clients, 1996-2003
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6107/
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons: How Soon an Arsenal?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6109/
U.S. Nuclear Weapons: Changes in Policy and Force Structure
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6095/
Nuclear Warhead "Pit" Production: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6097/
Missile Survey: Ballistic and Cruise Missiles of Foreign Countries
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6093/
Project BioShield
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6593/
Small-Scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents: An Assessment Framework and Preliminary Comparisons
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10059/
Border Security and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to improve border security is a technique that has garnered congressional attention. This report examines the strengths and limitations of deploying UAVs along the borders and related issues for Congress. This report is not intended to provide in-depth information regarding technical or military capabilities of UAVs, but to discuss their application at the border. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6112/
Air Force FB-22 Bomber Concept
The Air Force has expressed interest in developing a bomber variant of the F/A-22 Raptor to “bridge the gap” between today’s bombers and a follow-on bomber in 2037. Questions exist regarding the FB-22’s feasibility, cost, and combat potential. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6117/
Homeland Security: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Border Surveillance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6113/
Navy Attack Submarine Force-Level Goal and Procurement Rate: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6588/
Cruise Missile Defense
Congress has expressed interest in cruise missile defense for years. Cruise missiles (CMs) are essentially unmanned attack aircraft — vehicles composed of an airframe, propulsion system, guidance system, and weapons payload. The Department of Defense is pursuing several initiatives that seek to improve capabilities against an unpredictable cruise missile threat. These initiatives compete for funding and congressional attention. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6369/
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1996-2003
This report is prepared annually to provide unclassified quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years. Some general data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. The data in the report illustrate how global patterns of conventional arms transfers have changed in the post-Cold War and post-Persian Gulf War years. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6105/
Small-scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents: An Assessment Framework and Preliminary Comparisons
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6102/
Navy-Marine Corps Amphibious and Maritime Prepositioning Ship Programs: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6101/
Ricin: Technical Background and Potential Role in Terrorism
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6108/
Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6104/
"Bunker Busters": Sources of Confusion in the Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Debate
The Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP), often called a “bunker buster,” is at present the subject of a cost and feasibility study to determine if either of two nuclear bombs, the B61 and the B83, could be modified, mainly by adding a heavy, pointed case, so as to be able to penetrate perhaps 10 meters into earth or rock. This penetration would increase the weapon’s ability, by a factor of 20 to 50, to destroy hardened and deeply buried facilities. The RNEP debate has received much attention and spawned much confusion. This report examines sources of confusion in this debate. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6106/
Navy Attack Submarine Force-Level Goal and Procurement Rate: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6103/
Navy CVN-21 Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6742/
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS): Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6746/
Nuclear Weapon Initiatives: Low-Yield R&D, Advanced Concepts, Earth Penetrators, Test Readiness
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6099/
Navy Ship Procurement Rate and the Planned Size of the Navy: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6849/
Navy Trident Submarine Conversion (SSGN) Program: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6739/
Navy-Marine Corps Amphibious and Maritime Prepositioning Ship Programs: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6592/
Homeland Security: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Border Surveillance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7857/
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5972/
Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Budget Request and Plan, FY2005-FY2009
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6115/
Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Budget Request and Plan, FY2005-FY2009
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6114/
Disarming Libya: Weapons of Mass Destruction
On December 19, 2003, Libya announced it would dismantle its weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and ballistic missile programs. Since then, U.S., British, and international officials have inspected and removed or destroyed key components of those programs, and Libya has provided valuable information, particularly about foreign suppliers. Libya’s WMD disarmament is a critical step towards reintegration into the world community, and a necessary but probably not sufficient prerequisite for lifting U.S. sanctions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6116/
Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Budget Request and Plan, FY2005-FY2009
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6100/
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6092/
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6091/
Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Budget Request and Plan, FY2005-FY2009
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6098/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7828/
Project BioShield: Legislative History and Side-by-Side Comparison of H.R. 2122, S. 15, and S. 1504
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7386/
Navy Ship Acquisition in the FY2005 Budget: Oversight Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7091/
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues
Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6389/
Terrorism: Background on Chemical, Biological, and Toxin Weapons and Options for Lessening Their Impact
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6094/
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6096/
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues
Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6387/
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues
Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6388/