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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Confronting a New Dynamic in the Global Economy

The U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Confronting a New Dynamic in the Global Economy

Date: March 26, 2010
Creator: Canis, Bill & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides an in-depth analysis of the 2009 crisis in the U.S. auto industry and its prospects for regaining domestic and global competitiveness. It also analyzes business and policy issues arising from the unprecedented restructurings that occurred within the industry. The starting point for this analysis is June-July 2009, with General Motors Company (GM or new GM) and Chrysler Group LLC (or new Chrysler) incorporated as new companies, having selectively acquired many, but not all, assets from their predecessor companies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Accelerated Vehicle Retirement Programs in Japan and South Korea: Background for Congress

Accelerated Vehicle Retirement Programs in Japan and South Korea: Background for Congress

Date: October 26, 2010
Creator: Canis, Bill; Grimmett, Jeanne J.; Platzer, Michaela D. & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses the accelerated vehicle retirement (AVR) programs initiated in 2009 by the United States, Japan, South Korea, and other industrial nations (commonly known in the U.S. as the "cash for clunkers" program). The U.S. program began in June 2009, when President Obama signed the Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save (CARS) Act. The report discusses how these various AVR programs affected the automobile industries in the U.S., Japan, and South Korea, specifically. Neither Japan nor South Korea imports large numbers of foreign vehicles, a circumstance not much altered by AVR program implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Date: May 29, 2009
Creator: Canis, Bill; James M. Bickley; Chaikind, Hinda; Pettit, Carol A.; Purcell, Patrick; Rapaport, Carol et al.
Description: This report focuses on the current situation faced by the Detroit 3, key aspects of their current crisis, including possible consequences of a failure of one or more companies, and some aspects of legislative actions that have been considered to bridge their financial conditions to a more stable situation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Volkswagen, Defeat Devices, and the Clean Air Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Volkswagen, Defeat Devices, and the Clean Air Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: February 10, 2016
Creator: Canis, Bill; Lattanzio, Richard K.; Vann, Adam & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides answers to a series of frequently asked questions focusing on a description of modern diesel technologies, their market and emissions profiles, and some potential reasons that could underlie the use of defeat devices. It summarizes the specific allegations filed against VW under the Clean Air Act, the current status of federal and state investigations, and the potential civil and criminal penalties. Further, the report introduces several outstanding issues currently under debate regarding the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) resources and activities, and issues surrounding VW's defeat device.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Policy Issues in the General Motors Vehicle Recall

Policy Issues in the General Motors Vehicle Recall

Date: March 31, 2014
Creator: Canis, Bill; Peterman, David Randall & Pettit, Carol A.
Description: This report discusses the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) process by which vehicle safety defects are identified and vehicles are recalled, as well as the impact that the 2009 GM bankruptcy may have on liability for this defect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General Motors' Initial Public Offering: Review of Issues and Implications for TARP

General Motors' Initial Public Offering: Review of Issues and Implications for TARP

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Canis, Bill; Webel, Baird & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report analyzes the progress General Motors Company has made since it was created from the sale of the bankrupt Old GM in July 2009 and the major issues related to its anticipated 2010 initial public offering (IPO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues in the 109th Congress

Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Carter, Nicole T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues in the 109th Congress

Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Carter, Nicole T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Harbors and Inland Waterways: An Overview of Federal Financing

Harbors and Inland Waterways: An Overview of Federal Financing

Date: January 12, 2004
Creator: Carter, Nicole T & Frittelli, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues

Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Carter, Nicole T; Hughes, H. Steven; Sheikh, Pervaze A & Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ports in Louisiana: New Orleans, South Louisiana, and Baton Rouge

Ports in Louisiana: New Orleans, South Louisiana, and Baton Rouge

Date: October 14, 2005
Creator: Cieslak, Vanessa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The No Fly List: Procedural Due Process and Hurdles to Litigation

The No Fly List: Procedural Due Process and Hurdles to Litigation

Date: September 18, 2014
Creator: Cole, Jared P.
Description: This report provides an overview of the operation of the government's watchlists, examine some of the legal issues implicated by challenges to the No Fly list, and describe recent case law on the matter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses

Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses

Date: October 17, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: This notice from the Department of Transportation, denies a petition for rule-making filed by Physicians for Automotive Safety (PAS), asking this agency to mandate the installation of seat belts on all school buses. NHTSA believes that the currently mandated occupant protections in school buses provide an adequate level of safety protection, and that seat belts would not raise the level of protection for the occupants unless States and local jurisdictions were willing to take steps to ensure that the seat belts were actually used.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drunk Driving and Raising the Drinking Age

Drunk Driving and Raising the Drinking Age

Date: June 1, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: This brief report is prepared in response to numerous requests for information on the related issues of drunk driving and raising the drinking age.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soviet Pipeline

Soviet Pipeline

Date: October 22, 1982
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982

Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982

Date: January 12, 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Impact on the U.S. Automotive Industry

China's Impact on the U.S. Automotive Industry

Date: April 4, 2006
Creator: Cooney, Stephen
Description: This report discusses China’s impact on the U.S. Automotive Industry. Congress has been concerned with broad policies giving Chinese exporters unfair trade advantages. The Senate approved a bill, added as an amendment to other legislation that would place a high tariff on Chinese imports unless China revalues its pegged exchange rate (S. 295). Further action has been postponed on this measure. Legislation to allow U.S. producers to bring countervailing duty cases against Chinese firms subsidized by their government has been approved in the House (H.R. 3283), and a new law has tightened rules against trade in counterfeited goods (P.L. 109-181).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Motor Vehicle Manufacturing Employment: National and State Trends and Issues

Motor Vehicle Manufacturing Employment: National and State Trends and Issues

Date: December 27, 2007
Creator: Cooney, Stephen
Description: The 110th Congress is addressing many issues that could have a major impact on the U.S. motor vehicle manufacturing industry. This includes adopting new fuel economy standards for automobiles and light trucks (P.L. 110-140), plus consideration of legislation that may be used to help promote the manufacturing of future generations of fuel-efficient vehicles (S. 2191). This report looks at four sets of issues that have received attention in Congress or among the public more widely, with respect to employment in the U.S. motor manufacturing industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alaska Natural Gas Pipelines: Interaction of the Natural Gas and Steel Markets

Alaska Natural Gas Pipelines: Interaction of the Natural Gas and Steel Markets

Date: November 2, 2006
Creator: Cooney, Stephen & Pirog, Robert
Description: In 1976, Congress approved legislation to establish the regulatory framework for building a pipeline to bring natural gas from the Alaska North Slope to the lower 48 states. This report focuses on two major issues or uncertainties that may serve as economic constraints on a capital investment undertaking of this major scale.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Loans to the Auto Industry Under the Energy Independence and Security Act

Federal Loans to the Auto Industry Under the Energy Independence and Security Act

Date: November 13, 2008
Creator: Cooney, Stephen & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report examines various programs considered by Congress, including grants and loans, to help automakers with the increased cost of compliance with higher fuel economy standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Cooney, Stephen; Bickley, James M.; Chaikind, Hinda; Pettit, Carol A.; Purcell, Patrick; Rapaport, Carol et al.
Description: This report looks at TARP and federal government assistance to General Motors, Chrysler, and Ford Motors. In particular, the history of these transactions and how they were affecte by Congress, Senate, President Bush, and President Obama.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

Date: June 18, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report covers two proposed permit drafts by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding Vessel General Permits (VGPs): one for large vessels to replace the 2008 VGP (draft VGP), and one for smaller vessels that currently are covered by a congressionally-enacted temporary moratorium (draft sVGP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

EPA's Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

Date: January 29, 2015
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report covers two proposed permit drafts by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding Vessel General Permits (VGPs): one for large vessels to replace the 2008 VGP (draft VGP), and one for smaller vessels that currently are covered by a congressionally-enacted temporary moratorium (draft sVGP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Vessel Incidental Discharge Act: Background and Issues

The Vessel Incidental Discharge Act: Background and Issues

Date: September 4, 2015
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the combination of regulations and standards for controlling vessel discharges, which is at issue today and is addressed in legislation in the 114th Congress, the Vessel Incidental Discharge Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department