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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Rural Water Supply and Sewer Systems: Background Information

Rural Water Supply and Sewer Systems: Background Information

Date: January 20, 1999
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act and TMDLs

Clean Water Act and TMDLs

Date: September 11, 1997
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation of this provision has been dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits. The TMDL issue has become controversial, in part because of requirements and costs now facing states to implement a 25-year-old provision of the law. Congressional activity to reauthorize the Act, a possibility in the 2nd Session of the 105th Congress, could include TMDL issues, but the direction for any such action is unclear at this time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Leaking Underground Storage Tank Cleanup Issues

Leaking Underground Storage Tank Cleanup Issues

Date: February 17, 1999
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund (LUST)

Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund (LUST)

Date: August 28, 1997
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Section 401: Background and Issues

Clean Water Act Section 401: Background and Issues

Date: October 4, 1998
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Section 401 of the Clean Water Act requires that an applicant for a federal license or permit provide a certification that any discharges from the facility will comply with the Act, including water quality standard requirements. Disputes have arisen over the states' exercise of authority under Section 401. Until recently, much of the debate over the Section 401 certification issue has been between states and hydropower interests. A 1994 Supreme Court decision which upheld the states' authority in this area dismayed development and hydroelectric power interest groups. The dispute between states and industry groups was a legislative issue in the 104th Congress through an amendment to a House-passed Clean Water Act re-authorization bill; the Senate did not act on that bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ocean Dumping Act: A Summary of the Law

Ocean Dumping Act: A Summary of the Law

Date: January 22, 1999
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Toxic Pollutants and the Clean Water Act: Current Issues

Toxic Pollutants and the Clean Water Act: Current Issues

Date: September 21, 1993
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Issues in the 104th Congress

Clean Water Issues in the 104th Congress

Date: December 1, 1994
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: For the 104th Congress, reauthorization of the Clean Water Act would seem likely to be a priority, since the Act was last amended in 1987 and authorizations expired on September 30, 1990. But legislative prospects in the 104th Congress are uncertain. Clean water also was a priority for the 103rd Congress, but, in 1994, Congress ran out of time and did not act on comprehensive amendments. Many of the issues proved to be too complex and controversial to be resolved easily, while Congress also was considering a large agenda of environmental and other bills. Controversies arose in connection with issues specific to the Clean Water Act and a trio of regulatory relief issues that became barriers to a number of bills in the 103rd Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water: Summary of H.R. 961, As Passed

Clean Water: Summary of H.R. 961, As Passed

Date: May 30, 1995
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: The Clean Water Act, which was last amended in 1987, consists of two major parts: regulatory provisions that impose progressively more stringent requirements on industries and cities to abate pollution and meet the statutory goal of zero discharge of pollutants, and provisions that authorize Federal financial assistance for municipal wastewater treatment construction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Great Lakes Water Quality: Current Issues

Great Lakes Water Quality: Current Issues

Date: May 17, 1996
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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