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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Piracy: A Legal Definition

Piracy: A Legal Definition

Date: October 19, 2010
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck
Description: Pirate attacks in the waters off the Horn of Africa, including those on U.S.-flagged vessels, have brought continued U.S. and international attention to the long-standing problem of piracy in the region. A recent development in one of the piracy trials in Norfolk, VA, has highlighted a potential limitation in the definition of piracy under the United States Code. This report first examines the historical development of the offense of piracy, as defined by Congress and codified in the United States Code. The focus then turns to how contemporary international agreements define piracy. Finally, the report highlights a recent federal district court ruling that the offense of piracy under 18 U.S.C. ยง 1651 requires a robbery at sea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy SSBN(X) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy SSBN(X) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 28, 2010
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy's plan to develop and design a class of 12 next-generation ballistic missile submarines, or SSBN(X)s, as replacements for the 14 Ohio class SSBNs currently in operation. The report explores certain related issues for Congress, including the affordability of the project and its potential impact on other Navy shipbuilding programs, alternatives to the program, and which shipyard or shipyards will build the proposed ships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cars, Trucks, and Climate: EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources

Cars, Trucks, and Climate: EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources

Date: November 2, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: As Congress and the Administration considered new legislation to reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to climate change over the last year and a half (a process that has now stalled), the Environmental Protection Agency simultaneously began to exercise its existing authority under the Clean Air Act to set standards for GHG emissions. The Administration has made clear that its preference would be for Congress to address the climate issue through new legislation. Nevertheless, it is moving forward on several fronts to define how the Clean Air Act will be used and to promulgate regulations. This report covers the steps that the Administration is taking on this topic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
F-35 Alternate Engine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

F-35 Alternate Engine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Description: This report discusses the past four years of administration proposals to terminate the program to develop the General Electric/Rolls-Royce F136 engine as an alternative to the Pratt & Whitney F135 engine that currently powers the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). These proposals have been continually rejected by Congress. The Obama Administration's FY2011 budget submission against proposes to terminate the program. This report explores both sides of the termination argument.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General Motors' Initial Public Offering: Review of Issues and Implications for TARP

General Motors' Initial Public Offering: Review of Issues and Implications for TARP

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Canis, Bill; Webel, Baird & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report analyzes the progress General Motors Company has made since it was created from the sale of the bankrupt Old GM in July 2009 and the major issues related to its anticipated 2010 initial public offering (IPO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surface Transportation Funding and Finance

Surface Transportation Funding and Finance

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Fischer, John W; Kirk, Robert S. & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report discusses changes in funding to the national surface transportation infrastructure, especially in light of the recession that began in 2007, which led to decreases in driving and fuel use. This report focuses on possible revenue sources for surface transportation infrastructure. It begins with a brief discussion of the problems associated with the trust fund financing system and then explores possible immediate and longer-term solutions to the financing problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy LPD-17 Amphibious Ship Procurement: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Navy LPD-17 Amphibious Ship Procurement: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: November 19, 2010
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy's FY2011-FY2015 shipbuilding plan calls for procuring an 11th and final San Antonio (LPD-17) class amphibious ship in FY2012. This report discusses the procurement cost estimates of this ship, as well as related issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy SSBN(X) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy SSBN(X) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 22, 2010
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy's plan to develop and design a class of 12 next-generation ballistic missile submarines, or SSBN(X)s, as replacements for the 14 Ohio class SSBNs currently in operation. The report explores certain related issues for Congress, including the affordability of the project and its potential impact on other Navy shipbuilding programs, alternatives to the program, and which shipyard or shipyards will build the proposed ships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (LHWCA): Overview of Workers' Compensation for Certain Private- Sector Maritime Workers

The Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (LHWCA): Overview of Workers' Compensation for Certain Private- Sector Maritime Workers

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Szymendera, Scott
Description: This report discusses the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (LHWCA), a federal workers' compensation program that covers certain private-sector maritime workers. More than $980 million in LHWCA benefits are paid each year. The LHWCA is administered by the Department of Labor (DOL) and all benefit costs are paid by employers and their insurance carriers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Screening and Securing Air Cargo: Background and Issues for Congress

Screening and Securing Air Cargo: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: The October 2010 discovery of two explosive devices being prepared for loading on U.S.-bound all-cargo aircraft overseas has heightened concerns over the potential use of air cargo shipments to bomb passenger and all-cargo aircraft. This incident renewed congressional interest in air cargo security. This report discusses a number of policy issues that may arise regarding air cargo security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department