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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
EPA Policies Concerning Integrated Planning and Affordability of Water Infrastructure

EPA Policies Concerning Integrated Planning and Affordability of Water Infrastructure

Date: May 2, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report examines two recent initiatives by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in which the agency works with states to develop and implement new approaches for water quality goals that will be more cost-effective and address the most pressing water infrastructure problems first. The examples include an integrated planning policy and a framework policy for assessing a community's financial capability to meet objectives and requirements of the Clean Water Act (CWA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: Implementation and Issues

Safe Drinking Water Act: Implementation and Issues

Date: December 8, 2004
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses key drinking water issues in the 108th Congress involving water infrastructure funding and problems caused by specific contaminants, such as the gasoline additive methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), perchlorate, and lead in drinking water. Congress last reauthorized the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) in 1996, and although funding authority for most SDWA programs expired in FY2003, broad reauthorization efforts were not pursued as EPA, states, and water utilities continued implementing the 1996 amendments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Flood Risk Management Standard (FFRMS)

Federal Flood Risk Management Standard (FFRMS)

Date: May 25, 2016
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.; Brown, Jared T. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard (FFRMS), which is the principal mechanism for accomplishing the flood risk management policies established by President Obama in Executive Order (E.O.) 13690. The FFRMS is a flood resilience standard that is required for "federally funded projects."
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EPA Policies Concerning Integrated Planning and Affordability of Water Infrastructure

EPA Policies Concerning Integrated Planning and Affordability of Water Infrastructure

Date: April 1, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report examines recent initiatives by EPA, an integrated planning policy, and a framework policy for assessing a community's financial capability to meet objectives and requirements of the Clean Water Act (CWA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues in the 109th Congress

Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: March 13, 2006
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.
Description: The Corps is a federal agency in the Department of Defense with military and civilian responsibilities. At the direction of Congress, the Corps plans, builds, operates, and maintains a wide range of water resources facilities in U.S. states and territories.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Review of Fluoridation and Regulation Issues

Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Review of Fluoridation and Regulation Issues

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses the documented benefits and potential adverse effects associated with the fluoridation of drinking water supplies. It also discusses the regulation of fluoride in drinking water to protect against adverse health effects from exposure to higher levels of fluoride, and it reviews the status of federal efforts to update the health risk assessment for fluoride.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Date: March 31, 2006
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Resources, Science, and Industry Division.
Description: This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drinking Water State Revolving Fund: Program Overview and Issues

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund: Program Overview and Issues

Date: February 22, 2008
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Amendments of 1996, which authorized a drinking water state revolving loan fund (DWSRF) program to help public water systems finance infrastructure projects needed to comply with federal drinking water regulations and to protect public health.
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Rural Water Supply and Sewer Systems: Background Information

Rural Water Supply and Sewer Systems: Background Information

Date: August 25, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the Safe Drinking Water Act and the Clean Water Act, which impose requirements regarding drinking water quality and wastewater treatment in rural areas. Approximately 27% of the U.S. population lives in areas defined by the Census Bureau as rural. Many rural communities need to complete water and waste disposal projects to improve the public health and environmental conditions of their citizens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lead in Flint, Michigan's Drinking Water: Federal Regulatory Role

Lead in Flint, Michigan's Drinking Water: Federal Regulatory Role

Date: March 2, 2016
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses the federal regulatory role in regards to drinking water, more specifically in the context of the Flint water crisis. EPA's current Flint responses include providing technical assistance for water testing and treatment, conducting water monitoring, and identifying lead service line locations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Wetlands Coverage of the Clean Water Act Is Revisited by the Supreme Court: Rapanos v. United States

The Wetlands Coverage of the Clean Water Act Is Revisited by the Supreme Court: Rapanos v. United States

Date: April 22, 2008
Creator: Meltz, Robert & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the Supreme Court decision in Rapanos v. United States, which addressed the asserted jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) over wetlands adjacent to "waters of the United States," the problematic phrase used by the Clean Water Act (CWA) to define the geographic scope of the act's wetlands permitting program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Western Water Resource Issues

Western Water Resource Issues

Date: October 18, 2006
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Description: This report discusses the debate over western water resources, which revolves around the issue of how best to plan for and manage the use of this renewable, yet sometimes scarce and increasingly sought after, resource.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations

Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: March 30, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report provides an overview of political and economic conditions in Mexico, followed by assessments of some key issues of congressional interest in Mexico: security and foreign aid, extraditions, human rights, trade, migration, energy, education, and water issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA Regulation of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)

Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA Regulation of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)

Date: August 31, 2007
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report provides background on the revised environmental rules, the previous Clean Water Act rules and the Clinton Administration proposal, and perspectives of key interest groups on the proposal and final regulations. It also identifies several issues that could be of congressional interest as implementation of the revised rules proceeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities: Impacts, Needs, and Response

Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities: Impacts, Needs, and Response

Date: March 22, 2006
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes information that has been gathered about impacts of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on drinking water and wastewater treatment facilities and on ongoing efforts to assess damages and needs to repair and reconstruct damaged systems.
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Perchlorate Contamination of Drinking Water: Regulatory Issues and Legislative Actions

Perchlorate Contamination of Drinking Water: Regulatory Issues and Legislative Actions

Date: January 10, 2007
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report reviews perchlorate water contamination issues and developments. Concern over the potential health risks of perchlorate exposure has increased, and some states and members of Congress have urged the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set a drinking water standard for perchlorate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Perchlorate Contamination of Drinking Water: Regulatory Issues and Legislative Actions

Perchlorate Contamination of Drinking Water: Regulatory Issues and Legislative Actions

Date: February 3, 2006
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report reviews perchlorate water contamination issues and developments. Concern over the potential health risks of perchlorate exposure has increased, and some states and members of Congress have urged the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set a drinking water standard for perchlorate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act (CWPPRA): Effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on Implementation

Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act (CWPPRA): Effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on Implementation

Date: January 24, 2007
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: This report discusses the Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act (CWPPRA), which enacted in 1990 and administered by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, has funded wetland restoration projects for more than 10 years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Corps of Engineers Project Authorization Issues

Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Corps of Engineers Project Authorization Issues

Date: October 4, 2007
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.; Hughes, H. S.; Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: WRDA is the main legislative vehicle for Corps civil works authorizations. This report considers the current status of WRDA and major issues shaping WRDA consideration in the 110th Congress, including changes to Corps project development practices and policies, coastal Louisiana wetlands restoration activities, Upper Mississippi River Illinois Waterway (UMR-IWW) investments, and Everglades restoration projects.
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EPA and the Army Corps' Rule to Define "Waters of the United States"

EPA and the Army Corps' Rule to Define "Waters of the United States"

Date: January 4, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes the revised rule of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) which defines the scope of waters protected under the Clean Water Act (CWA). Agencies refer to this final rule as the Clean Water Rule. This report includes a table comparing the existing regulatory language that defines "waters of the United States" with the revisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lead in Flint, Michigan's Drinking Water: Federal Regulatory Role

Lead in Flint, Michigan's Drinking Water: Federal Regulatory Role

Date: February 16, 2016
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses the federal regulatory role in regards to drinking water, more specifically in the context of the Flint water crisis. Lead exposure is a major public health concern, particularly because low-level exposures can impair the neurodevelopment of children. The main source of lead in drinking water is the corrosion of plumbing materials in the distribution system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities: Impacts, Needs, and Response

Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities: Impacts, Needs, and Response

Date: October 19, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes information that has been gathered about impacts of the August 29 hurricane (Hurricane Katrina) on drinking water and wastewater treatment facilities, and on ongoing efforts to assess damages and needs to repair and reconstruct damaged systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Infrastructure Financing: The Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (WIFIA) Program

Water Infrastructure Financing: The Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (WIFIA) Program

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report examines "Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act" (WIFIA), which details a program that would provide a way to help finance water infrastructure projects. This program was included in the Water Resources Reform and Development Act of 2014 (WRRDA, P.L. 113-121). A five-year WIFIA pilot program was outlined in Title V, Subtitle C, of the legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA and the Army Corps' "Waters of the United States" Rule: Congressional Response and Options

EPA and the Army Corps' "Waters of the United States" Rule: Congressional Response and Options

Date: January 20, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses several options Congress had in order to respond to controversy caused by the May 27th, 2015 rule that was finalized by the Army Corps of Engineers (the Corps) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This finalized rule revised regulations that defined the scope of waters protected under the Clean Water Act (CWA). Congress' legislative options are reflected in bills in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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