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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Japan-U.S. Automotive Framework Talks

Japan-U.S. Automotive Framework Talks

Date: November 10, 1994
Creator: Bass, Gwenell L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards

Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards

Date: September 2, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The extent to which emissions from motor vehicles and the amount of sulfur in commercial gasoline should be regulated has become a controversial issue. The EPA is proposing national limits on gasoline sulfur levels which would become effective in 2004. This report provides background information on the regulation of vehicle emissions in the United States, analyzes key elements of the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) program and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Tier 2 proposal, summarizes major views on the proposal that have been expressed by the automobile industry, the oil refining industry, and some environmental organizations, and discusses relevant legislative activity in the 106th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: Federal funding to assist states in addressing the environmental impacts of surface transportation is a major issue for the second session of the 105th Congress. The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) of 1991 (P.L. 102-240) authorized a total of $155 billion for transportation projects from FY1992 to FY1997. This report describes how the Congrestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program (CMAQ) and enhancement programs function, examines the policy issues surrounding them, and summarizes relevant provisions in major legislation to reauthorize ISTEA in the 105th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Vehicle Emission Standards: An Overview of the National Low Emission Vehicle Program and Related Issues

Air Quality and Vehicle Emission Standards: An Overview of the National Low Emission Vehicle Program and Related Issues

Date: January 4, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: This report provides background information on federal emission standards for motor vehicles under the Clean Air Act and stricter standards originally developed to address the severity of air quality problems in California, explains the low emission standards and flexible compliance mechanisms to which states and manufacturers have voluntarily agreed under the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Program, discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) estimates of the program's air quality benefits and costs, and examines regulatory issues related to its implementation including sulfur levels in gasoline and the relative stringency of emission standards for light trucks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Tier 2 Proposal for Stricter Vehicle Emission Standards: A Fact Sheet

EPA's Tier 2 Proposal for Stricter Vehicle Emission Standards: A Fact Sheet

Date: June 24, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 established "Tier 1" standards to limit tailpipe emissions from new motor vehicles, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to determine if more stringent requirements are needed to attain or maintain National Ambient Air Quality Standards. EPA also must assess the availability and cost-effectiveness of technologies necessary to control emissions. In a report submitted to Congress in August 1998, EPA concluded that tougher standards are necessary and that essential technologies are available and cost-effective
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway Funding, the States, and New Air Quality Standards

Highway Funding, the States, and New Air Quality Standards

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (P.L. 105-178): An Overview of Environmental Protection Provisions

Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (P.L. 105-178): An Overview of Environmental Protection Provisions

Date: July 31, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M.
Description: This report describes how the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program (CMAQ) and enhancement programs function, examines the policy issues surrounding them, and summarizes relevant provisions in major legislation to reauthorize ISTEA in the 105th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Sea Shipment of Plutonium

Japan's Sea Shipment of Plutonium

Date: January 15, 1993
Creator: Donnelly, Warren H & Davis, Zachary S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway and Transit Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway and Transit Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

Date: March 6, 1998
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: This report discusses the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA), programs which are continuing to operate on the basis of limited interim financing enacted in the closing moments of the 1st Session.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway Related Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway Related Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

Date: October 23, 1997
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation and the FY1997 Budget

Transportation and the FY1997 Budget

Date: October 4, 1996
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Trust Funds: Budgetary Treatment

Transportation Trust Funds: Budgetary Treatment

Date: April 6, 1998
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation: Direct Federal Spending, 1918-1998

Aviation: Direct Federal Spending, 1918-1998

Date: February 3, 1999
Creator: Fischer, John W & Kirk, Robert S
Description: The federal government has provided large financial resources in support of commercial aviation since 1918. This report details the amounts and types of federal spending that have occurred over this 80 year period. The report also discusses some of the issues that have shaped federal policy toward aviation and identifies some of the issues likely to affect federal spending in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Roads: Construction and Financing

Forest Roads: Construction and Financing

Date: July 16, 1997
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salvage Timber Sales and Forest Health

Salvage Timber Sales and Forest Health

Date: June 7, 1996
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Community - Japan Automobile Agreement

The European Community - Japan Automobile Agreement

Date: January 27, 1992
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J
Description: The European Community (EC) and Japan reached an agreement on trade in automobiles in July 1991. The agreement restricts exports of automobiles from Japan to the EC to 1.23 million cars per year until the end of 1999. The Commission of the European Communities estimates that Japanese transplant production in the EC will amount to 1.2 million cars per year in 1999. The Japanese appear to concur with this estimate but do not agree that it constitutes a cap on transplant investment or production. Whether the agreement covers the export of U.S.-built Japanese transplants to the EC is unclear. If the agreement covers, or has the effect of discouraging, such exports, it would be a cause for concern for U.S. policymakers. U.S. trade officials have reportedly discussed the issue with Japanese counterparts. It is unknown whether U.S. concerns have been addressed to European Community (EC) officials.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. 1995 Automotive Dispute: Impact of 100 Percent Tariffs on Automobile Dealers by State

Japan-U.S. 1995 Automotive Dispute: Impact of 100 Percent Tariffs on Automobile Dealers by State

Date: June 16, 1995
Creator: Heavner, Penelope Fay
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Date: May 29, 1998
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP): An Overview

Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP): An Overview

Date: December 7, 1998
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This report discusses the Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP). After a brief description of the ADHP system, the report describes the ADHP's operation, organization, spending history and status. It then describes changes in its funding mechanism resultant from TEA 21 and issues of interest to Congress related to the ADHP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway Fund Sanctions for Clean Air Act Violations

Highway Fund Sanctions for Clean Air Act Violations

Date: October 22, 1997
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese Lobbying and U.S. Automobile Policy

Japanese Lobbying and U.S. Automobile Policy

Date: February 19, 1993
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 1995 Japan-U.S. Auto and Parts Trade Dispute: Terms of the Settlement and Implications

The 1995 Japan-U.S. Auto and Parts Trade Dispute: Terms of the Settlement and Implications

Date: August 9, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K. & Bass, Gwenell L.
Description: On June 28, 1995, the United States and Japan reached a settlement in a long-running dispute over access to Japan's market for automobiles and parts. 100-percent tariffs by the United States on imports of luxury cars from Japan had been threatened under a Section 301 unfair trade practices case dealing with the aftermarket for autoparts in Japan. This report describes the dispute, the settlement, and questions and issues that still remain.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Automobile and Parts Trade Dispute

Japan-U.S. Automobile and Parts Trade Dispute

Date: June 9, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K; Cooper, William H & Bass, Gwenell L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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