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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy in February 2006 proposed to maintain in coming years a fleet of 313 ships, including, among other things, 11 aircraft carriers, 48 attack submarines (SSNs), 88 cruisers and destroyers, 55 Littoral Combat Ships (LCSs), 31 amphibious ships, and a Maritime Prepositioning Force (Future), or MPF(F), squadron with 12 new-construction amphibious and sealift-type ships. The Navy says that for its shipbuilding plans to be affordable and executable, the Navy needs to control certain non-shipbuilding expenditures and build ships within estimated costs. The Navy's shipbuilding plans raise potential issues regarding the shipbuilding industrial base, particularly in the areas of the submarine design and engineering base, and the surface combatant construction base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Legislation in the 109th Congress

Climate Change Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: August 4, 2006
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a continuing issue in the 109th Congress. Bills directly addressing climate change issues range from those focused primarily on climate change research to comprehensive emissions cap-and-trade programs. Additional bills focus on GHG reporting and registries, or on power plant emissions of carbon dioxide, as part of wider controls on pollutant emissions. The bills vary in their approaches to climate change issues. This report briefly discusses the basic concepts on which these bills are based and compares major provisions of the bills in each of the following categories: climate change research, technology deployment, GHG reporting and registries, and emissions reduction programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is an interagency committee that serves the President in overseeing the national security implications of foreign investment in the economy. Since it was established by an Executive Order of President Ford in 1975, the committee has operated in relative obscurity.1 According to a Treasury Department memorandum, the Committee originally was established in order to placate Congress, which had grown concerned over the rapid increase in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) investments in American portfolio assets (Treasury securities, corporate stocks and bonds), and to respond to concerns of some that much of the OPEC investments were being driven by political, rather than by economic, motives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The proposed acquisition of major operations in six major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation sparked intense concerns among some Members of Congress and the public and has reignited the debate over what role foreign acquisitions play in U.S. national security. The United States actively promotes internationally the national treatment of foreign firms. Several Members of Congress have introduced various measures during the 2nd Session of the 109th Congress that can be grouped into four major areas: those that deal specifically with the proposed Dubai Ports World acquisition; those that focus more generally on foreign ownership of U.S. ports; those that would amend the CFIUS process; and those that would amend the Exon-Florio process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy DDG-1000 (DD(X)), CG(X), and LCS Ship Acquisition Programs: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress

Navy DDG-1000 (DD(X)), CG(X), and LCS Ship Acquisition Programs: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress

Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches - Background and Options for Congress

Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches - Background and Options for Congress

Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use - Background for Congress

Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use - Background for Congress

Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Communications Policy

Public Safety Communications Policy

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: The 9/11 Commission called for a systematic analysis of transportation assets, the risks to those assets, and the costs and benefits of different approaches to defending those assets. A key challenge facing Congress is balancing the desire for and cost of increased rail passenger security with the impacts of security measures on the operating efficiency of passenger rail systems, with the potential costs that could be incurred in the event of one or more attacks, and with the costs and benefits of other options for promoting homeland security. Some argue for greatly increased federal funding to help secure passenger rail systems against terrorist attack. Others argue that rail systems are difficult to defend and are only one among many groups potential terrorist targets, making the development of enhanced rail systems security an inefficient use of resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues

Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Carter, Nicole T; Hughes, H. Steven; Sheikh, Pervaze A & Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Capitol Visitor Center: An Overview

The Capitol Visitor Center: An Overview

Date: July 5, 2006
Creator: Stathis, Stephen W
Description: This report presents the cost of the center, the most extensive addition to the Capitol since the Civil War, and the largest in the structure’s more than 200-year history, is now estimated to be at least $555 million. The project is being financed with appropriated funds, and a total of $65 million from private donations and revenue generated by the sale of commemorative coins.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Security: Issues for the 109th Congress

Transportation Security: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: June 23, 2006
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: The nation's air, land, and marine transportation systems are designed for accessibility and efficiency, two characteristics that make them highly vulnerable to terrorist attack. The focus of this issue brief is how best to construct and finance a system of deterrence, protection, and response that effectively reduces the possibility and consequences of another terrorist attack without unduly interfering with travel, commerce, and civil liberties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 22, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy in February 2006 proposed to maintain in coming years a fleet of 313 ships, including, among other things, 11 aircraft carriers, 48 attack submarines (SSNs), 88 cruisers and destroyers, 55 Littoral Combat Ships (LCSs), 31 amphibious ships, and a Maritime Prepositioning Force (Future), or MPF(F), squadron with 12 new-construction amphibious and sealift-type ships. The Navy says that for its shipbuilding plans to be affordable and executable, the Navy needs to control certain non-shipbuilding expenditures and build ships within estimated costs. The Navy's shipbuilding plans raise potential issues regarding the shipbuilding industrial base, particularly in the areas of the submarine design and engineering base, and the surface combatant construction base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 22, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 22, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches - Background and Options for Congress

Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches - Background and Options for Congress

Date: June 20, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Trident Submarine Conversion (SSGN) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Trident Submarine Conversion (SSGN) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 20, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use -- Background for Congress

Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use -- Background for Congress

Date: June 2, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information on options for technologies that could reduce the Navy's dependence on oil for its ships, as well as four general strategies for reducing the Navy's dependence on oil for its ships: reducing energy use on Navy ships; alternative hydrocarbon fuels; nuclear propulsion; and sail and solar power.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Deepwater program is a $24 billion, 25-year acquisition program to replace or modernize 93 Coast Guard ships and 207 Coast Guard aircraft. The Coast Guard's FY2007 budget requests $934.431 million for the program. Some Members of Congress have criticized and expressed strong concerns over the Deepwater program on several grounds. The House-reported version of H.R. 5441, the FY2007 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill, recommends $892.64 million for the Deepwater program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Coast Guard’s FY2007 budget requests $934.431 million for the Deepwater acquisition program. The House-reported version of H.R. 5441, the FY2007 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill, recommends $892.64 million for the Deepwater program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department