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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Proposed Keystone XL Pipeline: Legal Issues

Proposed Keystone XL Pipeline: Legal Issues

Date: January 23, 2012
Creator: Vann, Adam; Alexander, Kristina; Burrows, Vanessa K. & Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report reviews those legal issues. First, it suggests that legislation related to cross-border facility permitting is unlikely to raise significant constitutional questions, despite the fact that such permits have traditionally been handled by the executive branch alone pursuant to its constitutional "foreign affairs" authority. Next, it observes generally that state oversight of pipeline siting decisions does not appear to violate existing federal law or the Constitution. Finally, the report suggests that State Department's implementation of the existing authority to issue presidential permits appears to allow for judicial review of its National Environmental Policy Act determinations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 28, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs), intended as replacements for 90 aging Coast Guard cutters and patrol craft. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Coast Guard's funding requests and acquisition strategies for these programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Relief for Disaster Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Emergency Relief for Disaster Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Date: January 28, 2014
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of highways and bridges damaged by disasters (such as Hurricane Sandy in 2012) or catastrophic failures (such as the collapse of the Skagit River Bridge in 2013). It begins with a brief discussion of the legislative origins of federal assistance and then addresses eligibility issues and program operation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Civil Aviation Programs: In Brief

Federal Civil Aviation Programs: In Brief

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) programs and activities are funded under four broad budget accounts: operations and maintenance (such as air traffic control and aviation safety functions); facilities and equipment (such as control towers and navigation beacons); grants for airport improvements under the airports improvement program (AIP); and civil aviation research and development conducted or sponsored by FAA. Additionally, aviation programs fund aviation programs administered by the Department of Transportation (DOT) Office of the Secretary, including the Essential Air Service Program that subsidizes airline service to certain small and isolated communities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Travel and Tourism: Industry Trends and Policy Issues for Congress

U.S. Travel and Tourism: Industry Trends and Policy Issues for Congress

Date: April 2, 2014
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report discusses the travel and tourism industry, which is an amalgam of business activities including transportation, lodging, entertainment, meals, and retail trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Policy Issues in the General Motors Vehicle Recall

Policy Issues in the General Motors Vehicle Recall

Date: March 31, 2014
Creator: Canis, Bill; Peterman, David Randall & Pettit, Carol A.
Description: This report discusses the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) process by which vehicle safety defects are identified and vehicles are recalled, as well as the impact that the 2009 GM bankruptcy may have on liability for this defect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Status of Mexican Trucks in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions

Status of Mexican Trucks in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about the pilot program permitting Mexican trucks into the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 17, 2010
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and presents potential issues, as well as costs, for Congress concerning the U.S. Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans. The planned size of the Navy, the rate of Navy ship procurement, and the prospective affordability of the Navy's shipbuilding plans have been matters of concern for the congressional defense committees for the past several years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Battery Manufacturing for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles: Policy Issues

Battery Manufacturing for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles: Policy Issues

Date: April 4, 2013
Creator: Canis, Bill
Description: This report examines the nascent battery manufacturing industry and considers efforts to strengthen U.S. capacity to manufacture batteries and battery components for hybrid and electric vehicles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Traffic Safety Programs: An Overview

Federal Traffic Safety Programs: An Overview

Date: April 1, 2013
Creator: Peterman, David R.
Description: This report discusses trends in traffic safety and federal efforts to improve overall safety on the roads including the encouragement of safer driving behavior, vehicle improvements, roadway improvements, and commercial transportation safety.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department