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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Drought in the United States: Causes and Issues for Congress

Drought in the United States: Causes and Issues for Congress

Date: June 12, 2012
Creator: Folger, Peter; Cody, Betsy A. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report defines drought and discusses its background and cause in the United States. It looks in detail at the 2007-2009 California drought as well as drought in the American West in general. Lastly, it discusses the future of U.S. drought and how congressional policy can affect drought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Wild and Scenic Rivers Act and Federal Water Rights

The Wild and Scenic Rivers Act and Federal Water Rights

Date: January 18, 2001
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions

Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions

Date: August 22, 2002
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions

Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions

Date: December 18, 2002
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions

Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions

Date: March 7, 2003
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reallocation of Water Storage at Federal Water Projects for Municipal and Industrial Water Supply

Reallocation of Water Storage at Federal Water Projects for Municipal and Industrial Water Supply

Date: October 31, 2012
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: Report that analyzes the legal and policy issues associated with reallocation of water under the Water Supply Act of 1958 (WSA) and industrial (M&I) water supply use at Lake Lanier as an example.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drought Legislation: Comparison of Selected Provisions in H.R. 2898 and S. 1894

Drought Legislation: Comparison of Selected Provisions in H.R. 2898 and S. 1894

Date: September 4, 2015
Creator: Stern, Charles V.; Sheikh, Pervaze A.; Cody, Betsy A.; Carter, Nicole T. & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report summarizes the provisions of S. 1894, as introduced, and H.R. 2898, as passed by the House for conservation of fish species and their habitats in drought-stricken areas. It identifies comparable provisions between the two bills and discusses some of the ways in which those provisions overlap or differ. It also summarizes selected other major provisions in each bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Western Water and Drought: Legislative Analysis of H.R. 2898 and S. 1894

Western Water and Drought: Legislative Analysis of H.R. 2898 and S. 1894

Date: December 23, 2015
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A.; Cody, Betsy A.; Stern, Charles V.; Carter, Nicole T.; Luther, Linda & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report summarizes and analyzes several key provisions in H.R. 2898 and S. 1894. It includes analysis of provisions specific to California, such as the management of threatened and endangered fish populations in relation to pumping operations of the Central Valley Project (CVP) and the State Water Project (SWP) as well as provisions that are broader in scope and might have nationwide implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drought Policy, Response, and Preparedness

Drought Policy, Response, and Preparedness

Date: October 27, 2014
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Cody, Betsy A.
Description: This report examines the various ways Congress and other federal, state, and local policymakers are considering to prepare for and respond to drought; how to coordinate actions and assign responsibilities; and who bears the costs of impacts, disaster response, and long-term adjustment to drought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wetland Issues

Wetland Issues

Date: April 5, 2006
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses various wetland policy topics, of particular interest are statements by the Bush Administration shortly after the 2004 election that restoration of 3 million wetland acres would be a priority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy-Water Nexus: The Water Sector's Energy Use

Energy-Water Nexus: The Water Sector's Energy Use

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report provides background on energy for facilities that treat and deliver water to end users and also dispose of and discharge wastewater. This report first discusses water-related energy use broadly and then energy for facilities that treat and deliver water to end users and also dispose of and discharge wastewater.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Water Assistance During Drought: Federal Non-Agricultural Programs

Emergency Water Assistance During Drought: Federal Non-Agricultural Programs

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.; Cowan, Tadlock & Barrett, Joanna
Description: This report discusses droughts in relation to several issues for Congress, including how to measure and predict drought, how to prepare, and how to coordinate federal agency actions responding to drought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Date: December 15, 2010
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report examines recent congressional interest in the security of wastewater utilities, and whether or not to include water utilities in chemical plant security regulations implemented by Department of Homeland Security. Damage to or destruction of the nation's water supply and water quality infrastructure by terrorist attack or natural disaster could disrupt the delivery of vital human services in this country, threatening public health and the environment, or possibly causing loss of life. Interest in such problems has increased greatly since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Approaches to Defining "Waters of the United States"

Legislative Approaches to Defining "Waters of the United States"

Date: December 29, 2010
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report seeks to clarify the scope of the Clean Water Act (CWA) in the wake of Supreme Court decisions in 2001 and 2006 that interpreted the law's jurisdiction more narrowly than prior case law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Date: July 28, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report presents an overview of the large and diverse sector of water infrastructure systems, describes security-related actions by the government and private sector since September 11, and discusses additional policy issues and responses, including congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydropower: Federal and Nonfederal Investment

Hydropower: Federal and Nonfederal Investment

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi; Stern, Charles V. & Vann, Adam
Description: This report explains how the federal government is involved directly in hydropower generation at federal facilities and in the regulation of nonfederal hydropower generation; the focus is on current roles and processes and common concerns and questions about changing those roles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Date: November 28, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report examines the possibility of damage to or destruction of the nation's water supply and water quality infrastructure by terrorist attack or natural disaster, which could disrupt the delivery of vital human services in this country, threatening public health and the environment, or possibly causing loss of life. Interest in such problems increased after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Approaches to Defining "Waters of the United States"

Legislative Approaches to Defining "Waters of the United States"

Date: April 30, 2010
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report seeks to clarify the scope of the Clean Water Act (CWA) in the wake of Supreme Court decisions in 2001 and 2006 that interpreted the law's jurisdiction more narrowly than prior case law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Date: November 17, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report presents an overview of the large and diverse sector of water infrastructure systems, describes security-related actions by the government and private sector since September 11, 2001, and discusses additional policy issues and responses, including congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Date: March 16, 2010
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report presents an overview of the large and diverse sector of water infrastructure systems, describes security-related actions by the government and private sector since September 11, 2001, and discusses additional policy issues and responses, including congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Date: January 6, 2010
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report presents an overview of the large and diverse sector of water infrastructure systems, describes security-related actions by the government and private sector since September 11, 2001, and discusses additional policy issues and responses, including congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund Expenditures

Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund Expenditures

Date: January 25, 2010
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: This report reviews the legislative history of the Harbor Maintenance Tax (HMT) and legal challenges to it, discusses the advantages and disadvantages of alternative funding mechanisms, and describes the commercial context of current dredging activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Date: May 26, 2009
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report presents an overview of the large and diverse sector of water infrastructure systems, describes security-related actions by the government and private sector since September 11, 2001, and discusses additional policy issues and responses, including congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

Date: December 7, 2009
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Folger, Peter & Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report discusses California's current hydrological situation and provides background on regulatory restrictions affecting California water deliveries, as well as on the long-established state water rights system, which also results in uneven water deliveries in times of shortages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department