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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Overview of the Air Carrier Access Act

Overview of the Air Carrier Access Act

Date: May 19, 2009
Creator: Toland, Carol J.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Air Carrier Access Act's (ACAA) statutory provisions, accompanying regulations, relevant judicial opinions, and legislation in the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2008 Appropriations

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2008 Appropriations

Date: February 14, 2008
Creator: Peterman, David Randall & Frittelli, John
Description: This report discusses the current legislative status of the appropriations bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2013 Appropriations

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2013 Appropriations

Date: June 25, 2012
Creator: McCarty, Maggie & Randall Peterman, David
Description: This report looks at Congress's FY2013 budget allocations for the Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD) appropriations subcommittee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Cooney, Stephen; Bickley, James M.; Chaikind, Hinda; Pettit, Carol A.; Purcell, Patrick; Rapaport, Carol et al.
Description: This report looks at TARP and federal government assistance to General Motors, Chrysler, and Ford Motors. In particular, the history of these transactions and how they were affecte by Congress, Senate, President Bush, and President Obama.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 21, 2011
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Report that provides background information and presents potential issues (and costs) for Congress concerning the U.S. Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 18, 2011
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and presents potential issues (and costs) for Congress concerning the Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Piracy: A Legal Definition

Piracy: A Legal Definition

Date: October 19, 2010
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck
Description: Pirate attacks in the waters off the Horn of Africa, including those on U.S.-flagged vessels, have brought continued U.S. and international attention to the long-standing problem of piracy in the region. A recent development in one of the piracy trials in Norfolk, VA, has highlighted a potential limitation in the definition of piracy under the United States Code. This report first examines the historical development of the offense of piracy, as defined by Congress and codified in the United States Code. The focus then turns to how contemporary international agreements define piracy. Finally, the report highlights a recent federal district court ruling that the offense of piracy under 18 U.S.C. § 1651 requires a robbery at sea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 9, 2009
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah J.
Description: This report discusses the VH-71 program, which is intended to provide 23 new presidential helicopters to replace the current fleet of 19 aging presidential helicopters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Securing General Aviation

Securing General Aviation

Date: March 3, 2009
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses safety concerns regarding General aviation (GA), which encompasses a wide range of airports, aircraft, and flight operations. Because GA plays a small but important role in the U.S. economy, improving upon GA security without unduly impeding air commerce or limiting the freedom of movement by air remains a significant challenge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Passenger Screening: Background and Issues for Congress

Airport Passenger Screening: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 23, 2009
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses challenges the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) will likely face to address projected growth in passenger airline travel while maintaining and improving upon the efficiency and effectiveness of passenger screening operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization: An Overview of Selected Provisions in Proposed Legislation Considered by the 110th Congress

Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization: An Overview of Selected Provisions in Proposed Legislation Considered by the 110th Congress

Date: January 27, 2009
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: The report is intended to provide a brief summary and analysis of major legislative provisions in bills related to reauthorization of the Federal Aviation Administration and related aviation programs that were considered during the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Essential Air Service (EAS)

Essential Air Service (EAS)

Date: September 3, 2015
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report discusses Congress' establishment of the Essential Air Service (EAS), a program to ensure that small communities that were served by certificated air carriers before the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 would continue to receive scheduled passenger service, with subsidies if necessary. Deregulation gave airlines almost total freedom to determine which domestic markets to serve and what airfares to charge, which raised the concern that communities with relatively low passenger levels would lose service as carriers shifted their operations to serve larger and often more profitable markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Imported Automobiles in the United States: Their Rising Market Share and the Macroeconomic Impact of a Proposed Import Restriction

Imported Automobiles in the United States: Their Rising Market Share and the Macroeconomic Impact of a Proposed Import Restriction

Date: September 15, 1980
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Elwell, Craig
Description: After two generations of almost unchallenged supremacy, the U.S. auto industry has recently faced plummeting sales, rising competition from imports, and mounting requirements for capital investment and structural change. This has resulted in massive spilling of red ink in the industry's profit and loss columns, further financial pressures on the ailing Chrysler Corporation, layoffs of nearly 250,000 workers (as of August 4, 1980 in the automotive industry alone according to the United Auto Workers Union) and soaring claims for unemployment compensation and trade adjustment assistance. This study focuses on import competition in the auto industry and the economic impact of proposals to limit such competition through either import quotas or agreements with foreign governments (Japan) to restrict automotive exports to the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airline Passenger Rights: The Federal Role in Aviation Consumer Protection

Airline Passenger Rights: The Federal Role in Aviation Consumer Protection

Date: July 21, 2015
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report examines aviation consumer protections following the 1978 elimination of most governmental control regarding airline business practices. It explains the roles of Congress and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) in protecting airline consumers, and discusses some major passenger rights issues and related laws and regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program

VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses VH-71 presidential helicopter, which has experienced noteworthy cost increases and schedule delays, which have generated controversy and scrutiny. The VH-71 is intended to replace the President's current operational fleet of helicopters, consisting of 11 VH-3D Sea Kings and 8 VH-60N Night Hawks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Date: October 2, 2015
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of highways and bridges damaged by disasters (such as Hurricane Sandy in 2012) or catastrophic failures (such as the collapse of the Skagit River Bridge in Washington State in 2013).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of the Air Carrier Access Act

Overview of the Air Carrier Access Act

Date: January 15, 2009
Creator: Toland, Carol J.
Description: TThis report briefly discusses the Air Carrier Access Act's (ACAA) statutory provisions, accompanying regulations, relevant judicial opinions, legislation in the 110th Congress, and possible considerations for the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State Department's Final Decision on the Keystone XL Pipeline

The State Department's Final Decision on the Keystone XL Pipeline

Date: November 9, 2015
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report briefly discusses the State Department's denial of TransCanada's request for a Presidential Permit for proposed pipeline facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transit Program Reauthorization in the 108th Congress

Transit Program Reauthorization in the 108th Congress

Date: April 16, 2003
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: This report discusses the re authorization of transit programs funded by the Federal Transit Administration’s (FTA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Freight Policy: In Brief

Federal Freight Policy: In Brief

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: This report discusses the federal role in freight system planning. The U.S. freight system is a complex network including four principal modes of transportation: The National Truck Network, railroads, barge and ship lines, and air carriers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unmanned Aircraft Operations in Domestic Airspace: U.S. Policy Perspectives and the Regulatory Landscape

Unmanned Aircraft Operations in Domestic Airspace: U.S. Policy Perspectives and the Regulatory Landscape

Date: January 27, 2016
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses the uses and potential risks of Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), which are often referred to as "drones." In the future, it is anticipated that some UAS will share airspace, and potentially share facilities like airports and helipads, with manned aircraft. Technological innovations, as well as standardized procedures operators must follow, will be needed for full integration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transit Reauthorization in the 109th Congress

Transit Reauthorization in the 109th Congress

Date: June 27, 2005
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: This report reviews the current structure and financing of federal transit programs, and briefly examines the financing issues and program changes proposed in the reauthorization bills for surface transportation programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses the increasing attention being paid to alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles, the proponents of which point to their potential to improve urban air quality, decrease dependence on foreign oil, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The report also discusses the major barriers currently preventing widespread use of such technologies, and discusses these technologies in the particular contexts of the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes and the Energy Policy Act of 2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Date: May 29, 2009
Creator: Canis, Bill; James M. Bickley; Chaikind, Hinda; Pettit, Carol A.; Purcell, Patrick; Rapaport, Carol et al.
Description: This report focuses on the current situation faced by the Detroit 3, key aspects of their current crisis, including possible consequences of a failure of one or more companies, and some aspects of legislative actions that have been considered to bridge their financial conditions to a more stable situation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department