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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

Date: June 18, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report covers two proposed permit drafts by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding Vessel General Permits (VGPs): one for large vessels to replace the 2008 VGP (draft VGP), and one for smaller vessels that currently are covered by a congressionally-enacted temporary moratorium (draft sVGP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

Date: June 18, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: In November 2011 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed two Clean Water Act permits to regulate certain types of discharges from vessels into U.S. waters. This report is an overview of the proposed permits and two key issues: inclusion of numeric performance standards to limit ballast water discharges from vessels, and controversies about the role of states in regulating vessel discharges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydropower: Federal and Nonfederal Investment

Hydropower: Federal and Nonfederal Investment

Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses the changing energy and economic landscape, as well as the roughly 25 bills introduced by the 112th Congress regarding hydropower (the use of flowing water to produce electricity). Congress is examining numerous energy sources to determine their contribution to the nation's energy portfolio and the federal role in supporting these sources, including hydropower.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Firearms at Army Corps Water Resources Projects: Proposed Legislation and Issues for Congress

Firearms at Army Corps Water Resources Projects: Proposed Legislation and Issues for Congress

Date: July 12, 2012
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This rport discusses issues for Congress regarding public safety and infrastructure security at water resource projects managed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Proposed legislation would bar the Secretary of the Army from promulgating or enforcing regulations that prohibit individuals from possessing firearms (including assembled or functional firearms) at Corps projects and instead require that firearms possession comply with state law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydraulic Fracturing and Safe Drinking Water Act Issues

Hydraulic Fracturing and Safe Drinking Water Act Issues

Date: July 12, 2012
Creator: Tiemann, Mary & Vann, Adam
Description: This report reviews past and proposed treatment of hydraulic fracturing under the Safe Water Drinking Act, the principal federal statute for regulating the underground injection of fluids to protect groundwater sources of drinking water. It reviews current provisions for regulating underground injection activities, and discusses some possible implications of, and issues associated with, enactment of legislation authorizing the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate hydraulic fracturing under this statute.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drought in the United States: Causes and Issues for Congress

Drought in the United States: Causes and Issues for Congress

Date: August 15, 2012
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report describes the physical causes of drought, drought history in the United States, and policy challenges related to drought. It also provides examples of recurrent regional drought conditions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Access to Clean Drinking Water and Sanitation: U.S. and International Programs

Global Access to Clean Drinking Water and Sanitation: U.S. and International Programs

Date: September 10, 2012
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: Report that focuses on bilateral water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) schemes authorized by the Water for the Poor Act. This report identifies some issues that donors and U.S. agencies face while carrying out global drinking water and sanitation projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act and Pollutant Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)

Clean Water Act and Pollutant Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)

Date: September 21, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the total maximum daily load (TMDL) program which regulates pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained; section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. The report focuses on new challenges facing the TMDL program, including more complex TMDLs, larger scale impairments, and nonpoint sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reallocation of Water Storage at Federal Water Projects for Municipal and Industrial Water Supply

Reallocation of Water Storage at Federal Water Projects for Municipal and Industrial Water Supply

Date: October 31, 2012
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: Report that analyzes the legal and policy issues associated with reallocation of water under the Water Supply Act of 1958 (WSA) and industrial (M&I) water supply use at Lake Lanier as an example.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Inland Waterways: Recent Proposals and Issues for Congress

Inland Waterways: Recent Proposals and Issues for Congress

Date: August 5, 2013
Creator: Stern, Charles V.
Description: This report discusses the major issues for Congress which include whether to increase inland waterway funding in the future (and by what amount); the appropriate type of revenue stream (e.g., fuel taxes or lockage fees) for the user-required portion of these projects; division of the cost-share responsibilities between the federal government and commercial users (e.g., 50/50 or some other division); and whether to initiate process-based recommendations that some argue will improve the delivery and efficiency of Corps-led IWTF projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department