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 Country: Russia
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Nuclear Arms Control: The Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty

Nuclear Arms Control: The Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty

Date: January 18, 2008
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides background information regarding the Nuclear Arms Control negotiations between U.S. and Russia. In addition it discusses treaties, the content and form of the agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons R&D Organizations in Nine Nations

Nuclear Weapons R&D Organizations in Nine Nations

Date: February 22, 2013
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan; Mix, Derek E.; Belkin, Paul; Nikitin, Mary Beth; Kan, Shirley A.; Zanotti, Jim et al.
Description: This report describes the organizations controlling research and development (R&D) on nuclear weapons (i.e., nuclear explosive devices, as distinct from the bombers and missiles that carry them) in these nations, and presents a brief history of the organizations controlling nuclear weapons R&D in the United States. It discusses whether these organizations are civilian or military, though in many nations the lines between civilian and military are blurred.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Evolution of Cooperative Threat Reduction: Issues for Congress

The Evolution of Cooperative Threat Reduction: Issues for Congress

Date: July 8, 2013
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth D. & Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides information on the wide range of programs that the United States is pursuing to secure and eliminate nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and materials and to prevent hostile nations and terrorist organizations from gaining access to these weapons or the knowledge and materials needed to manufacture and use them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Next Steps in Nuclear Arms Control with Russia: Issues for Congress

Next Steps in Nuclear Arms Control with Russia: Issues for Congress

Date: January 6, 2014
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report discusses the role of nuclear arms control in the U.S.-Soviet relationship, bilateral treaties and unilateral steps the United States took to alter its nuclear posture, and the role of arms control in the U.S.- Russian relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Arms Control: The Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty

Nuclear Arms Control: The Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty

Date: December 30, 2008
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of U.S. and Russian objectives when they began discussions on the 1994 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) and a summary of how they resolved these differences when concluding the negotiations. It then describes the key provisions in the Treaty and presents illustrative forces that each side might deploy in the next 10 years. It offers a brief assessment of how each nation fared in achieving its objectives when negotiating this agreement and a summary of reaction from U.S. and Russian commentators. It concludes with a brief review of the issues raised during the Treaty's ratification debates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions

The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions

Date: November 24, 2010
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: The United States and Russia signed a new strategic arms reduction treaty - known as New START - on April 8, 2010. This treaty is designed to replace the 1991 Strategic Arms Reductions Treaty (START), which expired, after 15 years of implementation, on December 5, 2009. This report provides an overview of New START, including a comparison to the original START Treaty, the belief of the Obama Administration and outside analysts that New START will enhance U.S. national security, and the criticisms of those who say that New START (and, indeed, the entire issue of U.S.-Russian arms control) is a distraction from more important items on the nonproliferation agenda.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Date: February 14, 2012
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: During the Senate debate on the new U.S.-Russian Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) in 2010, many Senators raised questions about Russian nonstrategic nuclear weapons and noted their absence from the treaty limits. The United States and Russia have not included limits on these weapons in past arms control agreements. Nevertheless, Congress may press the Administration to seek solutions to the potential risks presented by these weapons in the future. This report looks at issues for Congress to consider regarding US weapons policy in light of the START agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides basic information about U.S. and Russian nonstrategic nuclear weapons. It begins with a brief discussion of how these weapons have appeared in public debates in the past few decades, then summarizes the differences between strategic and nonstrategic nuclear weapons. It then provides some historical background, describing the numbers and types of nonstrategic nuclear weapons deployed by both nations during the Cold War and in the past decade; the policies that guided the deployment and prospective use of these weapons; and the measures that the two sides have taken to reduce and contain their forces. The report reviews the issues that have been raised with regard to U.S. and Russian nonstrategic nuclear weapons, and summarizes a number of policy options that might be explored by Congress, the United States, Russia, and other nations to address these issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Missile Technology and Nuclear Reactor Transfers to Iran

Russian Missile Technology and Nuclear Reactor Transfers to Iran

Date: July 29, 1998
Creator: Goldman, Stuart D; Katzman, Kenneth; Shuey, Robert & Behrens, Carl E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Missile Defense: Russia's Reaction

National Missile Defense: Russia's Reaction

Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department