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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 24, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report provides background information on the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV), which is the Army's proposed replacement to the Vietnam-era M-113 personnel carriers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Volkswagen, Defeat Devices, and the Clean Air Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Volkswagen, Defeat Devices, and the Clean Air Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: February 10, 2016
Creator: Canis, Bill; Lattanzio, Richard K.; Vann, Adam & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides answers to a series of frequently asked questions focusing on a description of modern diesel technologies, their market and emissions profiles, and some potential reasons that could underlie the use of defeat devices. It summarizes the specific allegations filed against VW under the Clean Air Act, the current status of federal and state investigations, and the potential civil and criminal penalties. Further, the report introduces several outstanding issues currently under debate regarding the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) resources and activities, and issues surrounding VW's defeat device.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Freight Policy: In Brief

Federal Freight Policy: In Brief

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: This report discusses the federal role in freight system planning. The U.S. freight system is a complex network including four principal modes of transportation: The National Truck Network, railroads, barge and ship lines, and air carriers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unmanned Aircraft Operations in Domestic Airspace: U.S. Policy Perspectives and the Regulatory Landscape

Unmanned Aircraft Operations in Domestic Airspace: U.S. Policy Perspectives and the Regulatory Landscape

Date: January 27, 2016
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses the uses and potential risks of Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), which are often referred to as "drones." In the future, it is anticipated that some UAS will share airspace, and potentially share facilities like airports and helipads, with manned aircraft. Technological innovations, as well as standardized procedures operators must follow, will be needed for full integration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran-U.S. Air Service Not Imminent

Iran-U.S. Air Service Not Imminent

Date: January 21, 2016
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report discusses the prospect of air travel between Iran and the U.S., which last operated during 1979, when the U.S. government imposed an embargo on flights following the Iran hostage crisis. Since then, travel and air cargo shipments between the two countries have been routed through third countries, and their extent has been limited by U.S. sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 15, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the sustainment and modernization of the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet. Coast Guard polar icebreakers perform a variety of missions supporting U.S. interests in polar regions. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Administration's plans for sustaining and modernizing the polar icebreaking fleet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Public Transportation Program: In Brief

Federal Public Transportation Program: In Brief

Date: December 28, 2015
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Description: This report provides an introduction to the public transportation program administered by the Department of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration (FTA). This program was authorized in FY2016 through FY2020 by the Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act (P.L. 114-94). The focus of the federal program is still on the capital side, but the program has evolved to support operational expenses in some circumstances, as well as safety oversight, planning, and research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Security: Issues for the 114th Congress

Transportation Security: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: December 25, 2015
Creator: Elias, Bart; Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Description: This report examines aviation, transit and passenger rail security, as well as port and maritime security. The difficulty and cost of protecting the transportation sector from attack raises a core question for policymakers: how much effort and resources to put toward protecting potential targets versus pursuing and fighting terrorists.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 9, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Ohio replacement program (ORP), a program to design and build a new class of 12 ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) to replace the Navy's current force of 14 Ohio-class SSBNs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State Department's Final Decision on the Keystone XL Pipeline

The State Department's Final Decision on the Keystone XL Pipeline

Date: November 9, 2015
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report briefly discusses the State Department's denial of TransCanada's request for a Presidential Permit for proposed pipeline facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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