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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Deficient Bridge Count Drops Again

Deficient Bridge Count Drops Again

Date: March 6, 2015
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Description: This report briefly discusses overall decline in the number of deficient bridges in 2014 and the long-term downward trend, particularly among bridges posing structural safety concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the passenger facility charge (PFC), within the broader context of airport capital development finance. After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, and the types of projects the program funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rail Safety Efforts Miss Leading Cause of Fatalities

Rail Safety Efforts Miss Leading Cause of Fatalities

Date: April 2, 2015
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: This report briefly discusses the debate over the reauthorization of the Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (RSIA08; P.L. 110-432). Congress is focusing on steps to prevent train derailments and collisions. Such incidents often receive extensive publicity and cause harm to bystanders, such as the residents of Mount Carbon, West Virginia, who were forced to evacuate after a train carrying crude oil derailed and burned on February 16, 2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Date: May 29, 2009
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the passenger facility charge (PFC), within the broader context of airport capital development finance. It contains a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, and the types of projects the program funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changes in Airport Passenger Screening Technologies and Procedures: Frequently Asked Questions

Changes in Airport Passenger Screening Technologies and Procedures: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: January 26, 2011
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report contains answers to numerous questions regarding airport passenger screening.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Role in Rail Transit Safety

The Federal Role in Rail Transit Safety

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Peterman, David Randall & Mallett, William J.
Description: On June 22, 2009, two transit trains in Washington, DC, collided, resulting in nine deaths and dozens of injuries. It was the worst crash in the history of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority's rail transit system. This crash has raised questions about the safety of rail transit and the government's role in ensuring that safety. Nationwide, rail transit is considered one of the safest modes of transportation. This report discusses the State Safety Oversight Program, which went into effect in 1997 and mandates that states are responsible for the safety of the rail transit systems within their borders. This report also explores several issues that Federal Transit Administration (FTA) representatives have discussed in regards to improving the Safety Oversight Program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
F-35 Alternate Engine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

F-35 Alternate Engine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Description: This report discusses the past four years of administration proposals to terminate the program to develop the General Electric/Rolls-Royce F136 engine as an alternative to the Pratt & Whitney F135 engine that currently powers the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). These proposals have been continually rejected by Congress. The Obama Administration's FY2011 budget submission against proposes to terminate the program. This report explores both sides of the termination argument.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 6, 2014
Creator: Frittelli, John; Parfomak, Paul W.; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Andrews, Anthony; Pirog, Robert & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the challenges in the transportation of oil, as refineries that once received crude oil principally from oceangoing tankers are now seeing increasing deliveries by domestic transport. It also outlines possible issues for Congress including rail transport of oil versus pipelines, and the possible increase of oil spills from rail transport.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

Date: June 18, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report covers two proposed permit drafts by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding Vessel General Permits (VGPs): one for large vessels to replace the 2008 VGP (draft VGP), and one for smaller vessels that currently are covered by a congressionally-enacted temporary moratorium (draft sVGP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 24, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department