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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues

Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Carter, Nicole T; Hughes, H. Steven; Sheikh, Pervaze A & Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Wetlands Coverage of the Clean Water Act is Revisited by the Supreme Court: Rapanos v. United States

The Wetlands Coverage of the Clean Water Act is Revisited by the Supreme Court: Rapanos v. United States

Date: September 12, 2006
Creator: Meltz, Robert & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the Supreme Court decision in Rapanos v. United States, which addressed the asserted jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) over wetlands adjacent to "waters of the United States," the problematic phrase used by the Clean Water Act (CWA) to define the geographic scope of the act's wetlands permitting program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Section 401: Background and Issues

Clean Water Act Section 401: Background and Issues

Date: October 5, 2006
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Section 401 of the Clean Water Act requires that an applicant for a federal license or permit provide a certification that any discharges from the facility will comply with the Act, including water quality standard requirements. Disputes have arisen over the states' exercise of authority under Section 401. Until recently, much of the debate over the Section 401 certification issue has been between states and hydropower interests. A 1994 Supreme Court decision which upheld the states' authority in this area dismayed development and hydroelectric power interest groups. The Court revisited these issues in a 2006 ruling that unanimously upheld the states' authority to condition hydropower licenses. The dispute between states and industry groups about Section 401 authority has been a legislative issue on several occasions, but Congress has not responded by modifying the provision's scope. In addition, there has been interest in clarifying whether Section 401 certification applies to nonpoint source discharges, such as rainfall runoff, as well as point source discharges from pipes or ditches.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Western Water Resource Issues

Western Water Resource Issues

Date: October 18, 2006
Creator: Cody, Betsy A & Sheikh, Pervaze A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Western Water Resource Issues

Western Water Resource Issues

Date: October 18, 2006
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Description: This report discusses the debate over western water resources, which revolves around the issue of how best to plan for and manage the use of this renewable, yet sometimes scarce and increasingly sought after, resource.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Perchlorate Contamination of Drinking Water: Regulatory Issues and Legislative Actions

Perchlorate Contamination of Drinking Water: Regulatory Issues and Legislative Actions

Date: January 10, 2007
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report reviews perchlorate water contamination issues and developments. Concern over the potential health risks of perchlorate exposure has increased, and some states and members of Congress have urged the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set a drinking water standard for perchlorate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: Background and Issues in the 109th Congress

Safe Drinking Water Act: Background and Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: January 10, 2007
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report examines the Safe Drinking Water Act, which is the key federal law for protecting public water supplies from harmful contaminants. First enacted in 1974 and broadly amended in 1986 and 1996, the act is administered through programs that regulate contaminants in public water supplies, provide funding for infrastructure projects, protect sources of drinking water, and promote the capacity of water systems to comply with SDWA regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act (CWPPRA): Effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on Implementation

Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act (CWPPRA): Effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on Implementation

Date: January 24, 2007
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: This report discusses the Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act (CWPPRA), which enacted in 1990 and administered by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, has funded wetland restoration projects for more than 10 years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: April 30, 2007
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Integrated Deepwater Systems (IDS) program, or Deepwater program which is the largest and most complex acquisition effort in Coast Guard history, encompassing 91 new cutters, 124 new small surface craft, and 244 new or converted airplanes, helicopters, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA Regulation of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)

Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA Regulation of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)

Date: August 31, 2007
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report provides background on the revised environmental rules, the previous Clean Water Act rules and the Clinton Administration proposal, and perspectives of key interest groups on the proposal and final regulations. It also identifies several issues that could be of congressional interest as implementation of the revised rules proceeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department