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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Transportation Trust Funds: Budgetary Treatment

Transportation Trust Funds: Budgetary Treatment

Date: April 6, 1998
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Date: May 29, 1998
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: Federal funding to assist states in addressing the environmental impacts of surface transportation is a major issue for the second session of the 105th Congress. The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) of 1991 (P.L. 102-240) authorized a total of $155 billion for transportation projects from FY1992 to FY1997. This report describes how the Congrestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program (CMAQ) and enhancement programs function, examines the policy issues surrounding them, and summarizes relevant provisions in major legislation to reauthorize ISTEA in the 105th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway Funding, the States, and New Air Quality Standards

Highway Funding, the States, and New Air Quality Standards

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (P.L. 105-178): An Overview of Environmental Protection Provisions

Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (P.L. 105-178): An Overview of Environmental Protection Provisions

Date: July 31, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Maritime Security Program (MSP) in an International Commercial Context: A Discussion

The Maritime Security Program (MSP) in an International Commercial Context: A Discussion

Date: October 28, 1998
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Maritime Economic Deregulation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Maritime Economic Deregulation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Date: November 13, 1998
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY1999: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY1999: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Thompson, Duane A
Description: The text of this report is a guide to of the original (Department of Transportation and Related Agencies) appropriations bill for FY1999. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Transportation Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY1999: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY1999: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Thompson, Duane A
Description: This report is a guide to of the original (DOT and Related Agencies) appropriations bill for FY1999. The report summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP): An Overview

Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP): An Overview

Date: December 7, 1998
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This report discusses the Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP). After a brief description of the ADHP system, the report describes the ADHP's operation, organization, spending history and status. It then describes changes in its funding mechanism resultant from TEA 21 and issues of interest to Congress related to the ADHP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Vehicle Emission Standards: An Overview of the National Low Emission Vehicle Program and Related Issues

Air Quality and Vehicle Emission Standards: An Overview of the National Low Emission Vehicle Program and Related Issues

Date: January 4, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: This report provides background information on federal emission standards for motor vehicles under the Clean Air Act and stricter standards originally developed to address the severity of air quality problems in California, explains the low emission standards and flexible compliance mechanisms to which states and manufacturers have voluntarily agreed under the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Program, discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) estimates of the program's air quality benefits and costs, and examines regulatory issues related to its implementation including sulfur levels in gasoline and the relative stringency of emission standards for light trucks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Passenger Service Act, Domestic Ocean Passenger Services, and the 106th Congress

The Passenger Service Act, Domestic Ocean Passenger Services, and the 106th Congress

Date: January 15, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: A rationale for federal financial support to Amtrak has been that rail service conserves energy, compared to other forms of intercity passenger transportation. The numbers discussed in this report suggest that the rationale might not be valid with regard to autos and buses. The report discusses some public policy implications that could follow from that conclusion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Harbor Maintenance Tax and the 106th Congress

The Harbor Maintenance Tax and the 106th Congress

Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997 and Related Developments

The Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997 and Related Developments

Date: January 28, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: The Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997, enacted December 2, 1997, authorized appropriations to Amtrak through FY2002. This CRS report summarizes the provisions of the Act and discusses related developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation: Direct Federal Spending, 1918-1998

Aviation: Direct Federal Spending, 1918-1998

Date: February 3, 1999
Creator: Fischer, John W & Kirk, Robert S
Description: The federal government has provided large financial resources in support of commercial aviation since 1918. This report details the amounts and types of federal spending that have occurred over this 80 year period. The report also discusses some of the issues that have shaped federal policy toward aviation and identifies some of the issues likely to affect federal spending in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Surface Transportation Board (STB) Reauthorization and the 106th Congress

The Surface Transportation Board (STB) Reauthorization and the 106th Congress

Date: February 26, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Amtrak: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Date: March 2, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: This report discusses the financial troubles of Amtrak, its request for federal financial operating assistance, the Amtrack Reform and Accountability Act of 1997, Amtrak's Strategic Business Plan for FY1999-2002, Amtrak's operating losses, and other rail passenger services that might emerge in the absence of Amtrak, should the company fail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Y2K Challenges and Transportation: Risks and Solutions

Y2K Challenges and Transportation: Risks and Solutions

Date: April 30, 1999
Creator: Rothberg, Paul F & Moore, J. Glen
Description: Many companies or governmental entities provide or use transportation systems that are heavily dependent on computers, software, and other technologies that do not have Y2K problems, e.g., they are Y2K compliant or ready. Some transportation systems, however, still use technologies with Y2K problems, which if left uncorrected, could pose safety risks or efficiency concerns on or after January 1, 2000. The extent and nature of those impacts are expected to vary among the modes of transportation and among various providers or users. In addition, Y2K-related problems occurring in the communications and energy industries could reduce the safety and efficiency of some transportation systems in early January 2000. Operations at some foreign ports and international air traffic control systems with Y2K problems also could adversely affect shipments and flights into and out of the United States. The total amount that has been spent to assess and fix Y2K problems affecting transportation is not known, but estimates suggest that at least $1 billion of private sector, transit authority, and federal funds have been or will soon be allocated for that purpose.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Tier 2 Proposal for Stricter Vehicle Emission Standards: A Fact Sheet

EPA's Tier 2 Proposal for Stricter Vehicle Emission Standards: A Fact Sheet

Date: June 24, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 established "Tier 1" standards to limit tailpipe emissions from new motor vehicles, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to determine if more stringent requirements are needed to attain or maintain National Ambient Air Quality Standards. EPA also must assess the availability and cost-effectiveness of technologies necessary to control emissions. In a report submitted to Congress in August 1998, EPA concluded that tougher standards are necessary and that essential technologies are available and cost-effective
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards

Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards

Date: September 2, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The extent to which emissions from motor vehicles and the amount of sulfur in commercial gasoline should be regulated has become a controversial issue. The EPA is proposing national limits on gasoline sulfur levels which would become effective in 2004. This report provides background information on the regulation of vehicle emissions in the United States, analyzes key elements of the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) program and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Tier 2 proposal, summarizes major views on the proposal that have been expressed by the automobile industry, the oil refining industry, and some environmental organizations, and discusses relevant legislative activity in the 106th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2000: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY2000: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Date: February 4, 2000
Creator: Thompson, Duane A & Kirk, Robert S
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation Policies

Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation Policies

Date: February 14, 2000
Creator: Lipford, William A & Harrison, Glennon J
Description: This report discusses the Bicycle and Pedestrian Legislation, Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act Of 1991 (ISTEA), Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century,and Funding under ISTEA and TEA21.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
C-17 Cargo Aircraft Program

C-17 Cargo Aircraft Program

Date: March 20, 2000
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: The C-17 Globemaster III is a long-range cargo/transport aircraft operated by the U.S. Air Force since 1993. Congress approved development of the aircraft in the late 1970s, when it was recognized that the Air Force did not have enough airlift capability. In 1981, the McDonnell Douglas C-17 emerged as winner of a competition with Boeing and Lockheed to develop a next-generation aircraft to replace C-130s and C-141s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department