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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Overview of New Emissions Regulations

Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Overview of New Emissions Regulations

Date: October 5, 2000
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: This report reviews the final regulations on diesel fuel and diesel engine emissions signed by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Carol Browner December 21, 2000 and promulgated January 18, 2001. This report examines the rule’s potential impacts on fuel supply, summarizes the issues related to pollution controls, discusses potential impacts on the economy, and discusses issues raised by the timing and implementation schedule of the proposed rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport and Airway Trust Fund Issues in the 106th Congress

Airport and Airway Trust Fund Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: November 2, 2000
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: This report briefly discusses the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (AIR21 or FAIR21), which helps ensure that all aviation trust fund receipts (including interest) are spent for aviation purposes on an annual basis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety - Federal Program and Legislative Issues

Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety - Federal Program and Legislative Issues

Date: December 28, 2000
Creator: Rothberg, Paul F & Hassan, Hussein D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D; McCarthy, James E; Fischer, John W; Segarra, Alejandro E & Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: This report reviews the final regulations on diesel fuel and diesel engine emissions signed by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Carol Browner December 21, 2000 and promulgated January 18, 2001. This report examines the rule’s potential impacts on fuel supply, summarizes the issues related to pollution controls, discusses potential impacts on the economy, and discusses issues raised by the timing and implementation schedule of the proposed rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards

Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Issues in the 107th Congress

Transportation Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: January 23, 2001
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Overview and Options

Amtrak: Overview and Options

Date: January 25, 2001
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: This report discusses Amtrak, an intercity railway transit system that being operatios in 1971. Amtrak receives considerable criticism for its inability to make a profit. The central policy issue, which this report addresses, is the following: Given that a national system of passenger rail service appears to be inherently unprofitable, as is the case for other public services, do we as a Nation wish to preserve our system or to liquidate it?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY2001: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Date: February 12, 2001
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Improvement Program

Airport Improvement Program

Date: February 26, 2001
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, the impact of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (FAIR21, P.L. 106-181), funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, and AIP and PFC policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Issues in the 107th Congress

Transportation Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: April 30, 2001
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Date: May 1, 2001
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D; McCarthy, James E; Fischer, John W; Segarra, Alejandro E & Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: This report reviews the final regulations on diesel fuel and diesel engine emissions signed by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Carol Browner December 21, 2000 and promulgated January 18, 2001. This report examines the rule’s potential impacts on fuel supply, summarizes the issues related to pollution controls, discusses potential impacts on the economy, and discusses issues raised by the timing and implementation schedule of the proposed rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airline Passenger Rights Legislation in the 107th Congress

Airline Passenger Rights Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: August 17, 2001
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This report examines legislation pertaining to airline consumer protection in the 107th Congress. For background it first summarizes legislation proposed in the 106th Congress and the airlines’ response. The report then briefly examines the findings of the Department of Transportation Inspector General’s February 13, 2001 report on airline customer service. It then discusses the legislative remedies proposed in the 107th Congress. Finally, a side-by-side presentation of provisions from six airline passenger rights bills is set forth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation Congestion: Proposed Non-Air Traffic Control Remedies

Aviation Congestion: Proposed Non-Air Traffic Control Remedies

Date: September 5, 2001
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: The debate amongst airlines, airports, and government as to who should be blamed for the record flight delays is long-standing. A concomitant debate continues to occur as to solutions to this problem. The two apparent points of agreement are that ultimately there is no single cause of the delays and there is no single solution to the problem. Congress and the Bush Administration are examining a number of non-air traffic control strategies that might be useful in reducing delay both in the short and long term. Most of these efforts focus on expanding airport capacity or using existing capacity better. These include: new runway construction; environmental streamlining to speed up construction; allocation of airport space by use of economic incentives, i.e. peak period pricing; or administrative means, i.e. antitrust immunity to allow airline schedule coordination. All of the potential remedies engender some element of controversy, but the level of controversy varies significantly by suggested remedy. This report provides a brief overview and analysis of remedies currently under consideration by Congress and the Administration.
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Unemployment Related to Terrorist Attacks: Proposals to Assist Affected Workers in the Airlines and Related Industries

Unemployment Related to Terrorist Attacks: Proposals to Assist Affected Workers in the Airlines and Related Industries

Date: October 12, 2001
Creator: Graney, Paul J
Description: This report discusses the proposal to assist affected workers in the airlines and related industries in the aftermath of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon that shut down the nation’s air transport system temporarily.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hazardous Materials Transportation: Vulnerability to Terrorists, Federal Activities, and Options to Reduce Risks

Hazardous Materials Transportation: Vulnerability to Terrorists, Federal Activities, and Options to Reduce Risks

Date: October 15, 2001
Creator: Rothberg, Paul F
Description: This report discusses the scope and nature of the vulnerability of hazardous materials (hazmats) transportation and its potential relations to terrorists attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation Security Technologies and Procedures: Screening Passengers and Baggage

Aviation Security Technologies and Procedures: Screening Passengers and Baggage

Date: October 26, 2001
Creator: Morgan, Daniel
Description: Following the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, there is intense congressional interest in improving the security screening process for airline passengers and their baggage. In the United States, screening is the responsibility of the airlines, which generally contract the work out to screening companies. The Federal Aviation Administration has regulatory authority, deploys security equipment in airports, and conducts research and development on security technology. Congress has begun to consider several bills in this area that have been introduced since the September 11 attacks, as well as Administration proposals and actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Legislation in the 107th Congress

Coast Guard Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: December 13, 2001
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: In the 107th Congress, the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2001, House-passed H.R. 1699, would authorize the agency’s programs for FY2002. The report contains numerous provisions on Coast Guard operations and activities. H.R. 2481, as reported, includes certain housing and maritime safety provisions; S. 1214, as reported, would establish a seaport security program. P.L. 107-20 (H.R. 2216), the FY2001 emergency supplemental appropriations bill, increased FY2001 Coast Guard funding by $92 million.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Aviation Security Legislation in the Aftermath of the September 11 Attack

Selected Aviation Security Legislation in the Aftermath of the September 11 Attack

Date: December 14, 2001
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2002: Transportation and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY2002: Transportation and Related Agencies

Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Kirk, Robert S & Peterman, David Randall
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Legislation in the 107th Congress

Coast Guard Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: January 22, 2002
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: In the 107th Congress, the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2001, House-passed H.R. 1699, would authorize the agency’s programs for FY2002. The report contains numerous provisions on Coast Guard operations and activities. H.R. 2481, as reported, includes certain housing and maritime safety provisions; S. 1214, as reported, would establish a seaport security program. P.L. 107-20 (H.R. 2216), the FY2001 emergency supplemental appropriations bill, increased FY2001 Coast Guard funding by $92 million.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Railroad Retirement: Legislation in the 107th Congress

Railroad Retirement: Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: January 22, 2002
Creator: Kelly, Rachel W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 28, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations--Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations--Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: In response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Coast Guard significantly increased homeland-security operations to protect U.S. ports and waterways from potential maritime terrorist threats. The Coast Guard accomplished this in part by diverting resources from other missions. Increased requirements for homeland-security operations after September 11 appear to have added to a pre-existing tension between Coast Guard mission responsibilities and available resources. The Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard's legal authorities, the Coast Guard's location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department