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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Aviation Safety: FAA Near Midair Collision Reports

Aviation Safety: FAA Near Midair Collision Reports

Date: August 13, 1987
Creator: Moore, J. Glen
Description: This report discusses the minimum separation distance in a near midair collision report which the event must meet in order to be classified a "near miss." If a pilot of flight crew member subjectively believes that the near miss occurred, the report of that event is accepted by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and counts as a near miss in the FAA data base regardless of the actual separation distance. While no proximity limits are placed on near midair collision reports, the agency does attempt to categorize each reported encounter by degree of hazard represented from an aviation safety perspective.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture as a Source of Barge Demand on the Upper Mississippi and Illinois Rivers: Background and Issues

Agriculture as a Source of Barge Demand on the Upper Mississippi and Illinois Rivers: Background and Issues

Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report provides background on the linkage between U.S. agriculture and the UMR-IWW navigation system. In addition, it explores several of the key issues and uncertainties behind evolving trade patterns and projections for future agricultural freight traffic on the UMR-IWW navigation system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Date: July 8, 2005
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Overview and Options

Amtrak: Overview and Options

Date: January 25, 2001
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: This report discusses Amtrak, an intercity railway transit system that being operatios in 1971. Amtrak receives considerable criticism for its inability to make a profit. The central policy issue, which this report addresses, is the following: Given that a national system of passenger rail service appears to be inherently unprofitable, as is the case for other public services, do we as a Nation wish to preserve our system or to liquidate it?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation Congestion: Proposed Non-Air Traffic Control Remedies

Aviation Congestion: Proposed Non-Air Traffic Control Remedies

Date: September 5, 2001
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: The debate amongst airlines, airports, and government as to who should be blamed for the record flight delays is long-standing. A concomitant debate continues to occur as to solutions to this problem. The two apparent points of agreement are that ultimately there is no single cause of the delays and there is no single solution to the problem. Congress and the Bush Administration are examining a number of non-air traffic control strategies that might be useful in reducing delay both in the short and long term. Most of these efforts focus on expanding airport capacity or using existing capacity better. These include: new runway construction; environmental streamlining to speed up construction; allocation of airport space by use of economic incentives, i.e. peak period pricing; or administrative means, i.e. antitrust immunity to allow airline schedule coordination. All of the potential remedies engender some element of controversy, but the level of controversy varies significantly by suggested remedy. This report provides a brief overview and analysis of remedies currently under consideration by Congress and the Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: Peterman, David Randall & Harrison, Glennon J
Description: Amtrak was created by Congress in 1970 to provide intercity passenger railroad service. Without a yearly federal grant to cover operating losses, Amtrak would not survive as presently configured. This issue brief discusses reform proposals from both the Administration and Amtrak in the 109th Congress. It addresses the appropriations requested by Amtrak, the reluctance of the Administration to provide aid, and its willingness to let Amtrak enter bankruptcy, resulting in restructuring and reform of inefficient operations.
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Keeping America's Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Keeping America's Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Date: March 13, 2012
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: Nearly half a million miles of pipeline transporting natural gas, oil, and other hazardous liquids crisscross the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage. The nation's pipeline networks are also widespread and vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attack. As it oversees the federal pipeline safety program and the federal role in pipeline security, Congress may wish to assess how the various elements of U.S. pipeline safety and security fit together in the nation's overall strategy to protect transportation infrastructure. Pipeline safety and security necessarily involve many groups: federal agencies, oil and gas pipeline associations, large and small pipeline operators, and local communities. Reviewing how these groups work together to achieve common goals could be an oversight challenge for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Essential Air Service (EAS): Frequently Asked Questions

Essential Air Service (EAS): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: October 3, 2012
Creator: Tang, Rachel
Description: This report provides an overview of the Essential Air Service (EAS) program and the legislative issues surrounding it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department