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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization: An Overview of Selected Provisions in Proposed Legislation

Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization: An Overview of Selected Provisions in Proposed Legislation

Date: May 9, 2008
Creator: Elias, Bart; Fischer, John W.; Kirk, Robert S.; Luther, Linda; Vincent, Carol Hardy; McCarthy, James E. et al.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief summary and analysis of major legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing Federal Aviation Administration reauthorization process. The report is organized into six major program areas: aviation system finance; airport finance; FAA management and organizational issues; system capacity and safety; environmental issues; and miscellaneous programs and provisions. In several cases, provisions that appear in various unrelated sections of proposed legislation have been rearranged in this report in an effort to group and discuss related items in an issue-driven or programmatic context. Since this report is primarily written as a means of communicating key legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing FAA reauthorization process, it does not go into detail regarding the specific policy issues behind these legislative proposals.
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Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2009 Appropriations

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2009 Appropriations

Date: June 19, 2008
Creator: Peterman, David Randall & Frittelli, John
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
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Public-Private Partnerships in Highway and Transit Infrastructure Provision

Public-Private Partnerships in Highway and Transit Infrastructure Provision

Date: July 9, 2008
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of the surface transportation system and its financing needs as background to the debate on public-private partnerships (PPPs). That is followed by sections describing the different types of PPPs, with details of a few prominent examples, and the development of federal legislation with respect to PPPs. The report then discusses the main issues of contention with the construction and longterm leasing of highways by the private sector, particularly as they relate to the funding, planning, and operation of the surface transportation system, before providing some policy options Congress may wish to consider.
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Highway Bridges: Conditions and the Federal/State Role

Highway Bridges: Conditions and the Federal/State Role

Date: July 15, 2008
Creator: Kirk, Robert S. & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report examines the federal and state roles in the maintenance, inspection, reconstruction, and replacement of the nation's highway bridge infrastructure, as well as the emergency response and reconstruction role of the Department of Transportation (DOT). The report first describes what is known about the condition of the nation's bridges and whether the problem of structural deficiency is improving or worsening. It then briefly describes the programmatic and budgetary context, including federal efforts to reduce the number of deficient bridges, and examines highway bridge spending. The report discusses issues Congress is facing face in light of the I-35W bridge collapse and the emergence of questions about the appropriateness and effectiveness of related federal infrastructure policies, programs, and spending. Finally, the report describes a number of legislative initiatives that have been proposed.
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Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 2, 2008
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses how Congress should respond to the Navy's proposed force structure and shipbuilding plans. Decisions that Congress makes on this issue could significantly affect future U.S. military capabilities, Navy funding requirements, and the Navy shipbuilding industrial base.
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Ocean Piracy and Its Impact on Insurance

Ocean Piracy and Its Impact on Insurance

Date: December 3, 2008
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report examines the issue of piracy off the coast of East Africa in the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden. The report looks into the impact of such piracy on the insurance industry and explains the available options for Congress to mitigate piracy's negative effects on the industry.
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U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Cooney, Stephen; Bickley, James M.; Chaikind, Hinda; Pettit, Carol A.; Purcell, Patrick; Rapaport, Carol et al.
Description: This report looks at TARP and federal government assistance to General Motors, Chrysler, and Ford Motors. In particular, the history of these transactions and how they were affecte by Congress, Senate, President Bush, and President Obama.
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Ocean Piracy and Its Impact on Insurance

Ocean Piracy and Its Impact on Insurance

Date: February 6, 2009
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report examines the issue of piracy off the coast of East Africa in the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden. The report looks into the impact of such piracy on the insurance industry and explains the available options for Congress to mitigate piracy's negative effects on the industry.
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The Federal Role in Rail Transit Safety

The Federal Role in Rail Transit Safety

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Peterman, David Randall & Mallett, William J.
Description: On June 22, 2009, two transit trains in Washington, DC, collided, resulting in nine deaths and dozens of injuries. It was the worst crash in the history of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority's rail transit system. This crash has raised questions about the safety of rail transit and the government's role in ensuring that safety. Nationwide, rail transit is considered one of the safest modes of transportation. This report discusses the State Safety Oversight Program, which went into effect in 1997 and mandates that states are responsible for the safety of the rail transit systems within their borders. This report also explores several issues that Federal Transit Administration (FTA) representatives have discussed in regards to improving the Safety Oversight Program.
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Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Date: March 26, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Crime is ordinarily proscribed, tried, and punished according to the laws of the place where it occurs. American criminal law applies beyond the geographical confines of the United States, however, under certain limited circumstances. A surprising number of federal criminal statutes have extraterritorial application, but prosecutions have been few. This may be because when extraterritorial criminal jurisdiction does exist, practical and legal complications, and sometimes diplomatic considerations, may counsel against its exercise.
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