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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Year: 1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Harbor Maintenance Tax and the 106th Congress

The Harbor Maintenance Tax and the 106th Congress

Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Amtrak: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Date: March 2, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: This report discusses the financial troubles of Amtrak, its request for federal financial operating assistance, the Amtrack Reform and Accountability Act of 1997, Amtrak's Strategic Business Plan for FY1999-2002, Amtrak's operating losses, and other rail passenger services that might emerge in the absence of Amtrak, should the company fail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Passenger Service Act, Domestic Ocean Passenger Services, and the 106th Congress

The Passenger Service Act, Domestic Ocean Passenger Services, and the 106th Congress

Date: January 15, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Surface Transportation Board (STB) Reauthorization and the 106th Congress

The Surface Transportation Board (STB) Reauthorization and the 106th Congress

Date: February 26, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: A rationale for federal financial support to Amtrak has been that rail service conserves energy, compared to other forms of intercity passenger transportation. The numbers discussed in this report suggest that the rationale might not be valid with regard to autos and buses. The report discusses some public policy implications that could follow from that conclusion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation: Direct Federal Spending, 1918-1998

Aviation: Direct Federal Spending, 1918-1998

Date: February 3, 1999
Creator: Fischer, John W & Kirk, Robert S
Description: The federal government has provided large financial resources in support of commercial aviation since 1918. This report details the amounts and types of federal spending that have occurred over this 80 year period. The report also discusses some of the issues that have shaped federal policy toward aviation and identifies some of the issues likely to affect federal spending in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Tier 2 Proposal for Stricter Vehicle Emission Standards: A Fact Sheet

EPA's Tier 2 Proposal for Stricter Vehicle Emission Standards: A Fact Sheet

Date: June 24, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 established "Tier 1" standards to limit tailpipe emissions from new motor vehicles, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to determine if more stringent requirements are needed to attain or maintain National Ambient Air Quality Standards. EPA also must assess the availability and cost-effectiveness of technologies necessary to control emissions. In a report submitted to Congress in August 1998, EPA concluded that tougher standards are necessary and that essential technologies are available and cost-effective
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Y2K Challenges and Transportation: Risks and Solutions

Y2K Challenges and Transportation: Risks and Solutions

Date: April 30, 1999
Creator: Rothberg, Paul F & Moore, J. Glen
Description: Many companies or governmental entities provide or use transportation systems that are heavily dependent on computers, software, and other technologies that do not have Y2K problems, e.g., they are Y2K compliant or ready. Some transportation systems, however, still use technologies with Y2K problems, which if left uncorrected, could pose safety risks or efficiency concerns on or after January 1, 2000. The extent and nature of those impacts are expected to vary among the modes of transportation and among various providers or users. In addition, Y2K-related problems occurring in the communications and energy industries could reduce the safety and efficiency of some transportation systems in early January 2000. Operations at some foreign ports and international air traffic control systems with Y2K problems also could adversely affect shipments and flights into and out of the United States. The total amount that has been spent to assess and fix Y2K problems affecting transportation is not known, but estimates suggest that at least $1 billion of private sector, transit authority, and federal funds have been or will soon be allocated for that purpose.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997 and Related Developments

The Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997 and Related Developments

Date: January 28, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: The Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997, enacted December 2, 1997, authorized appropriations to Amtrak through FY2002. This CRS report summarizes the provisions of the Act and discusses related developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Vehicle Emission Standards: An Overview of the National Low Emission Vehicle Program and Related Issues

Air Quality and Vehicle Emission Standards: An Overview of the National Low Emission Vehicle Program and Related Issues

Date: January 4, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: This report provides background information on federal emission standards for motor vehicles under the Clean Air Act and stricter standards originally developed to address the severity of air quality problems in California, explains the low emission standards and flexible compliance mechanisms to which states and manufacturers have voluntarily agreed under the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Program, discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) estimates of the program's air quality benefits and costs, and examines regulatory issues related to its implementation including sulfur levels in gasoline and the relative stringency of emission standards for light trucks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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